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Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
Chapter 9 Training
Objectives <ul><li>Identify the personnel and positions that make up a training bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the need...
Objectives (con’t.) <ul><li>Explain how skills are developed </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the importance of skills maintenanc...
Introduction <ul><li>In most firefighter fatalities, common denominators are identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine writ...
Training Bureau <ul><li>Teaches you to do your job safely and efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>You are ultimately responsible...
Personnel <ul><li>Provide flexible planning and scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate resources </li></ul><ul><li>Resear...
Personnel (con’t.) <ul><li>Present concepts and ideas (see Figure 9-1) </li></ul><ul><li>Must have positive attitude towar...
Training Chief <ul><li>Is usually chief officer </li></ul><ul><li>Provides unity of command </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as poin...
Company Officers <ul><li>Act as training officers </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and coordinate programs </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluat...
Instructors <ul><li>Can be from inside or outside department </li></ul><ul><li>Subject matter experts </li></ul><ul><li>NF...
A/V Technician <ul><li>Plans and produces training aids and department-specific materials </li></ul><ul><li>Is cost effect...
Light Duty <ul><li>For personnel who are restricted from active duty because of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Allows department...
Interagency <ul><li>Agencies working together need to train together to learn each other’s operations </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
Ambulance Companies <ul><li>Provide joint training in equipment setup and extrication </li></ul><ul><li>Allow firefighters...
Training Facilities <ul><li>Can be improvised </li></ul><ul><li>Classrooms are a necessity </li></ul><ul><li>Parking struc...
Training Facilities (con’t.) <ul><li>Training can be done during preplans </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke generators </li></ul><ul...
Off-Site Training <ul><li>Can occur in numerous locations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire prevention inspections </li></ul></ul...
Purpose and Importance  of Training <ul><li>Change behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Learn proper use of equipment </li></ul><ul>...
Technical Training <ul><li>Training in facts and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Technical subjects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistr...
Technical Training (con’t.) <ul><li>Understand extinguishing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to use the incident comman...
Manipulative Training <ul><li>Training in the use of tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under stress, you will perform as you hav...
Determining Adequate Levels  of Training <ul><li>Questions to ask </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the job being done safely? </li...
Performance Standards <ul><li>Performed within time and safety guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Performed with a minimum of er...
Skills Development and Skills Maintenance <ul><li>Master basic tasks quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Once mastery is achieved wi...
Skills Assessment <ul><li>Technical testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written and verbal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manipulative t...
Standard Operating Procedures <ul><li>Help achieve unity and coordination in operations </li></ul><ul><li>Apply to many fu...
Training Records <ul><li>Maintained regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Lists completed training (may be requested  in a lawsuit) ...
Relationship of Training to   Incident Effectiveness <ul><li>Overall purpose of performance is incident effectiveness </li...
Required Training <ul><li>Federal requirements  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazardous materials training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Training Safety <ul><li>In training, safety is of the utmost importance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Realism should not compromis...
<ul><li>Firefighters first master the basics and then learn to respond to more complex situations </li></ul><ul><li>As a f...
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Chapter 09

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Chapter 09

  1. 1. Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
  2. 2. Chapter 9 Training
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Identify the personnel and positions that make up a training bureau </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the need for training in the fire service </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the difference between technical and manipulative training </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how adequate level of training is determined </li></ul><ul><li>Describe how performance standards are determined </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives (con’t.) <ul><li>Explain how skills are developed </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the importance of skills maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how training level applies to incident effectiveness </li></ul><ul><li>List areas in which firefighters require training </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>In most firefighter fatalities, common denominators are identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine written reports to prevent future fatalities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Constant innovations in firefighting lead to more efficiency and safety </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training in new techniques should be a career-long commitment </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Training Bureau <ul><li>Teaches you to do your job safely and efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>You are ultimately responsible for your own safety and education </li></ul><ul><li>Staff function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More productive work time in office </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operations function </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can assess needs more accurately on-site </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Personnel <ul><li>Provide flexible planning and scheduling </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate resources </li></ul><ul><li>Research and develop information </li></ul><ul><li>Require good communications skills </li></ul><ul><li>Create course outlines and lesson plans </li></ul>
  8. 8. Personnel (con’t.) <ul><li>Present concepts and ideas (see Figure 9-1) </li></ul><ul><li>Must have positive attitude toward the importance of training </li></ul><ul><li>Must have wide background of experience </li></ul><ul><li>Have the ability to change the department </li></ul><ul><li>Credibility is key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work is seen by the whole department </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Training Chief <ul><li>Is usually chief officer </li></ul><ul><li>Provides unity of command </li></ul><ul><li>Acts as point of contact for upper ranks </li></ul><ul><li>Prioritizes demands </li></ul><ul><li>May be liaison to local colleges </li></ul>
  10. 10. Company Officers <ul><li>Act as training officers </li></ul><ul><li>Plan and coordinate programs </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate others </li></ul><ul><li>May aid promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Depend on cooperation of operations personnel </li></ul>
  11. 11. Instructors <ul><li>Can be from inside or outside department </li></ul><ul><li>Subject matter experts </li></ul><ul><li>NFA instructors teach all over the country </li></ul><ul><li>Instructors are made, not born </li></ul>
  12. 12. A/V Technician <ul><li>Plans and produces training aids and department-specific materials </li></ul><ul><li>Is cost effective </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps companies in their response areas </li></ul><ul><li>Speeds up dissemination of information </li></ul>
  13. 13. Light Duty <ul><li>For personnel who are restricted from active duty because of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Allows department to recover expenses from paid injury leave </li></ul><ul><li>Exposes firefighters to training and staff duties </li></ul>
  14. 14. Interagency <ul><li>Agencies working together need to train together to learn each other’s operations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be between federal, state, local, or private sector </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Addresses problems/issues before incidents </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes includes joint recruit training academies </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ambulance Companies <ul><li>Provide joint training in equipment setup and extrication </li></ul><ul><li>Allow firefighters to go to paramedic school and base meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in training firefighters to work with air ambulances </li></ul>
  16. 16. Training Facilities <ul><li>Can be improvised </li></ul><ul><li>Classrooms are a necessity </li></ul><ul><li>Parking structure can be used as drill tower </li></ul><ul><li>Props are expensive </li></ul><ul><li>Sites require preparation </li></ul>
  17. 17. Training Facilities (con’t.) <ul><li>Training can be done during preplans </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke generators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safe, clean smoke </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can smoke up different structures </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ARFF training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires special knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Airport operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communications with control tower </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Off-Site Training <ul><li>Can occur in numerous locations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire prevention inspections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving around first-in area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wildland fire training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-rise structures under construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pre-plan inspections of high-hazard occupancies (see Figure 9-5) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ships and aircraft </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil refineries </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Purpose and Importance of Training <ul><li>Change behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Learn proper use of equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Perform safely </li></ul><ul><li>Develop safety attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Develop command presence </li></ul>
  20. 20. Technical Training <ul><li>Training in facts and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Technical subjects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hydraulic calculations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building construction </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Technical Training (con’t.) <ul><li>Understand extinguishing systems </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to use the incident command system </li></ul><ul><li>Learn the design limitations of your equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Price of failure is too great </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceeding limitations can lead to injury or death </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Manipulative Training <ul><li>Training in the use of tools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Under stress, you will perform as you have practiced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts out simple with one tool at a time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progresses to multiple tools under stressful conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should be realistic, but within safety guidelines </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Determining Adequate Levels of Training <ul><li>Questions to ask </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the job being done safely? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can the job be performed under realistic conditions? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How complex is the job? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How often is the job performed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How important is the job? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is the job mandated by law? </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Performance Standards <ul><li>Performed within time and safety guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Performed with a minimum of errors </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptable percentage of error varies with material </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of form numbers: 30% error may be acceptable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety: 0% error is acceptable </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Skills Development and Skills Maintenance <ul><li>Master basic tasks quickly </li></ul><ul><li>Once mastery is achieved with low level skills, move on to more difficult skills </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to apply technical, manipulative, and decision making skills to more complicated situations </li></ul><ul><li>Once learned, skills must be practiced </li></ul>
  26. 26. Skills Assessment <ul><li>Technical testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Written and verbal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manipulative testing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Completion of all steps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Proficiency and efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoothness of operation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination of groups </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Standard Operating Procedures <ul><li>Help achieve unity and coordination in operations </li></ul><ul><li>Apply to many functional areas </li></ul><ul><li>Increase proficiency and efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce radio traffic </li></ul>
  28. 28. Training Records <ul><li>Maintained regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Lists completed training (may be requested in a lawsuit) </li></ul><ul><li>Can be reviewed to assess needs </li></ul><ul><li>Used for apprenticeship program cost reimbursement </li></ul>
  29. 29. Relationship of Training to Incident Effectiveness <ul><li>Overall purpose of performance is incident effectiveness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Training to achieve safe and efficient performance of operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not possible to save every life or put out every fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training focuses on minimum loss and injury </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Required Training <ul><li>Federal requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hazardous materials training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aircraft firefighting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FRO personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighting personnel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Live drill every 12 months </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>State and local requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency medical services </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Training Safety <ul><li>In training, safety is of the utmost importance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Realism should not compromise safety </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common injury types </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Falls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Being struck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overexertion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CO poisoning </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Firefighters first master the basics and then learn to respond to more complex situations </li></ul><ul><li>As a firefighter’s career progresses, the need for learning never stops </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion adds responsibility of training subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel who respond together should train together </li></ul><ul><li>Safety is an essential aspect of training </li></ul>Summary

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