Stability and Change: The Civil Service in the Philippines


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Stability and Change: The Civil Service in the Philippines

  1. 1. by Laurefel P Gabales DPA 201 Prof. Jo B. Bitonio, DPA
  2. 2.  Spanish Colonial Period The American Regime The Independent Republic The Martial Law Regime
  3. 3.  Contradictory colonial objectives Idealism Expediency Philosophy regarding public office Appointment Purchase
  4. 4.  Criticisms Incompetence of the officeholders Rapacity of the officeholders Colonial bureaucracy
  5. 5.  Factor of distance Visitador-general Residencia Highly centralized organization Colonical Situation
  6. 6.  Significant phase in the evolution of modern colonial policy and administration Separation of church and state Political institutions set up in accordance with the democratic and republican character of political institutions in the U.S.
  7. 7.  Philippine Commission as upper house All-Filipino lower house Under non political civil service Legislative intentions reinforced by implementors of the legislation
  8. 8.  Free from the spoils system Much broader coverage Major characteristics Broad in coverage Centralized in organization
  9. 9.  The Civil Service Act Prohibited any inquiry into political and religious views No direct or indirect solicitations Competent and qualified employees Security of tenure
  10. 10.  Americans were paid higher salaries More Americans occupy higher positions Turn out to be a failure More attractive opportunities outside Filipinization of the Civil Service
  11. 11.  Commonwealth period gave Filipinos greater control over their own affairs Guarantee independence Extended civil service to all branches Creation of GSIS
  12. 12.  Granted independence Problems of Second World War Economic prostration Severe physical destruction Political amorality Emergence of two-party system First school of public administration
  13. 13.  The organization of Government Survey and Reorganization Committee The Civil Service Act of 1959 Bureau into Civil Service Commission Full-time Civil Service Board
  14. 14.  Creation of personnel offices Appropriate training staff Performance rating system Improper solicitation of contributions Violations of civil service rules and regulations
  15. 15.  Forfeiture Law of 1955 The Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act Created anti-graft agencies
  16. 16.  Presidential Decree No. 1 activated the Integrated Reorganization Plan Succession of Presidential Decrees and Letter of Instructions for civil service PD No. 6 PD No. 868
  17. 17.  PD No. 807 LOI Nos. 316, 317, 318, 319 and 320 Structural changes and innovations Single headed CSC to three man Commission Decentralization of personnel functions
  18. 18.  More effective policies on personnel selection, promotion, discipline and training Formulation of Career Executive Service (CES) Three-year “Civil Service Development Plan”
  19. 19.  Career and personnel development Performance evaluation Administrative discipline Recruitment and examination Review of policies Corruption remained a major problem
  20. 20.  Bureau of Internal Revenue Board of Transportation Other government agencies Creation of Tanodbayan (Ombudsman) and a special court, the Sandiganbayan
  21. 21. Introduction to Public Administration A Reader 2nd EditionNational College of Public Administration & Governance University of the Philippines Diliman, Quezon City, 2003