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Public Administration in the Philippines


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Voluntary Sector Management

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Public Administration in the Philippines

  1. 2. <ul><li>But is it public Administration?: The Place of Voluntary Sector Management in the Discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>Hygiene Factors in the Management of Volunteer Organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteer Sector: Its Public Essence </li></ul>
  2. 3. Voluntary sector is a large and growing in our country today, and many of this are in the process of institutionalization. Thus, the demand to learn how to manage their operation systematically, efficiently and effectively. Besides the significant role in civil society in governance is becoming increasingly recognized, propelled in diverse ways by the trend towards democratization and globalization.
  3. 4. Is it really Public Administration? …… “ YES”. But let me define and take you to academic voyage of the evolution of “Public” in Public Administration.
  4. 5. <ul><li>The meaning of “Public” in Public Administration is the organizing concept in delineating the field. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As the management of governmental organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As the provision of public goods and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As governance for the public interest </li></ul></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>The first meaning of “Public” is a synonym of “ Government ”. This is the meaning of the phrases: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public School </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Hospital </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Agency </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Funds </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Official </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>This is also the original meaning of the modifier “Public” in Public Administration. </li></ul>As the Management of Governmental Organization
  6. 7. <ul><li>The 2 nd meaning of “Public” is refers to the collective as beneficiary of “Public Goods” those whose benefits are indivisible and with significant externalities. Examples are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Utility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Health </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public Policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As the Provision of Public Goods and Services </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>The 3 rd meaning of “Public” in Public Administration is as the “ People ” the presumed beneficiary of government and providers of other public goods as well as the embodiment of the collective in a nation. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As Governance for the Public Interest </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>The philosophy of public administration and public philosophy as a whole have always given a central place to the people as embodied in ideas of “Public Interest” or the “Public Good”. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As Governance for the Public Interest </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. According to Barry Bozeman (1987), in a seminal book. Stated that all organization are “Public” . If that is true, the obverse would also be true: All organization are “Private” The Volunteer Sector in the Continuum of Publicness-Privateness
  10. 11. <ul><li>Bozeman argue that some government organization are private in that: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some of their good are “purely private” or intermediate between the purely private and purely public. (1987:50) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public ownership is diluted, thus power is delegated to managers. (1987:54) </li></ul></ul></ul>The Volunteer Sector in the Continuum of Publicness-Privateness
  11. 12. <ul><li>Cont…… </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some administration motive is self-interest, even when the stated organization motive is not. (1987:53) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ A public manager will have a great opportunity to increased his well being at the expense of the owner’s wealth to a greater extent that a manager of a proprietary concern because it is relatively less costly to do so.” (Bozeman 1987:53, quoting Davies 1981:115) </li></ul></ul></ul>The Volunteer Sector in the Continuum of Publicness-Privateness
  12. 13. Comparison of Business, Public and Voluntary Sector Management
  13. 14. <ul><li>Sphere of Operation </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Personnel Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Client Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Fund Generation </li></ul><ul><li>Structure to whom Accountable </li></ul>
  14. 17. Qualification of Staff
  15. 18. Retention of Staff
  16. 19. Reward System
  17. 20. Discipline
  18. 28. Ledivina V. Carino But it is Public Administration?The Place of Volountary Sector Management in the Discipline Introduction to PA in the Philippines: A Reader 2 nd edition, UP NCPAG 2003
  19. 29. END… But is it public Administration? The Place of Voluntary Sector Management in the Discipline. By: Sherwin M. Arcipe