ME 212 Human Resources Development and Management
Socializing, orienting, training and developing employees are processes that help new employee adapt to their organizations and work responsibilities. Socialization or on boarding is a process of adaptation that takes place as individuals attempt to learn the values and norms of work roles Socialization as a process made up three stages: pre arrival stage, encounter stage and metamorphosis
Pre arrival stage where it recognizes that individuals arrive in an organization with a set of organizational values, attitudes and expectations; Encounter stage is where individuals confront possible dichotomy between their organizational expectations and reality; and Metamorphosis stage where the new employee must work out inconsistencies discovered during the encounter stage.
These are activities that introduce new employees to the organization and their work units. It expands on information received during the recruitment and selection stages and helps reduce the initial anxiety employees usually feel when beginning a new job.
Who is responsible for orienting the new employee? This can be done by the new employee’s supervisor, people from HR, through computer based program or by some combination thereof. What should be oriented? Organization’s objective, history, philosophy, procedures and rules; communicate relevant HRM policies such as work hours, pay procedures, overtime requirements and company benefits.
The first few days on a new job are packed with learning new skills, new co-workers and new policies. An employee handbook, a booklet describing important aspects of employment an employee needs to know. The handbook can provide the employee an opportunity to learnSource: alfaisal.edu about the company and what it provides for them and to understand the information at their own pace.
The system sharing meaning within the organization that determines how employees act. An employee who has been properly socialized to the organization’s culture knows what acceptable behavior is and what it is not for.Source: philippineforum.org
Working conditions refer to the terms and circumstances affecting the employment of an employee, including policies, programs, and regulations governing his employment status, work and work relationships. The working conditions, as a rule, are determined by the employer. Source: wix.com
Normal Hours of Work – shall not exceed 8 hours a day as provided by law; Meal Periods-not less than 60 minutes time-off for their regular meals; Night Shift Differential – Every employee shall be paid a night shift differential of not less than 10%of his regular wage for each hour, work performed bet. 10 pm and 6 am.
Overtime Work – work performed beyond 8 hrs a day provided that the employee is paid for the overtime work an additional compensation equivalent to his regular wage plus at least 25%; Work performed beyond eight hours on a holiday or rest day shall be paid an additional compensation equivalent to the rate of the first 8hrs on a holiday/rest day plus at least 30%.
Weekly Rest periods – it shall be the duty of every employer to provide each of his employee a rest period of not less than 24 consecutive hrs after every six consecutive normal work days; Thirteenth-month pay required by PD851 is additional income based on wage but not part of wage. It is 1/12 of the total basic salary earned by an employee within a calendar year.
Every employer shall keep and maintain his workplace free from work hazards that are causing or likely to cause physical harm to the workers or damage to property. Space allocation and physical layout will help in the adjustment period of the new employee. A cool temperature in a work place may also be a good beginning for the employee to be productive.
A provision of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for personnel who will be engaged in an industrial or hazardous work Proper illumination and ventilation, fire exits and extinguishers, occupational health personnel and services, family welfare/family planning services at the workplace
Human Resources Management, 10th ed. By David A. de Cenzo and Stephen P. Robbins Human Resource Management, 4th ed. By Raymond A. Noe, John R. Hollenbech, Barry Gerhart and Patrick M. Wright Everybody’s Labor Code, 2001 ed. By Cesario A. Azucena, Jr.