Sex and Gender
Chapter 10                    4th Edition




                                   10-1
[Graphic]



http://www.birthdiaries.com/diary/41vbirth.htm
Sex and Gender
• Sex – biological makeup: XX or XY
• Gender – behaviors, characteristics, roles,
  and physical appearance...
Sex and Gender
• Early in development, the embryo's gonad (sex
  gland) can develop into either a testis or an
  ovary.
• ...
Sex and Gender
• Excessively high
  levels of androgens
  during fetal period >
  adrenogenital
  syndrome
• Androgen inse...
Sexual Response Cycle




                        10-6
Primary/secondary sexual
     characteristics




                           10-7
Common Sexual Dysfunctions
• Hypoactive (inhibited)
  sexual desire
• Sexual aversion
• Inhibited female orgasm
• Prematur...
Health Issues
• Women
  – Regular gynecological exams
  – Regular breast self-examination –
    MD should teach you on eve...
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
              (Graphic Photos)

•   About 25% of sexually
    active teens
•   AIDS
•   Chla...
Gender Roles and Gender Stereotypes

• Children in all parts of the world learn gender
  stereotypes rapidly and at an ear...
Similarities and Differences
   Between Males and Females
 See also P. 440

• Males perform better in mathematical and
  s...
Similarities and Differences
Between Males and Females




   More differences
                                10-13
Social Issues
• There are many more dentists in the
  United States who are men; there are
  many more dentists in Sweden ...
Social Issues
• Continued reliance on gender stereotypes
  can result in sexism-differential treatment
  of individuals ba...
Social Issues
• Women earn more undergraduate college/university
  degrees than men.




                                 ...
Social Issues
• Sexual harassment has been defined as;
  – (1) coercion of sexual favors by means of
    promised rewards ...
Dual-Earner Couples
•   Close to ¾ of married women with school-
    aged children work outside the home.
•   More than 50...
Social Issues




                10-19
Gender and Career Choices:
     Women’s Work




U.S Census Data, 2005




                             10-20
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Chapter 10 Psych 1 Online Stud 1201054140730009 4[1]

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Chapter 10 Psych 1 Online Stud 1201054140730009 4[1]

  1. 1. Sex and Gender Chapter 10 4th Edition 10-1
  2. 2. [Graphic] http://www.birthdiaries.com/diary/41vbirth.htm
  3. 3. Sex and Gender • Sex – biological makeup: XX or XY • Gender – behaviors, characteristics, roles, and physical appearance. Largely related to culture. • Hermaphrodite 10-3
  4. 4. Sex and Gender • Early in development, the embryo's gonad (sex gland) can develop into either a testis or an ovary. • The presence of a Y chromosome directs this undifferentiated gonad to develop into a testis. 10-4 7-week fetus
  5. 5. Sex and Gender • Excessively high levels of androgens during fetal period > adrenogenital syndrome • Androgen insensitivity syndrome > male embryo does not respond to male hormones. 10-5
  6. 6. Sexual Response Cycle 10-6
  7. 7. Primary/secondary sexual characteristics 10-7
  8. 8. Common Sexual Dysfunctions • Hypoactive (inhibited) sexual desire • Sexual aversion • Inhibited female orgasm • Premature ejaculation link • Erectile disorder • Retarded ejaculation • Dyspareunia – Vaginismus 10-8
  9. 9. Health Issues • Women – Regular gynecological exams – Regular breast self-examination – MD should teach you on every visit. http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/testing/self_exam/bse_steps.jsp – Mammogram • Men – Testicular self-examination – http://tcrc.acor.org/tcexam.html – Prostate exam 10-9
  10. 10. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (Graphic Photos) • About 25% of sexually active teens • AIDS • Chlamydia • Genital Warts (human papilloma virus) • Genital Herpes • Trichomoniasis • Gonorrhea • Syphilis (next) 10-10
  11. 11. Gender Roles and Gender Stereotypes • Children in all parts of the world learn gender stereotypes rapidly and at an early age. • The mass media influence the learning of gender stereotypes. 10-11
  12. 12. Similarities and Differences Between Males and Females See also P. 440 • Males perform better in mathematical and spatial abilities • Females perform better on tests of verbal ability 10-12
  13. 13. Similarities and Differences Between Males and Females More differences 10-13
  14. 14. Social Issues • There are many more dentists in the United States who are men; there are many more dentists in Sweden and Russia who are women. What accounts for the differences? 10-14
  15. 15. Social Issues • Continued reliance on gender stereotypes can result in sexism-differential treatment of individuals based on their sex. 10-15
  16. 16. Social Issues • Women earn more undergraduate college/university degrees than men. 10-16
  17. 17. Social Issues • Sexual harassment has been defined as; – (1) coercion of sexual favors by means of promised rewards or threatened punishments (quid pro quo) – (2) creation of a hostile environment. • Hostile Sexism • Benevolent Sexism 10-17
  18. 18. Dual-Earner Couples • Close to ¾ of married women with school- aged children work outside the home. • More than 50% of mothers of 1-year-olds work outside the home. • In majority of families, both partners work, but wife generally spends more time taking care of the children. • Husbands do outside chores mostly, and women do the housework, child care, meal preparation. [next] 10-18
  19. 19. Social Issues 10-19
  20. 20. Gender and Career Choices: Women’s Work U.S Census Data, 2005 10-20

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