Drug identification and behavioral ill effects


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Drug identification and behavioral ill effects

  1. 1. Drug Identification & Behavioral Ill-Effects
  2. 2. <ul><li>Majority of the patients were within the 15-29 age groups </li></ul><ul><li>The mean age is 27 years old </li></ul><ul><li>The ratio of male to female is 14:1 </li></ul><ul><li>Majority are workers/employees </li></ul><ul><li>Drugs are first introduced at age 15-19 </li></ul><ul><li>Almost 70% cited friends as their major source </li></ul><ul><li>Most are mono-drug users (shabu) </li></ul>DRUG DEPENDENT'S PROFILE
  3. 3. <ul><li>A drug is a chemical substance that brings about physical, emotional or behavioral change in a person taking it. </li></ul>WHAT IS DRUGS <ul><li>Is any substance other than food or water that is intended to be taken or administered for the purpose of altering, sustaining or controlling the recipients physical, mental or emotional state. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 1. Tablets 2. Capsules 3. Syrup/Liquid 4. Plant 5. Cigarette 6. Powder 7. Crystals Drugs maybe in different forms:
  5. 5. <ul><li>INGESTION </li></ul><ul><li>INHALATION </li></ul><ul><li>INJECTION </li></ul><ul><li>Used as suppository or applied topically </li></ul>How are drugs taken
  6. 6. <ul><li>Most drugs are taken orally. When a drug is swallowed it goes to the stomach, absorbed by the small intestines and into the blood for circulation. </li></ul>INGESTION
  7. 7. <ul><li>Inhaled drugs enter the bloodstream through the capillaries of the lungs. </li></ul>INHALATION
  8. 8. <ul><li>When a drug is injected into a vein it travels directly to the heart and circulate throughout the system. </li></ul>INJECTION
  9. 9. <ul><li>Is the use of any substance, licit or illicit, which results in an individuals physical, mental, emotional or social impairments. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the use or consumption without medical authorization of medically useful drugs which alter mood and behavior. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the use of drugs and substance for a purpose different from the one for which it has been prescribed. </li></ul>WHAT IS DRUG ABUSE
  11. 11. <ul><li>Scientific Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Methamphetamine Hydrochloride </li></ul><ul><li>Street / Slang Names: </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Man’s Cocaine, Meth, Ice, Speed, Shabs, “S”, Shasha, Ubas, Bato, Tobats, Siopao, Splash, Items, etc. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Scientific Name: </li></ul><ul><li>Cannabis Sativa (Plants) Tetrahydrocannabinol (Process) </li></ul><ul><li>Street / Slang Names </li></ul><ul><li>Mary Jane , MJ, Flower, Doodie, Pampapogi, Brownies, Damo, Pot, Tea, Joint, Dope, Jutes, Chongki, Weed, Ganja, Hushies, etc. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Scientific Name: </li></ul><ul><li>3-4 MethyleneDioxyMethAmphetamine </li></ul><ul><li>or MDMA </li></ul><ul><li>Street / Slang Names </li></ul><ul><li>Designers Drug, X, XTC, Rave, E, Eckie, Love Drug, Flying Saucer, LBD or Libido, Jagged Little Pill, Adam, Eve, Artist Drug, Hug Drug, MDA, MDEA, Love Doves, Disco Biscuit, etc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. PROHIBITED - not legally sold unless authorized by competent authority. (Ex. Heroin, Marijuana, Cocaine, Opium) REGULATED - sold with prescription. (Ex. Amphetamine, Nubain) Note: Under the new Drug Law (R.A. 9165) both categories are considered as Dangerous Drugs. Categories of Dangerous Drugs
  18. 18. A. ORIGIN <ul><li>Natural - anything that comes from nature. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Plants (Marijuana) and Animals (Snake venom - snakebites) </li></ul><ul><li>Synthetic - anything that is produced artificially or processed in the laboratory. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. Shabu </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>INHALANTS </li></ul><ul><li>NARCOTICS </li></ul><ul><li>STIMULANTS </li></ul><ul><li>DEPRESSANTS </li></ul><ul><li>HALLUCINOGENS </li></ul>Kinds of Drugs According to Effects:
  20. 20. <ul><li>Volatile chemical substances that contain psycho-active (mind/mood altering) vapors to produce a state of intoxication. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: Glue and Adhesive Cement / Rugby / Super Glue / Thinner </li></ul>1. Inhalants
  21. 21. <ul><li>Any liquid, solid or mixed substances having the property of releasing toxic vapors or fumes containing one or more of the following chemical compounds: </li></ul><ul><li>Methanol, ethanol, iso-propanol, ethyl acetate, etc. </li></ul>Volatile Substances
  22. 22. <ul><li>Sudden death, presumably from cardiac arrest.  </li></ul><ul><li>Suffocation & Asphyxia </li></ul><ul><li>Visual hallucinations and severe mood swings  </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion/Disorientation </li></ul><ul><li>Distorted perception of time and distance </li></ul><ul><li>Slurred Speech </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea & Vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive behavior/violence </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease of loss of sense of smell  </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of memory </li></ul><ul><li>Hepatitis  </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle cramps & weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Irregular heartbeat  </li></ul><ul><li>Liver, lung, and kidney impairment  </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous system damage  </li></ul><ul><li>Dangerous chemical imbalances in the body </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary passing of urine and feces  </li></ul>IMMEDIATE EFFECTS DELAYED EFFECTS
  23. 23. 2. Narcotics <ul><li>The term narcotic, derived from the Greek word for stupor, originally referred to a variety of substances that induced sleep. </li></ul><ul><li>Also called OPIATES, which is medically used to relieve pain. </li></ul><ul><li>When abused it causes insensibility, stupor, and dullness of mind with delusions. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ex: Cough syrups, Opium, Cocaine, Morphine, Heroine) </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea & vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>For every large dosage; cannot be awakened; </li></ul><ul><li>Smaller Pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Cold, moist and bluish skin </li></ul><ul><li>Slowed down breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul>WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME <ul><li>Uneasiness </li></ul><ul><li>Diarrhea </li></ul><ul><li>Abdominal cramps </li></ul><ul><li>Chills </li></ul><ul><li>Sweating </li></ul><ul><li>Nausea </li></ul><ul><li>Runny nose and eyes </li></ul>IMMEDIATE EFFECTS
  25. 25. 3. Stimulants <ul><li>(also known as “uppers”) </li></ul><ul><li>Any of a group of drugs that excite the central nervous system, in which increase alertness, alleviate fatigue, reduce hunger and provide a feeling of well being. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ex. Cocaine / Amphetamine i.e. SHABU) </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Dilated pupils </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in blood pressure / Heart rate / Breathing rate / Body Temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Involuntary muscle twitching </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of well being </li></ul><ul><li>Feels energetic/alert </li></ul><ul><li>Less hunger </li></ul><ul><li>Slurred speech </li></ul>IMMEDIATE EFFECTS
  27. 27. <ul><li>also called as “downers” or “barbs” </li></ul><ul><li>any drug or chemical that decreases the activity of any bodily function. The term most often is used to refer to drugs that reduce the activity of the central nervous system </li></ul><ul><li>(Ex: Sedatives / Sleeping Pills / Tranquilizers) </li></ul>4. Depressants
  28. 28. <ul><li>Small doses: calmness and relaxation </li></ul><ul><li>Large doses: slurred speech, staggering, poor judgment, slow body movements & uncertain reflexes. </li></ul><ul><li>Overdose: unconsciousness/DEATH </li></ul>IMMEDIATE EFFECTS WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME <ul><li>Psychosis </li></ul><ul><li>Restlessness </li></ul><ul><li>Irritability/anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>Sleeplessness </li></ul><ul><li>Stuffy or running nose </li></ul><ul><li>Ulcerated mucous membrane of nose </li></ul><ul><li>Lung damage </li></ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul><ul><li>Slurred speech </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>(also called psychedelics) </li></ul><ul><li>First developed as appetite suppressant </li></ul><ul><li>any one of a large number of natural or synthetic psychoactive drugs that produce marked distortions of the senses and changes in perception. Drugs capable of provoking changes in sensation, thinking, self-awareness and emotion. Alteration of time and space perception and hallucination. </li></ul><ul><li>(Ex: MJ / LSD / Ecstasy / Ketamine / Talampunay) </li></ul>5. Hallucinogens
  30. 30. <ul><li>Hallucinations/illusions </li></ul><ul><li>Faster heart beat and pulse rate </li></ul><ul><li>Bloodshot Eye/blurred vision/Rapid Eye Movement (REM) </li></ul><ul><li>Dry mouth and throat </li></ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness/inability to think </li></ul><ul><li>Altered sense of time/ disorientation </li></ul><ul><li>Impaired reflexes coordination and concentration </li></ul><ul><li>Acute panic anxiety reaction </li></ul><ul><li>Appetite loss & sleeping problems (MDMA) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Food-trip” & sleepiness (MJ) </li></ul>IMMEDIATE EFFECTS <ul><li>Psychiatric consequences </li></ul><ul><li>Severe irritation of the nasal passages that they may become prone to frequent nose bleed </li></ul><ul><li>Renal damage heart disease and strokes </li></ul><ul><li>Injecting MDMA from contaminated needles may lead to risk of infections resulting in inflammation of the blood vessels, infection of the heart valves, blood poisoning and AIDS all of which can lead to death. </li></ul>LONG TERM EFFECTS
  31. 31. THE EFFECT OF DRUGS TO Normal Brain Affected Brain HUMAN BRAIN
  32. 33. Cross-Section of a Drug Affected Human Brain
  33. 34. How to Spot a Drug Users
  34. 35. General Signs <ul><li>Wearing sunglasses at inappropriate times to hide dilated or constricted pupils, or bloodshot eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Found in old places like closets and storage. </li></ul><ul><li>Intoxication and drunkenness. </li></ul><ul><li>Aggressive behavior or drowsiness. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of concentration. </li></ul><ul><li>Scars on arms and body. </li></ul><ul><li>Antisocial, very low morals. </li></ul><ul><li>Nasal secretion and watering eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme cheerfulness and exhilaration. </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme restlessness and irritability. </li></ul>
  35. 36. Ecstasy Users
  36. 37. slides,
  37. 39. Birth Defect called “Acro Syndactily Yours”
  38. 40. Defect cause by smoking Marijuana
  39. 41. Defect cause by smoking Marijuana
  40. 42. Parents who are heavy users of LSD and Marijuana are likely to produce children with Hydrocephalus (Big, Watery Head)
  42. 45. Family Problems
  43. 46. Lack of Parental Guidance
  44. 47. Peer Pressure/Curiosity
  45. 48. Boredom, Frustration
  46. 49. Weak Personality, Desire to Escape From Reality
  47. 50. Common Signs of Drug Abuse
  48. 51. Before After Changes in Behavior
  49. 52. Change from normal capabilities (work habits, efficiency, etc.) Change in attendance at work or school
  50. 53. Stealing items which can be readily sold for cash (to support a drug habit)
  51. 54. Association with known drug abusers
  52. 55. Before After Changes in Mood
  53. 56. Changes in Mood – depending on the drug taken. Example: depressed or becoming elated and euphoric.
  54. 57. Before After Changes in Appearance
  55. 58. Injection Marks of an Addict Unusual effort made to cover arms in order to hide needle marks
  56. 59. Wearing sunglasses constantly at inappropriate times (for instance, indoors or at night) or only to hide dilated or constricted pupils but also to compensate for the eyes’ inability to adjust to sunlight. Marijuana causes bloodshot eyes.
  57. 60. Poor physical appearance, including inattention to dress and personal hygiene
  58. 61. Thank You and Have a Nice Day!!!