• Memory for how to do things:
• Ride a bike
• Play an instrument
• Performance of skills is task specific
• Alterations in neural processing structures are most
likely the cause of procedural skills
(TOT): used to study
the network of semantic
The study of flashbulb
memories has provided
A parallel between the computer and human
Craik and Lockhart > only one type of
The level of processing may determine the
permanence of the storage of this memory.
Chapter 7 Memory help me
The number of sessions, distribution of practice,
meaningfulness of items, similarity of items, and
serial position (latency, recency effects) of items
influence human learning.
Proactive Interference: old material
Retroactive interference: new material
May occur when memories
are not allowed to
consolidate or set.
New information cannot be
stored, although old
memories remain intact
Can result from damage to
The method of loci
Encoding specificity > associated with
It has been suggested that memories of
childhood sexual abuse may be repressed
and recalled during adulthood.
Often suggestions made by a therapist.