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Chapter 01

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Chapter 01

  1. 1. Introduction to Fire Protection 3rd Edition
  2. 2. Chapter 1 Fire Technology Education and the Firefighter Selection Process
  3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Explain the differences between a community college certificate, an associate degree, and a four-year degree in fire technology </li></ul><ul><li>List the advantages of obtaining a certificate or degree </li></ul><ul><li>Assess your career potential in the fire service </li></ul><ul><li>Give examples of work ethics </li></ul>
  4. 4. Objectives (con’t.) <ul><li>Explain the need for sensitivity to diversity inside and outside the workplace </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the different levels and availability of training programs </li></ul><ul><li>Give examples of different types of personnel development programs </li></ul><ul><li>List the steps in the selection process and important aspects of each </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objectives (con’t.) <ul><li>List ways you can prepare for the selection process </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the purpose and importance of the probationary period </li></ul><ul><li>Identify the steps in setting SMART goals </li></ul>
  6. 6. Introduction <ul><li>Firefighting technology curriculum involves technical training and manipulative training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For firefighter jobs and for non-firefighter jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Specifications of equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Necessary calculations to operate equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manipulative training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Operation of tools and equipment </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. College Fire Technology Programs <ul><li>Certificate programs – set number of accredited core courses and gen. ed. courses – no degree but an accumulated body of knowledge (most nontransferable) </li></ul><ul><li>Associate’s degree- schools differ </li></ul><ul><li>Bachelor’s degree – Several in the U.S- Cal. State (L.A), OK State, U. Maryland </li></ul><ul><li>On-site programs </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning programs </li></ul>
  8. 8. Bachelor degree programs <ul><li>California state L.A.- fire protection admin. </li></ul><ul><li>OK State-fire protection and safety Tech. including an internship program </li></ul><ul><li>U. Maryland- fire protection engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Northwood University Mich. – online degree in fire service management </li></ul><ul><li>Dept. Homeland security – online and regional </li></ul>
  9. 9. Purpose of Education <ul><li>Increasing chances for employment </li></ul><ul><li>Completion of probationary period </li></ul><ul><li>Professional development </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation for promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Pay incentives </li></ul>
  10. 10. FESHE <ul><li>Began with conference in 2000 (NFA) Produced the service related training curriculum. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire and Emergency Services Higher Education (FESHE) Professional Development for the Fire Service: Transforming to a National System </li></ul><ul><li>Attended by fire service leaders from across the country </li></ul><ul><li>Created experience-based model in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Integration of training and education </li></ul>
  11. 11. Core Curriculum for Associate Degrees <ul><li>Building Construction for Fire Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Behavior and Combustion </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Protection Hydraulics and Water Supply </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Protection Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Principles of Emergency Services </li></ul>
  12. 12. Noncore Courses <ul><li>Fire Administration I </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational Safety and Health </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Aspects of the Emergency Services </li></ul><ul><li>Hazardous Materials Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy and Tactics </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Investigation I </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Investigation II </li></ul>
  13. 13. Figure 1-1 National professional development model. (Courtesy of FEMA)
  14. 14. NFA Degree at a Distance Program (DDP) <ul><li>Advanced Fire Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Analytical Approaches to Public Fire Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Applications of Fire Research </li></ul><ul><li>Community and the Fire Threat </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster and Fire Defense Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Dynamics </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Prevention Organization and Management </li></ul><ul><li>Fire Protections Structures and Systems Design </li></ul>
  15. 15. NFA DDP (con’t.) <ul><li>Fire-Related Human Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Incendiary Fire Analysis and Investigation </li></ul><ul><li>Managerial Issues in Hazardous Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Management in the Fire Service </li></ul><ul><li>Political and Legal Foundations of Fire Protection </li></ul><ul><li>Upper level (bachelor) curriculum </li></ul>
  16. 16. Other College Programs <ul><li>Public administration (masters available) </li></ul><ul><li>Risk management </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial hygiene </li></ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul><ul><li>Emergency medicine </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighter certification </li></ul>
  17. 17. Career Potential Assessment <ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Team player </li></ul><ul><li>Preparation and adaptability </li></ul><ul><li>Job stress @ 100 killed every yr. High divorce rate, alcohol and drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Physical fitness @1/2 die of heart related illness </li></ul><ul><li>Are you ready? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Work Ethics and Human Relations <ul><li>Work environment </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul><ul><li>Dedication to duty </li></ul><ul><li>Accept hardships </li></ul><ul><li>Able to follow orders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No freelancing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive safety attitude </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Training Programs <ul><li>Pre-service training </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explorers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Volunteer firefighter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reserve/cadet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Emergency medical technician </li></ul><ul><li>Paramedic </li></ul>
  20. 20. Training Programs (con’t.) <ul><li>Find training at: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Local fire department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional organizations </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Training Programs (con’t.) <ul><li>In-service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Station/Battalion/Department </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Personnel Development Programs <ul><li>Preparing for promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighters as “generalists” </li></ul><ul><li>Firefighters as “specialists” </li></ul>
  23. 23. Selection Process <ul><li>Varies with jurisdiction </li></ul><ul><li>Begins with recruitment </li></ul><ul><li>May involve prerequisites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>High school diploma or GED </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Firefighter I </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Emergency medical technician (EMT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paramedic (EMTP) </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Selection Process (con’t.) <ul><li>Application process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advertisement of opening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notification services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Completion of application </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Written Examination <ul><li>Reading comprehension </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical aptitude </li></ul><ul><li>Weighing written vs. oral examination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note : Preparation texts are available </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Skills Test <ul><li>Tests for job-related mental ability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recalling facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Taking directions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpreting written and oral materials/instructions </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Oral Examination/Interview <ul><li>Evaluates: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Preparation is very important </li></ul>
  28. 28. Physical Ability/Agility <ul><li>CPAT </li></ul><ul><li>8 events pass/fail max time 10 min. 20 sec. </li></ul><ul><li>50 lb vest </li></ul><ul><li>85 ft walk between events ( 20 sec rest) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 1: stair climb additional 25 lbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 2: hose drag </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 3: equipment carry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 4: ladder raise and extension </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Physical Ability/Agility (con’t.) <ul><li>CPAT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 5: forcible entry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 6: search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 7: rescue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Event 8: ceiling breach and pull </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Physical Ability/Agility (con’t.) <ul><li>Firefighter Combat Challenge </li></ul><ul><li>Work capacity test for wildland firefighters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federal wildland firefighters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arduous fitness level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Applicant must carry a 45-pound pack three miles in 45 minutes or less </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equivalent to a pace of four miles per hour </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Background Investigation <ul><li>Personal information </li></ul><ul><li>Questionnaires to friends, relatives, coworkers, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Polygraph (lie detector test) </li></ul><ul><li>Final interview after successful completion </li></ul>
  32. 32. Medical Examination <ul><li>Good general physical condition free from defects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hearing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. <ul><li>Last step in selection process, lasting six months to a year </li></ul><ul><li>May contain goals and testing </li></ul><ul><li>Consists of final manipulative exam and final written exam </li></ul>Probationary Period
  34. 34. <ul><li>Must start with clearly defined goals </li></ul><ul><li>Requires both planning and hard work </li></ul><ul><li>Begin planning now </li></ul><ul><li>Hiring processes are competitive </li></ul>Goal Setting
  35. 35. <ul><li>SMART: Simple, Measurable, Accountable, Realistic, Timely </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write goals down as a personal contract </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Current actions have future implications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare for CPAT or other physical ability test </li></ul></ul>Goal Setting Process
  36. 36. <ul><li>Base goals on job requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Seek mentors </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t let failure stop you </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt and overcome </li></ul><ul><li>Celebrate success </li></ul>Goal Setting Process (con’t.)
  37. 37. <ul><li>Steps to achieving goals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visualize </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write them down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take action </li></ul></ul>Goal Setting Process (con’t.)
  38. 38. <ul><li>Process of becoming a firefighter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek fire service-related education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice for written/oral examinations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prepare for physical ability/agility tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meet medical requirements </li></ul></ul>Summary

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