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Building a Standpoints Web & Experiments with Library Linked Data


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Talk to VU Artificial Intelligence research group about my dissertation research building a standpoints web and the W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group.

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Building a Standpoints Web & Experiments with Library Linked Data

  1. 1. Building a Standpoints Web & Experiments with Library Linked Data Jodi Schneider WAI meeting, Vrije Universiteit 2011-11-28 Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  2. 2. W3C Library Linked Data Incubator Group
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  4. 4. Libraries connect to other data
  5. 5. The SemWeb community can help! <ul><li>Design and test user services based on Linked Data capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Create URIs for the items in library datasets </li></ul><ul><li>Develop policies for managing Linked Data vocabularies and their URIs </li></ul><ul><li>Express library data by re-using or mapping to existing Linked Data vocabularies </li></ul>
  6. 6. The library community can help <ul><li>Preserve Linked Data element sets and value vocabularies </li></ul><ul><li>Apply library experience in </li></ul><ul><li>curation and long-term preservation </li></ul><ul><li>to Linked Data datasets </li></ul>
  7. 7. Opportunities for joint work <ul><li>Standardization </li></ul><ul><li>Determining & documenting best practices </li></ul><ul><li>Scaling up </li></ul>
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  9. 9. <ul><li>Are libraries joining the Social Semantic Web? </li></ul>
  10. 10. +1 to fund this ebook
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  13. 13. Building a Standpoints Web
  14. 14. Overview <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Possible Uses of a Knowledge Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Concrete Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Some Current Directions </li></ul>
  15. 15. Problem <ul><li>The Web is full of opinions & commentary. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of it disagrees . </li></ul><ul><li>How do we learn from other people, when they disagree? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Possible applications <ul><li>Visualize decision-making </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight controversies </li></ul><ul><li>Query opinions and arguments </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss arguments interactively with a bot </li></ul><ul><li>Calculate the “best” options </li></ul>
  17. 17. Visualize bCisive
  18. 18. Highlight Controversies Ennals, R., Trushkowsky, B., & Agosta, J. M. (2010). Highlighting Disputed Claims on the Web. In WICOW at WWW 2010.
  19. 19. Query opinions & arguments <ul><li>Collation & querying across the Web </li></ul>Sindice SIOC plugin for WordPress blogs
  20. 20. “ ELIZA for arguments” Snaith, Lawrence, & Reed, “Mixed initiative argument in public deliberation,” ODET 2010
  21. 21. Transform Debates into Argument Frameworks <ul><li>(1) Households should pay tax for their garbage. </li></ul><ul><li>(4)  (1) Paying tax for garbage increases recycling, so households should pay. </li></ul><ul><li>(3)  (1) </li></ul><ul><li>Recycling more is good, so people should pay tax for their garbage. </li></ul>Arrow: premise Wyner, van Engers, & Bahreini. From Policy-making Statements to First-order Logic. EGOV 2010
  22. 22. Calculate best options (non-contradictory opinions) Wyner, van Engers, & Bahreini. From Policy-making Statements to First-order Logic. EGOV 2010
  23. 23. Twitter: Standpoint <ul><li>Difference between cakes and biscuits? When stale, cakes go hard, biscuits go soft. Hence Jaffa Cakes are cakes. (Was official EU ruling). </li></ul><ul><li>View: Jaffa Cakes are cakes </li></ul><ul><li>Justification: official EU ruling; go hard when stale </li></ul>
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  25. 25. Wikipedia: Standpoint <ul><li>[Delete the article]...hasn't played since 2008. His 66-73 record is far from stellar and, in my opinion, does not merit an article. </li></ul><ul><li>View: does not merit an article </li></ul><ul><li>Justification: hasn’t played since 2008, record </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wikipedia: Argumentation
  27. 27. Long, complicated discussions. D. Taraborelli, G.L. Ciampaglia (2010) Beyond Notability. Collective Deliberation on Content Inclusion in Wikipedia. Fourth IEEE International Conference on Self-Adaptive and Self-Organizing Systems Workshops (SASOW '10).
  28. 29. Thanks! <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>@jschneider </li></ul>
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  30. 31. Claims Extraction <ul><li>Cue words (“ Hence Jaffa Cakes are cakes.”) [Marcu] </li></ul><ul><li>Rhetorical Structure Theory </li></ul>
  31. 32. Claims Extraction
  32. 33. Important Relationships <ul><li>Attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Supports </li></ul>
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  37. 38. Crowdsourcing cataloging improvements
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  39. 40. Reuse book info on the semweb
  40. 41. Find relationships between papers & researchers