Meaning, Nature, Scope andSignificance of PublicAdministrationProf. Josefina B. Bitonio, DPAFDM 201 Principles and Processes ofDevelopment Management
Public Administration is a field with a richheritage.Objective: To promote superiorunderstanding of government and itsrelationship with the society it governs aswell as to encourage public policies moreresponsive to social needs and institutemanagerial practice attuned toeffectiveness, efficiency, and the deeperhuman requisites of the citizenrywww.ginandjar.com
PRAXIS. From its beginning, thediscipline has also enjoyedextensive interaction betweenthose who practice it allowingmore intensive experimentationthan has been possible in somesocial sciences.www.ginandjar.com 3s
www.ginandjar.com 3sInterdisciplinary Interface of PublicAdministration LawLAWPOLITICSBUSINESSECONOMICSADMINISTRATIVE LAW• Discretionary powersMANAGEMENTPUBLIC POLICYRationaleResponsive to citizensneed and preferencesPUBLIC CHOICEEconomic ManMan: The Decision MakerPUBLICADMINISTRATION
• Interaction between those who studythe subject and those who practice itallowing for more intensiveexperimentation than has beenpossible in some social sciencesSocial Sciences: political science,physiology, sociology,anthropology, geography, history,information science and economics
• F.K. Medikus advocated“cameralism” and claimed that itshould be treated as anautonomous field of study of greatimportance to the state. Cameralscience is designed to preparepotential public officials forgovernment service.
Frank Goodnow (1900), the“Father of American PublicAdministration,” presented amore meticulous examination ofpolitics-administrationdichotomy in his book, “Politicsand Administration” that“supplanted the traditionalconcern with the separation ofpowers among the variousbranches of the government.”(Shafritz and Hyde 1997: 2)
Wilson set a demarcation line between politics andadministration“politics-administration” dichotomy. a government that separated political officials from civiladministrators.profound element: the distinction between politics and policies,principles and operations While John Rohr expressed his appreciation of the realisticground for this new sense of government as needing a partnershipof the elected and the appointedpolitics administration
We have an executive branch withthe bureaucracy at its core.We have a Philippine legislature.We have a Philippine judiciary
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Leonard D. White. His book,Introduction to the Study of PublicAdministration, is one of the mostinfluential texts in publicadministration to date. One of hisassumptions was that administrationis still an art. He, however,recognized the ideal of transformingit into a science. emphasizing themanagerial phase of administration.
1800s to 1950s. The roots of PublicAdministration as a distinct field of studycan be traced from a classic essay, entitled“The Study of Public Administration,”which was written by Woodrow Wilson atthe height of Progressive Movement in theUS. It was in that essay with a seriousclaim that public administration should bea self-conscious, professional field.Wilson suggested the distinction betweenpolitics and administration i.e.administration should be politics-free andthat “the field of administration is thefield of businessWoodrow Wilson’s 1887
“The Study of Administration”Woodrow WilsonPolitical Science QuarterlyJuly 1887Wilson realizes that such a view ofadministration is a hard sell to Americans,who prefer democracy to “officialism.” Wilsonadmonishes, need to rid themselves of “theerror of trying to do too much by vote. Self-government does not consist in having ahand in everything, any more thanhousekeeping consists necessarily incooking dinner with one’s own hands”.
Wilson would replace amateur cookswith professionals. Eventually theentire household will be run byprofessionals. The practice of self-government through elected officialswill be lost as “considerate, paternalgovernment” fulfills all needs. Themaster of the house will becomeutterly dependent on his professionalfollowers.
The trained servants will tutor the people byimproving public opinion and thereby evenultimately ruling them. The bureaucracy wouldeducate the electorate. Wilson modestly claimsthat his ideal is “a civil service cultured and self-sufficient enough to act with sense and vigor,and yet so intimately connected with thepopular thought, by means of elections andconstant public counsel, as to find arbitrarinessof class spirit quite out of the question”.
Alex Brillantes, Jr. and Maricel Fernandez Is there aPhilippine Public Administration or Better Still, forwhom is Public Administration? UP NCPAG June,2008Referencewww.ginandjar.com