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Cleven team of rivals ppt


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Cleven team of rivals ppt

  1. 1. “ The Ball Has Opened” Team of Rivals Chapter 13 Presented by Dr. Jody Cleven EDAM 5330 July 14, 2010
  2. 2. Previously in Team of Rivals <ul><li>Confederates fire the first shot </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attack on Fort Sumter </li></ul></ul><ul><li>War begins </li></ul><ul><li>The “Ball Has Opened” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Proclamation at the North <ul><li>Word of Sumter attack spreads quickly </li></ul><ul><li>The North is committed to sustaining the Government </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln issues a proclamation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Calls out state militia (75,000) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gets support from Stephen Douglas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ to preserve the union and maintain the government…” (pg. 348) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ lay aside his party bias” and “put down treason and traitors” (pg. 348) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Northern Response <ul><li>Response to the proclamation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every free state governor promised his quota of men </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriotic feelings high throughout the North </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rallies by Northern newspapers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Marches in support of the union </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>North underestimates the South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fred Steward predicts war over in 60 days </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South strong and determined </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. One Wore Blue and One Wore Grey <ul><li>….all on a beautiful morning </li></ul><ul><li>Let's Listen </li></ul>
  6. 6. Southern Response <ul><li>South is rejuvenated when Virginia secedes </li></ul><ul><li>NC, AK, TN follow </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln asks Robert E. Lee to command the Union Army </li></ul><ul><li>Lee refuses to fight against his “relatives, my children, my home.” (pg. 350) </li></ul><ul><li>Lee resigns commission in the Army </li></ul><ul><li>Later, Lee becomes commander of the Virginia state forces </li></ul>
  7. 7. Lincoln Faces Tough Decisions as He Works to Stabilize Union <ul><li>Stewart suggests that Southern ports be blockaded </li></ul><ul><li>Wells disagrees- blockade will acknowledge conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln backs blockade proposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Issues Blockade Proclamation on April 19 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Southern Navy Officers resign </li></ul><ul><li>Treason common </li></ul>
  8. 8. Learning from Hindsight <ul><li>Welles recommends that troops secure Norfolk Navy Yard before Sumter fell </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln refused so as not to not to provoke VA to leave Union </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity missed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confederacy took control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Union’s naval strength is weakened </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Resolve in Setback <ul><li>First promised troops (MA 6 th Regiment) set out for Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked by mob of successor on train </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First casualties of the war (4 soldiers and 9 civilians killed) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lincoln is concerned over public sentiment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The press is censored at the telegraph office to control public panic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secessionists cut telegraph wires anyway </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Washington loses all communication to the North </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panic in Washington (stores close, people flee hotels) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rioting in Baltimore </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>A Confederate attack on Washington is feared </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens see Confederate fires across river </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln’s children sent away </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln maintains his calm in public </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Virtue of Patience <ul><li>In private Lincoln filled with “gloom and doubt” (pg. 354) regarding eminent attack </li></ul><ul><li>Stares out window impatiently looking for promised Northern troops </li></ul><ul><li>Rioting in Baltimore continues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fears began that MD will succeed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cabinet advises Lincoln to “arrest the members of that body” (pg. 354) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lincoln declines saying it not “justifiable” (pg. 354) </li></ul><ul><li>Decision proves wise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD never succeeds (although riots continue for weeks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln rides out the storm </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Making Tough Decisions <ul><li>Lincoln offers protection for troops traveling to Washington by rail </li></ul><ul><li>Authorizes General Scott to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ arrest and detain, without resort to the ordinary processes and forms of law” (pg. 355) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Although liberties lessened; government will be stronger when conflict is over </li></ul><ul><li>Following protection of rail, 7 th Regiment of NY reach Washington </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowds enthused </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More regiments arrive (8,000 troops in Washington) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The presence of troops “lighten Lincoln’s mood” (pg. 355) </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Understanding the Bigger Picture <ul><li>Many citizens believed that the purpose of the war was to end slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln understood the bigger picture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectional Crisis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Whether in a free government the minority have the right to break up the government whenever they choose. If we fail it will go far to prove the incapability of the people to govern themselves.” (pg. 356) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Seeing Through the Eyes of Children <ul><li>Before the troops arrived in Washington Mrs. Lincoln’s tensions were high; but the children remained optimistic (the boys building a fort with a log cannon on the White House roof) </li></ul><ul><li>Some annoyed at children for interrupting cabinet meetings to invite the president and his guests to watch their plays in the attic </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln did not mind, and took “great pleasure in their fun.” (pg. 358) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Compassionate Leader <ul><li>May 24, 1861 </li></ul><ul><li>Elmer Ellsworth (family friend to the Lincoln’s) dies as he tries to capture a Confederate flag flying atop a hotel in Alexandria </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln writes a personal note of condolence to Ellsworth’s parents </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln distraught </li></ul>
  15. 15. Diplomatic Leader <ul><li>Cotton on ships and a Union blockade </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s look at what the bloggers said about this </li></ul>Jody's Class Blog
  16. 16. Building Alliances Where Needed <ul><li>Lincoln looks to Chase for plan to finance war </li></ul><ul><li>Chase agrees to help despite his lingering resentment over losing the presidency to Lincoln </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To dig, Chase sends Lincoln newspaper article that slams administration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lincoln ignores the “dig” as he knew he needed Chase’s full cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress not in session </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New tariffs/taxes can not be issued </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chase convinces banks to loan government the money </li></ul>
  17. 17. Cautious Leadership <ul><li>Cameron had difficult time getting limited supplies to troops in Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln knew that many disloyal people around that could not be trusted to manufacture weapons for the cause </li></ul><ul><li>Lincoln used only a small number of trusted individuals to help </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Was even able to enlist some without pay! </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Committed Leadership <ul><li>Lincoln needed solitude to draft an address to be delivered to congress on their return </li></ul><ul><li>He limited entry to the White House so that he could have peace to work </li></ul><ul><li>He worked long hours on the text </li></ul><ul><li>He ignored requests of good friends who called </li></ul>
  19. 19. Persuasive Leadership <ul><li>In the address Lincoln asked for manpower and money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>He promised it would be worth much as it would answer the show whether a democracy can survive </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ It presents to the whole family of man, the question, whether a constitutional republic or a democracy—a government of the people, by the same people—can, or cannot, maintain its territorial integrity, against its own domestic foes….” (pg. 367) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Socially Conscious Leader <ul><li>The argument in the address continues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is to “elevate the condition of men—to lift artificial weights from all shoulders” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress and most of the citizens responded positively </li></ul><ul><li>Gave more money than requested </li></ul><ul><li>Sent more troops than requested </li></ul>
  21. 21. More Tough Decisions to Face Without a Crystal Ball <ul><li>“ Forward to Richmond!” or chance declining morale? </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s look at what the bloggers said about this </li></ul><ul><li>Jody's Class Blog </li></ul>
  22. 22. A Leader that Stays the Course <ul><li>Mrs. Lincoln and children urged to leave Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Mary asks her husband to join them </li></ul><ul><li>“ Most assuredly I will not leave at this juncture” (pg. 373) </li></ul><ul><li>Mary refused to leave as well </li></ul>
  23. 23. Reflective Leadership: Using Lessons Learned <ul><li>Lincoln did not sleep the night after Bull Run </li></ul><ul><li>Drafts memo about the painful lessons learned into a “coherent future military policy” (pg. 373) </li></ul><ul><li>Calls for forces to be “constantly drilled, disciplined, and instructed” (pg. 373) </li></ul><ul><li>Proposes that troops nearing the end of their 3 month terms be allowed a speedy exit (morale) </li></ul><ul><li>Anticipates European reaction to the defeat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turns immediate attention to the blockade issue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Makes plans for three new advances </li></ul>
  24. 24. Enduring Leadership <ul><li>“…he endured that hour…that it did not conquer him—that he unflinchingly stemmed it, and resolved to lift himself and the Union out of it.” (pg. 374) </li></ul><ul><li>- Walt Whitman following the Battle of Bull Run </li></ul>
  25. 25. Public Relations at its Best <ul><li>A down Lincoln maintained a stoic public image </li></ul><ul><ul><li>listened to reports from the field of what went wrong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>told funny stories to provide comic relief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>visited regiments to raise spirits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lincoln addressed the troops </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commented on the lost battle but emphasized bright days yet to come </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed address with pledge to provide troops with all they needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Promised troops could call on him personally if they were wronged </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opinion of citizens in North reflected Lincoln’s firm resolve </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewed patriotism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thousands more volunteered for 3 years </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. “ The Ball Has Opened” <ul><li>The first major days of the Civil War were over; yet far worse was yet to come </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  27. 27. What Does This Have to do with School Leadership? (Student Learning Objectives) <ul><li>Characteristics of a successful principal (#5) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflective, persuasive, resolved, committed, diplomatic, global </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of principal as culturally responsive (#16) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Elevate the condition of men” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School as a community of leaders (#11) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building alliances (Cameron, Chase, Seward) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of training models for PD (#13) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Coherent future military policy” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>School as unit of change (#15) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sectional Crisis </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. When the “Ball Has Opened” at the School Dance….. <ul><li>Bring it. We’re ready. </li></ul>