Chapter 02


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Chapter 02

  1. 1. Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
  2. 2. Chapter 2 Fire Protection Career Opportunities
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Identify fire protection jobs in the public and private fire service </li></ul><ul><li>List duties and requirements of firefighter trainee and firefighter </li></ul><ul><li>List duties and requirements of firefighter/paramedic </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives (con’t.) <ul><li>List duties and requirements of the position of fire heavy equipment operator </li></ul><ul><li>List duties and requirements of the position of firefighter forestry aid </li></ul><ul><li>Give examples of fire service jobs other than firefighter </li></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>Fire protection jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighter and non-firefighter positions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public and private sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promotions available with advanced training </li></ul>
  6. 6. Public Fire Protection Careers <ul><li>Firefighter jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighter trainee - fire department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighter - fire department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighter - fire department federal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighter paramedic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire heavy equipment operator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forestry aid </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Firefighter Trainee - Fire Department <ul><li>Less pay and fewer benefits than regular firefighter </li></ul><ul><li>Works under close supervision in a learning capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Attends drills and classes </li></ul><ul><li>May operate equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted to probationary status after specified time and completion of training </li></ul>
  8. 8. Firefighter - Fire Department <ul><li>Standard entry level position </li></ul><ul><li>Responds to fire alarms and other emergency calls </li></ul><ul><li>Assists in equipment maintenance </li></ul><ul><li>Administers first aid </li></ul><ul><li>May act as relief for driver/operator or company officer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can test for these positions after meeting prerequisites </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Firefighter - Fire Department Federal <ul><li>Works at federal installations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly at military bases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job description, requirements, and promotional opportunities much like firefighter fire department municipal </li></ul>
  10. 10. Firefighter Paramedic <ul><li>Requires advanced medical training </li></ul><ul><li>Has increased medical responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Responds in ambulance or special squad vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>May include pay incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Provides opportunity for lateral transfer to another department </li></ul>
  11. 11. Figure 2-2 Firefighter paramedic checking infant for injuries
  12. 12. Fire Heavy Equipment Operator <ul><li>Works primarily in departments that provide fire protection in wildland areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mostly in southwestern United States </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Operates bulldozers and other heavy equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Constructs and maintains fire breaks and roads </li></ul><ul><li>Usually a one-class position </li></ul>
  13. 14. Safety Section Retirement <ul><li>Provided for extremely dangerous and stressful occupations </li></ul><ul><li>Primarily includes fire and police </li></ul><ul><li>Includes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher levels of benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher percentage at retirement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>20 vs 30 yr. retirement </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture Forest Service U.S. Dept. of the interior , BLM , and U.S. Park Service
  15. 16. Firefighter (Forestry Aid) Wildland GS3 <ul><li>Seasonal jobs for entry level personnel </li></ul><ul><li>- advanced trainee wildland fire suppresion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summer job for many college students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On the job training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Works in forest environment, often in extreme conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Learns fuel management and fire suppression techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Performs resource management tasks </li></ul><ul><li>Can lead to more specialized positions </li></ul>
  16. 17. Tasks <ul><li>Fire line construction </li></ul><ul><li>Fire extinguishment </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribed burns </li></ul><ul><li>Other resource management tasks i.e. recreation, reforestation </li></ul>
  17. 18. Promotional Opportunities <ul><li>Firefighter </li></ul><ul><li>Helitack Crew </li></ul><ul><li>Smoke Jumper </li></ul><ul><li>Fire prevention Tech. </li></ul><ul><li>Engine Operator </li></ul>
  18. 19. More Public Fire Protection Careers <ul><li>Non-firefighting jobs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire prevention specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire hazardous materials program specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire department training specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public fire safety/Education specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dispatcher/Telecommunicator </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Fire Prevention Specialist <ul><li>Requires knowledge of codes and ordinances </li></ul><ul><li>Performs routine field checks of fire prevention systems </li></ul><ul><li>Assists in inspections and gathering statistical data </li></ul><ul><li>Writes reports and assists in record keeping </li></ul><ul><li>Provides hazardous materials disclosure information </li></ul>
  20. 21. Fire Hazardous Materials Program Specialist <ul><li>Requires chemistry or related degree </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluates potential hazards of unused hazards and related materials </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzes and maintains inventory of hazardous materials </li></ul><ul><li>Serves as technical advisor to fire department </li></ul><ul><li>Interprets laws and provides information to emergency personnel and the public </li></ul>
  21. 22. Fire Department Training Specialist <ul><li>Requires education in instruction and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Plans, develops, and produces training, information, and educational materials </li></ul><ul><li>Presents training programs to fire department and general public </li></ul><ul><li>Reviews training programs, standard operating procedures, and member ability </li></ul><ul><li>Researches and recommends new programs </li></ul>
  22. 23. Public Fire Safety/Education Specialist <ul><li>Ability to teach all age groups (see Figure 2-8) </li></ul><ul><li>Provides public education within the community for all aspects of fire safety </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinates community programs </li></ul><ul><li>Organizes fund-raising activities </li></ul>
  23. 24. Dispatcher / Telecommunicator <ul><li>Requires computer knowledge, typing proficiency, and communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighter position in some departments </li></ul><ul><li>Receives calls and dispatches equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Deals with emergency and non-emergency calls </li></ul><ul><li>May be trained in Emergency Medical Dispatch </li></ul>
  24. 25. Private Fire Protection Careers <ul><li>Firefighter </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance companies representative </li></ul><ul><li>Industry </li></ul><ul><li>Fire protection systems engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Fire protection system maintenance specialist </li></ul><ul><li>Inventors </li></ul>
  25. 26. Firefighter <ul><li>Plant protection for industrial facilities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Northrop Grumman </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wildland firefighting companies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide apparatus and crews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May also deal with structural protection and hazardous materials </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Insurance Companies <ul><li>Require fire technology personnel in loss prevention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency plan developers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Claims adjusters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigators </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Industry <ul><li>Employs firefighters, loss prevention specialists, and safety consultants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspect properties for fire and other hazards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop and present employee training programs </li></ul></ul>
  28. 29. Fire Protection Systems Engineer <ul><li>Requires advanced degree </li></ul><ul><li>Designs fire protection systems </li></ul><ul><li>Plans the installation of systems </li></ul><ul><li>Designs specialized systems for system operations </li></ul>
  29. 30. Fire Protection System Maintenance Specialist <ul><li>Sells, installs, and maintains fire protection equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Services fire extinguishers annually </li></ul><ul><li>Inspects and maintains fixed protection systems and equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprinklers; systems to protect computer rooms, etc. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 31. Invention and Innovation <ul><li>Firefighters respond to need for new tools and techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>George Smith (FDNY) invented fire hydrant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward Pulaski (USFS) invented Pulaski tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighters developed FIRESCOPE Incident Command System (see Chapter 13) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captain Scott Park aided in development of Searchcam tool </li></ul></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>Fire technology degrees provide opportunities in public and private sectors </li></ul><ul><li>There is stiff competition for firefighter positions </li></ul><ul><li>Education and experience are assets </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighting requires a wide range of specialties to perform duties </li></ul><ul><li>Can work in a related field if medical requirements are not met </li></ul>Summary