Sustainable Development


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ME 201
Strategic Management of an Engineering Enterprise
PSU, Urdaneta City

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  • For example, a business that operates in a sustainable community is committed of protecting the surroundings while performing profitable business activities. 
  • Sustainable Development

    1. 1. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT  Environmental Management and SustainabilityEngr. Mary Anne A. Baterina  Sustainability Issues Discussant  Is it possible to build Jo B. Bitonio, DPA sustainable communities? Professor  What makes a community sustainable?
    2. 2. Saturday, October 27, 2012 ENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENT AND SUSTAINABILITY In general, Environmental management andsustainability deals with managing the bodies of water,land and atmosphere based on the Sustainabilityissues and principles. In this relation, land use change isimportant to the management of biosphere becauseof the changes made in the environment by theurbanization, agriculture, forest, woodland, grasslandand pasture. All these factors have great effects onthe global bodies of water, carbon and nitrogenbiogeochemical cycles of the earth‟s atmosphere.
    3. 3. Saturday, October 27, 2012SUSTAINABILITY ISSUES Other factors that gradually destroys the earth‟satmosphere include:  air pollution in cities;  the pollutants including toxic chemicals like nitrogen dioxide, sculpture oxides, volatile organic compounds and particulate matter that produce photochemical smog and acid rain; and  and the chlorofluorocarbons that degrade the ozone layer. Due to these serious man-made pollutants, globaldimming may even disturb the global water cycle throughdecreasing the evaporation and rainfall in some areas in the earth.It also creates a cooling effect and this may have partially maskedthe effect of greenhouse gases on global warming.
    4. 4. Saturday, October 27, 2012 Major factors that increased the levels of dissolve carbondioxide in the earth‟s atmosphere.  illegal fishing,  coral bleaching,  ocean acidification and  widespread of sea pollution caused by human wastes The only human remedies that can be done includethe proper waste disposal management, statutory control andregulation of illegal forestation, overfishing through a sustainablefishing practices; as well as the use of environmentally sensitiveand sustainable aquaculture and fish farming, reduction of fossilfuel emissions from industrial areas and restoration of coastal andother marine habitat.
    5. 5. Saturday, October 27, 2012IS IT POSSIBLE TO BUILD SUSTAINABLECOMMUNITIES? Sustainable communities sprouted in support to the generalconcept of sustainable development that basically advocatesliving and doing business without destroying and endangering thepotential interest of other people and the environment. Today, sustainable development is one of the issues addressedby international environmental law (Schwab and Brower 1997). Thegrowing consciousness of people and the public on theimportance of balance in human activity and natural resources aswell as the increasing cases of violations of environmentalprotection policies and regulations make sustainable developmenta global subject and concern. In effect, the term „sustainablecommunities‟ was coined to describe a group of people or anorganization that has sustainable development agenda.
    6. 6. Saturday, October 27, 2012 The challenge of keeping balance between theconcept of development and the environment‟s welfare isamong the main reasons on why people need sustainablecommunities. People need sustainable communities in order topromote progressive way of life under environment-friendlycircumstances. Banerjee (2002) “believes that when environmental initiatives within a business context were positioned within the framework of productivity improvement, cost savings, and purposes of eliminating defects, the business will prosper”
    7. 7. Saturday, October 27, 2012 There are specific problems the national governments need toaddress in order to stick into its sustainable communities policy:  Public participation and partnership  economic ambiguity According to Davies (2002), greater public participation andpartnership is sought in promoting sustainable communities andimplementing policies. Generating participation and partnershipamong the members of the public is difficult. Davies (2002) argues that “partnerships for sustainable communities are not located in a governance vacuum: they are situated in wider issues of local democracy and public participation”
    8. 8. Saturday, October 27, 2012 On the other hand, there is an economic issue ofambiguity particularly among business organizations.Analyzing sustainable development has always been theweakness of the science of economics (Keong 2005).Taking the general case of businesses, the difficulty ofauthorities in tackling sustainable communities‟ policies isinherent to the issue of financial limitations.
    9. 9. Saturday, October 27, 2012WHAT MAKES A COMMUNITYSUSTAINABLE? There is a strong commitment to development without riskingindividual and environmental interests. A community is sustainable when there is support from allstakeholders (i.e. government, people, and other institutions). Thenational leadership is always on the lookout particularly on issues thatneeds immediate attention.  Strict implementation of laws and regulations is practiced.  All members of the population are aware of their roles as nature‟s stewards.  Education is important because it is where consciousness originates and develops.  On the case of economy, a sustainable community is able to produce sufficient amount of resources to sustain its continuous activities towards eventual growth.
    10. 10. Saturday, October 27, 2012References:(, A (2002, June) „Power, Politics and networks: Shaping partnerships forsustainable communities‟, Area, 34: 2, 190-203Keong, CY (2005) „Sustainable Development – An Institutional Enclave‟, Journal ofEconomic Issues, 39: 4, 951-972Schwab, AK & Brower, DJ (1997, April) „Sustainable Development: Implementation atthe Local Level‟, Land Use Law & Zoning Digest, 3-7