Windows Deployment Tools And Methodologies


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Accompanying webcast at Demonstrations of how to deploy Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 using free technologies from Microsoft

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Windows Deployment Tools And Methodologies

  1. 1. Deployment Tools and Methodologies<br />
  2. 2. Agenda<br />Springboard<br />Requirements<br />Upgrades VS Clean Installations<br />Windows Automated Installation Kit<br />Windows Deployment Services<br />Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010<br />Putting It All Together<br />Zero Touch with Configuration Manager 2007<br />
  3. 3. Who Am I?<br />Aidan Finn<br />Microsoft Valued Professional<br />2008: Configuration Manager<br />2009: Virtualisation – Systems Administration<br />A member of Springboard STEP<br />Irish Windows User Group Leader<br />Contributing Author: Mastering Windows Server 2008 R2, February 2010, Sybex/Wiley<br />Blog at<br />Systems and Infrastructure Manager: C Infinity<br />
  4. 4. Goal Of This Session<br />Demo, Demo, Demo!<br />Minimal number of slides<br />I want to show you how:<br />We deployed Windows 7 in the community launches<br />To use the free deployment tools<br />You can put the tools together<br />Do this for yourself in your test and development labs<br />The techniques work for both Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2<br />
  5. 5. Springboard<br />Microsoft TechNet program<br /><br />@MSSpringboard<br />Learn and share:<br />Discover<br />Explore<br />Pilot<br />Deploy<br />Manage<br />
  6. 6. Windows 7 Requirements<br />1GHz Processor<br />1GB RAM 32-bit OS<br />2GB RAM 64-bit OS<br />16GB Disk 32-bit OS<br />20GB Disk 64-bit OS<br />DirectX 9 Graphics Card with WDDM 1.0 +<br />
  7. 7. Upgrade VS Clean<br />Upgrade is the quickest<br />However it means we inherit problems<br />Clean installation strongly recommended<br />You can upgrade from Vista to Windows 7<br />You cannot upgrade from XP to Windows 7<br />User State Migration Toolkit<br />File and Settings Transfer Wizard<br />You cannot upgrade from 32-bit to 64-bit or vice versa<br />
  8. 8. The Basics<br />We use Windows PE (Pre Installation Environment) to install Windows<br />Stripped down version of windows for installations/repair<br />Microsoft uses WIM images for WinPE and installation images<br />File based<br />WIM capable of storing many images<br />Unattended installation answers all the usual questions<br />
  9. 9. 7 Passes<br />Windows installations go through 7 passes:<br />windowsPE: Setup environment<br />offlineServicing: Apply updates<br />specialize: System specifics<br />generalize: If you run sysprep /generalize<br />auditSystem: If you boot to Audit mode<br />auditUser: If you boot to Audit mode<br />oobeSystem: Before Windows Welcome starts<br />
  10. 10. WAIK<br />Windows Automated Installation Kit for Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2<br />Create unattended answer files<br />Create, mount and customise Windows PE images<br />Free download – best to search for the latest version<br />1.6GB ISO<br />
  11. 11. My Demo Lab<br />
  12. 12. Demo of WAIK<br />Browse through WAIK<br />Mount an installation image<br />Create an unattended answer file for Windows 7<br />Perform an unattended installation of Windows 7 using removable storage<br />
  13. 13. Wrapping Up WAIK<br />DISM.EXE is a command line tool for:<br />Mounting WIM images<br />Customising WIM images<br />Get a complete Windows 7 unattended answer file:<br />Lots of built in documentation<br />
  14. 14. WDS<br />Windows Deployment Services<br />In Windows Server since W2003 SP2<br />Network based image deployment solution<br />Based on BOOTP: a broadcast based network protocol<br />Requires DHCP<br />Multi VLAN networks require planning<br />
  15. 15. WDS Improvements<br />Windows Server 2008 R2 offers:<br />Easy driver additions via the GUI<br />Multi-speed multicast image deployment<br />Did I mention WDS is free unlike other image solutions?<br />
  16. 16. How WDS Works<br />Deployment Server<br />DHCP<br />Server<br />
  17. 17. WDS Demo<br />Setting up WDS<br />Adding a boot image<br />Adding a capture image<br />Adding drivers<br />Capturing a template image<br />Deploying an image<br />
  18. 18. Wrapping Up WDS<br />Use DHCP relays in multi-VLAN networks<br />Point to DHCP Server(s)<br />Point to WDS Server<br />Common problem & solution: WDS server is not authorised DHCP server<br />Re-authorise it in DHCP console<br />We can deploy an image but what if we want to do more than that?<br />
  19. 19. MDT 2010<br />Microsoft Deployment Toolkit 2010<br />File share based image deployment solution<br />Uses a task sequence<br />A set of predefined and scripted steps<br />You can run any command line step<br />For example: user state capture and restore<br />For example: custom scripts such as Server Manager script<br />Excellent documentation<br />Built in task sequences for image capture and OS replacement with user state capture & restore<br />
  20. 20. MDT Demo<br />Set up a deployment share<br />Add images, drivers, applications and updates<br />Create a capture task sequence<br />Create and customise deploy task sequence<br />Add rules to the deployment share<br />Upgrade an XP PC while retaining the user state<br />Discuss using multiple deployment shares<br />
  21. 21. Zero Touch Deployment<br />MDT 2010 gives us a “light touch” deployment<br />Excellent for small and medium enterprises<br />Configuration Manager 2007/2007 R2 provide the ability for zero touch:<br />Deploy images from a central location in the enterprise<br />Get reports on progress, success and failures<br />Service Pack 2 for complete Windows 7 support<br />Available at “RTM plus 90 days”, i.e. any day now<br />
  22. 22. Putting It All Together<br />WAIK to build unattended answer files to customise your installations<br />WDS to deploy boot images and OS images<br />MDT to deploy operating systems using task sequences<br />ConfigMgr for zero touch deployment with reporting<br />
  23. 23. General Advice<br />Plan<br />Microsoft Assessment and Planning Toolkits<br />Build a lab<br />Virtualisation (Hyper-V) at first<br />Get sample physical machines when technology is ready<br />Communicate<br />Pilot<br />“Dogfood” it, find IT friendly users, variety of hardware<br />
  24. 24. Links<br />Irish Windows User Group:<br />Springboard:<br />My blog:<br />My MDT 2010 guide:<br />The Windows User Group:<br />
  25. 25. Thank You!<br />Please complete your online surveys to provide feedback on this session to Microsoft<br /><br />There will be lots more Windows 7 and Server 2008 R2 in 2010<br />