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Election Technology and Problems in the Field Joseph Lorenzo Hall UC Berkeley School of Information ACCURATE
Outline <ul><li>Punchcard/ Lever </li></ul><ul><li>Optical Scan (CCOS, PCOS) </li></ul><ul><li>DRE Voting Machines </li></...
Punchcard Systems <ul><li>Two styles: Votomatic and DataVote </li></ul>
Lever Systems
Optical Scan Precinct-based (PCOS) Centrally Counted (CCOS)
InkaVote Plus <ul><li>Used in Los Angeles for most precinct voting </li></ul><ul><li>Uses an inked stylus </li></ul><ul><l...
DRE Voting Systems <ul><li>“ full-face” vs “scrolling” machines </li></ul>ES&S Unilect Sequoia 1242 Diebold Sequoia Hart M...
Ballot Marking Devices AutoMARK Populex
Others <ul><li>Vote-PAD: essentially a laminated template </li></ul><ul><li>Has “nubs” next to holes </li></ul><ul><li>Lar...
Registration/Activation Systems <ul><li>DESI’s e-pollbook </li></ul><ul><li>Card Activators </li></ul><ul><li>ES&S PEB </l...
Problems (General) <ul><li>Tamper-evident Seals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should not be broken unless witnessed </li></ul></ul...
Problems (Opscan) <ul><li>Mis-calibration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be overly-sensitive or not sensitive enough </li></ul>...
Problems (DREs) <ul><li>Screen/scroll calibration problems </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity (low or high), fingernails/object...
Problems (DREs w/ VVPAT) <ul><li>People do not examine VVPATs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any privacy guard, etc. should be off ...
Problems (BMDs) <ul><li>Newer, can be a bit more raw </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can crash, may take 10 mins. to reboot </li></u...
Problems (Reg. Systems) <ul><li>Crashes, reboots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maryland had problems with syncing and frequent cra...
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Eletcion Technology and Problems in the Field

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A brief list of the types of voting technology that will be around during the 2006 election and problems that have occured with them in the field.

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Eletcion Technology and Problems in the Field

  1. 1. Election Technology and Problems in the Field Joseph Lorenzo Hall UC Berkeley School of Information ACCURATE
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Punchcard/ Lever </li></ul><ul><li>Optical Scan (CCOS, PCOS) </li></ul><ul><li>DRE Voting Machines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full-face vs. Scrolling, w/ VVPAT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ballot Marking Devices, Other Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Registration Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Problems You May Encounter </li></ul>
  3. 3. Punchcard Systems <ul><li>Two styles: Votomatic and DataVote </li></ul>
  4. 4. Lever Systems
  5. 5. Optical Scan Precinct-based (PCOS) Centrally Counted (CCOS)
  6. 6. InkaVote Plus <ul><li>Used in Los Angeles for most precinct voting </li></ul><ul><li>Uses an inked stylus </li></ul><ul><li>Can be precint or central </li></ul>
  7. 7. DRE Voting Systems <ul><li>“ full-face” vs “scrolling” machines </li></ul>ES&S Unilect Sequoia 1242 Diebold Sequoia Hart MicroVote
  8. 8. Ballot Marking Devices AutoMARK Populex
  9. 9. Others <ul><li>Vote-PAD: essentially a laminated template </li></ul><ul><li>Has “nubs” next to holes </li></ul><ul><li>Large page turning assists </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used with existing optical scan </li></ul><ul><li>IVS Inpsire: </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used on phone </li></ul><ul><li>In precinct audio </li></ul><ul><li>Verification of paper </li></ul><ul><li>via bar code scanner </li></ul>
  10. 10. Registration/Activation Systems <ul><li>DESI’s e-pollbook </li></ul><ul><li>Card Activators </li></ul><ul><li>ES&S PEB </li></ul>
  11. 11. Problems (General) <ul><li>Tamper-evident Seals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should not be broken unless witnessed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power outages, plug problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most have batteries, battery indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Room configuration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Should protect privacy of voters </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modem problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If problem, don’t transmit </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Problems (Opscan) <ul><li>Mis-calibration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be overly-sensitive or not sensitive enough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May require certain types of pen </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Central count does not provide feedback </li></ul><ul><ul><li>problematic for elderly, poor, uneducated and language and ethnic minorities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have ran out of memory, started to count backwards in the past. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Problems (DREs) <ul><li>Screen/scroll calibration problems </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity (low or high), fingernails/objects </li></ul><ul><li>System crashes, reboots </li></ul><ul><li>Audio ballot problems, alt. language problems, incomplete/wrong ballots </li></ul><ul><li>Memory cards are ballot boxes </li></ul><ul><li>Full-face: buttons can fail, cast vote button </li></ul><ul><li>Paperless: may lose votes, error messages are important </li></ul>
  14. 14. Problems (DREs w/ VVPAT) <ul><li>People do not examine VVPATs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any privacy guard, etc. should be off by default </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Printers can jam, misrecord, damage VVPAT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Certain systems allow votes to be cast even though there are paper problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loading paper wrong can mean no VVPAT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chain of custody problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paper records can be official records </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Problems (BMDs) <ul><li>Newer, can be a bit more raw </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can crash, may take 10 mins. to reboot </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ballots can be different size than opscan in precinct. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ballots can be counted at another time. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keypad problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports of AutoMARK keypads being bad </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Problems (Reg. Systems) <ul><li>Crashes, reboots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maryland had problems with syncing and frequent crashes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>With DESI e-pollbook, use the mouse, not the touchscreen. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Voter not on rolls, already voted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May have to vote provisionally. </li></ul></ul>

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