Establishing shotEstablishes the setting of a scene to give informationwhere the scene is i.e. (London postcode) This is an establishing shot as it establishes the convent of Jesus and Mary building
Wide shotShows a large variety of information like a panoramic photograph. This shows a broad view of an entire location, subject, or action. Could be used to show everyone sitting at a dining table.
Long shotShows a characters whole body, for example ifsomeone is running. A long shot is used to stress theenvironment or setting of a scene(Usually used inaction)
Mid shotShows a character from there torso, usually the upperpart of their body, could be below. The medium shotcan be used to focus attention on the actor/actress
Close up shotFraming of a character or subject of some particularpart of the body or object for example a face Theclose-up is designed to focus attention on an actorsexpression, to give significance to a certain object
Extreme close upEven closer than a close up shot, to give more detailand information to audience
Over the shoulderA shot from the back of a characters shoulder. Thecharacter facing the subject occupies 1/3 of the framebut could vary depending on purpose. The More ofthe head or back that is shown adds a dominant feel
Point of viewShows a view from the characters perspective, editedso the audience are aware of who the character is(consists of body movement) camera usually placesby eyes)
Two shotTwo characters in shot, communicating or interacting(usually shows a relationship or bond)
Over head shotWhere camera is placed above the persons head tomake them appear inferior(smaller)
PanWhen camera pivots horizontally from left to right toreveal more information.
TiltWhen camera pivots vertically from top to bottom.(i.e. showing sexy female, starts from the legs andworks its way up)
TrackCamera moving from side to side without a pivot tofollow and object or person.
ZoomWhen camera zoom goes straight into object orperson to reveal more detail. Speed can vary toenhance certain scenes for example, faster, for horrorscenes to make the object person appear more scary.
Reverse zoomThe opposite of zoom, instead comes out. Perhaps toreveal more detail about the setting around them.
BalanceArranging elements, so that nothing/no one is overpowered, or seems heavier. There are three kinds ofbalance , symmetrical, asymmetrical and radial
SymmetryShows order, normalness, organisation. When theshot is equally balanced on both sides (look almostidentical)
AsymmetryWhen the shot is unbalanced, both sides lookdifferent. This is often used to show disorder tovarious objects or subjects
Rule of thirdsWhen an image is divided into nine equal parts by twospaced horizontal lines and two equally spacesvertical lines. Important elements are then placeslong these lines to show proportion and technique
Depth of fieldThe distance between the nearest and furthestobjects that appear very sharp in the image. The lensfocusses on a specific part of the picture which causesthe other parts to slightly blur
Shallow focusLike depth of field, the parts of the image whicharent in focus are blurred. This is used to enhance theimportance of a particular part of the image
Deep focusWhen the whole entire image is in focus, theforeground, the middlegroud and the background areall in focus. To show that everything in the image isimportant
Focus pullsAn effective camera effect where you change thefocus during a shot. The adjusting from one focussubject to another.