Chapter 7



Memory




               1
Initial Studies
Hermann Ebbinghaus – late 1800s




                                  2
Memory
   Recognition
   Recall




                  3
Traditional Model of Memory

   There are three types of memory: sensory,
    short-term, and long-term.




            ...
5
Flashbulb Memory



Procedural Memory
 • Memory for how to do things:
       • Ride a bike
       • Skateboard
       • Pl...
Other Approaches

   Tip-of-the-tongue
    (TOT): used to study
    the network of semantic
    memories
   The study of...
Information-Processing Model
   A parallel between the computer and human
    memory.




                               ...
Other Approaches
   Craik and Lockhart > only one type of
    memory.
   The level of processing may determine the
    p...
Memory
   The number of sessions, distribution of practice,
    meaningfulness of items, similarity of items, and
    ser...
Forgetting
   Proactive Interference: old material
    interferes new.
   Retroactive interference: new material
    int...
Amnesia

   Retrograde amnesia
       May occur when memories
        are not allowed to
        consolidate or set.
  ...
Mnemonics
   Imagery
   Peg-word
   Acronyms
   Acrostics
   The method of loci




                              13
Other

   Encoding specificity > associated with
    retrieval

   It has been suggested that memories of
    childhood ...
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Chapter 7 Psych 1 Online Stud 1200370826107809 5[1]

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Chapter 7 Psych 1 Online Stud 1200370826107809 5[1]

  1. 1. Chapter 7 Memory 1
  2. 2. Initial Studies Hermann Ebbinghaus – late 1800s 2
  3. 3. Memory  Recognition  Recall 3
  4. 4. Traditional Model of Memory  There are three types of memory: sensory, short-term, and long-term. And also, Flashbulb memory… 4
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. Flashbulb Memory Procedural Memory • Memory for how to do things: • Ride a bike • Skateboard • Play an instrument • Performance of skills is task specific • Alterations in neural processing structures are most likely the cause of procedural skills 6
  7. 7. Other Approaches  Tip-of-the-tongue (TOT): used to study the network of semantic memories  The study of flashbulb memories has provided information about episodic memory. 7
  8. 8. Information-Processing Model  A parallel between the computer and human memory. 8
  9. 9. Other Approaches  Craik and Lockhart > only one type of memory.  The level of processing may determine the permanence of the storage of this memory. Schemas will Chapter 7 Memory help me remember 9
  10. 10. Memory  The number of sessions, distribution of practice, meaningfulness of items, similarity of items, and serial position (latency, recency effects) of items influence human learning. 10
  11. 11. Forgetting  Proactive Interference: old material interferes new.  Retroactive interference: new material interferes old. 11
  12. 12. Amnesia  Retrograde amnesia  May occur when memories are not allowed to consolidate or set.  Anterograde amnesia  New information cannot be stored, although old memories remain intact  Can result from damage to hippocampus 12
  13. 13. Mnemonics  Imagery  Peg-word  Acronyms  Acrostics  The method of loci 13
  14. 14. Other  Encoding specificity > associated with retrieval  It has been suggested that memories of childhood sexual abuse may be repressed and recalled during adulthood.  Often suggestions made by a therapist. 14

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