Grammar book [[second semester]]

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Grammar book [[second semester]]

  1. 1. Grammar Book<br />Joya Luster<br />Period 3<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents <br />3. Conditional tense<br />4. Perfect tense<br />5. Present Perfect<br />6. Past Perfect<br />7. Present perfect irregulars<br />8. Subjunctive perfect<br />9. Tanto y Tan<br />10. Impersonal Se<br />11. Conocer & Saber<br />12. Formal commands<br />13. Affirmative commands<br />14. IOP/DOP Placement<br />15. Subjunctive<br />16. Impersonal<br />17. Expressions of emotions<br />18. Conjunctions of time<br />19. Demonstrative pronouns and adjectives <br />
  3. 3. Conditional Tense<br />
  4. 4. Perfect tense<br />
  5. 5. PresentPerfect<br />
  6. 6. Past Perfect<br />The past perfect is a compound tense, two verbs are required: the main verb and the auxiliary verb.<br />
  7. 7. PresentPerfect<br />Irregulars<br /><ul><li>Abrir- abierto
  8. 8. Cubrir- cubierto
  9. 9. Decir- dicho
  10. 10. Escribir- escrito
  11. 11. Hacer- hecho
  12. 12. Morir- muerto
  13. 13. Poner- puesto
  14. 14. Resolver- resuelto
  15. 15. Romper- roto
  16. 16. Ver- visto
  17. 17. Volver- vuelto
  18. 18. Ir -ido</li></li></ul><li>SubjuntivePerfect<br /><ul><li>Haber + past participle</li></ul>used when a verb or expression requiring the subjunctive in the main clause is in the present, future, or present perfect.<br />The present perfect subjunctive is used when the dependent clause is in the past.<br />Ex: Dudo que lo hayas hecho.<br />
  19. 19. Tanto y tan<br />
  20. 20. Impersonal Se<br />Use se toavoidspecifying a personwhoisdoingtheaction of theverb<br />Whenusing se, theverbisalways in the3rd person<br />Se can beused in all tenses<br />
  21. 21. Conocer and saber<br />Conocer<br />People, places, literature<br />Saber<br />Facts and information<br />
  22. 22. Formal (Ud./Uds.)<br />
  23. 23. Tú Affirmative<br />regular<br />Negative<br />
  24. 24. IOP/DOP Placement<br /><ul><li>Negative Commands
  25. 25. the object pronouns come before the imperative form of the verb
  26. 26. Ex: No lo compre.
  27. 27. If there are both direct and indirect object pronouns, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun.
  28. 28. Ex: No me lo compre.</li></ul>Commands<br />object pronouns are attached directly to the end of the imperative form of the verb<br />Ex: Cómpralo<br />If both direct and indirect object pronouns are attached, the indirect object pronoun comes before the direct object pronoun<br />Ex: me cómpreloUd.= cómpremeloUd.<br />
  29. 29. Subjunctive <br />
  30. 30. Impersonal<br />
  31. 31. Expressions of Emotions<br />
  32. 32. Conjunctions of Time<br />take the indicative when the action in the subordinate clause is either habitual or in the past. The subjunctive is used when the main clause is a command or in the future<br />
  33. 33. DemonstrativeAdjectives and Pronouns<br />This; That; These; Those<br />EX:<br />Adjectives:<br />Este libroesfacil.<br />This book is easy.<br />Yoquieroestataza.<br />I want that cup<br />Pronouns<br />Yoquieroeste.<br />I want that.<br />¿Queesese?<br />What is that?<br />

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