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Biomass Energy Power Shift

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Introduction to biomass energy.

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Biomass Energy Power Shift

  1. 1. Biomass Energy Power shift <ul><li>Jock Gill </li></ul><ul><li>September 05,, 2008 </li></ul>
  2. 2. Problem statement <ul><li>We are trying to fill a too big bucket with too many leaks with the wrong stuff. </li></ul><ul><li>We need to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with a smaller bucket </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fix the leakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change the stuff </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Design Goals Common Sense Energy Future Do No Harm <ul><li>A system that is at least 85% efficient end to end; </li></ul><ul><li>A robust and resilient network with no single points of failure; </li></ul><ul><li>Based on demand management, conservation and efficiency first, and then on renewable, carbon neutral fuels with no contribution to global climate change; </li></ul><ul><li>Requires full life cycle accounting from construction to decommissioning, and including all waste disposal and handling; </li></ul><ul><li>Creates and strengthens opportunities for local and regional workforce development and increases the base of sustainable jobs with livable wages within the local community. </li></ul><ul><li>Imposes no environmental or economic burdens or risks on future generations. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Densified Biomass An Engineer Product <ul><li>Thermal energy </li></ul><ul><li>Animal bedding </li></ul><ul><li>Toxic spill remediation </li></ul><ul><li>Ethanol </li></ul><ul><li>Composition board </li></ul>
  5. 13. Up to a 2 MM BTU system will fit into a space that is: 21'L x 6.5'W x 14'H
  6. 15. http://www.stirlingpowermodule.com/
  7. 20. Pellet Energy <ul><li>1 ton of premium wood pellets </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16.4 million BTUs [US Forest Service] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6% moisture & 40 lbs per Cu. Ft. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ash content: 0.5% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>pH is equivalent to lime </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Energy equivalent of 116 gallons of #2 oil </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4,800 Kilowatts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>1 ton of wax cardboard pellets has even more energy value </li></ul>
  8. 21. GHG Reduction <ul><li>“ Overall, the most effective fuel switching opportunities were found to be geothermal heating, switchgrass pellets, straw pellets, and wind power. Solid biofuel pellets were found to be the most efficient GHG mitigation option that can be generated from Canadian farms.” </li></ul><ul><li>Policy brief REAP-Canada presented Feb 26, 2008 to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Agriculture. </li></ul>
  9. 22. Low Income Heating <ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clients heat for less: $4.25+ vs $2.61 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State gets a bigger bang for its Liheap $$ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Budget lowered or more clients served </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State jump starts a new economic activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New markets for Forest & Ag biomass </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy $$ retained in local economy have a 2X multiplier effect. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 23. Unlimited Growth? <ul><li>Can renewable energy support Unlimited Economic Activity? </li></ul><ul><li>Malthus: 1798 &quot;Essay on the Principle of Population” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>humanity's natural exceptionalism? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Thermodynamics incorporated into Economics? </li></ul><ul><li>Qualitative Design for Demand Management? </li></ul>
  11. 24. Contact <ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>(802) 613-1444 </li></ul><ul><li>P.O. Box 3 / Peacham / Vermont / 05862 </li></ul>

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