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Pangasinan State University
Graduate School
Urdaneta City, Pangasinan

Published in: Education, Technology
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  1. 1. INFORMATION SYSTEMDEVELOPMENT Alberto Pulmones Master in Management Engineering Limit to Pangasinan State University Urdaneta, Pangasinan Information
  2. 2. LIMITS TO INFORMATION “On an average weekday the New York Times contains more information than any contemporary of Shakespeare’s would have acquired in a life time.” - Anonymous (and Ubiquitous) “Every year, better methods are being devised to quantify information and distill it into quadrillions of atomistic packets of data.”- Bill Gates “By 2047… all information about physical objects including humans, buildings processes and organizations, will be online. This is both desirable and inevitable.” - Gordon Bell an d Jim Gray “This is the datafication of shared knowledge.” - Tom Philips, Deja News
  3. 3. LIMITS TO INFORMATIONChronic Information shortage threatened work,education, research, innovation, and economic decisionmaking – whether at the level of government policy,business strategy, or household shopping. The lack ofinformation appeared to be one of society’sfundamental problems. Theorist talked abouthumanity’s “bounded rationality” and the difficulty ofmaking decisions in conditions of limited or imperfectinformation.
  4. 4.  The power and speed of information technology can make this trap both hard to see and hard to escape. When information burdens start to loom, many of the standard responses fall into a category we call “Morre’s Law” solution. The law, an important one, is named after Gordon Moore, one of the founders of the chip maker intel. He predicted the computer power available on a chip would approximately double every eighteen months. His law has held up for the past decade and looks like it will continue to do so for the next. (It this law that can make it hard to buy a computer. Whenever you buy, you always know that within eighteen months the same capabilities will be available at the half price.)
  5. 5. DROWNING AND DIDN’T KNOW IT All information about physical objects, including humans, buildings, processes and organization, will be online. It’s sometimes hard to fathom what there is beyond information to talk about. The difficulty of overlooking to these various forms through which information has conventionally come to us, however is that info centric visions tends to dismiss them as irrelevant. Info enthusiast insist, for example, not only that information technology will see the end of documents, break narratives into hypertext, and reduce knowledge to data, but that such things as organizations and institutions are little more than relics of a discredited old regime.
  6. 6. ORIGIN MYTHS Historian frequently trace the beginning of the information age not to the internet, the computer, or even the telephone, but to the telegraph. With the telegraph the speed of information essentially separated itself from the speed of human travel. People travel at the speed of train. Information began to travel at the speed of light. In some versions of this origin story (which tends to forget that fire and smoke had long been used to convey messages over distance at the speed of light), information takes on not only a speed of its own, but a life of its own.
  7. 7. HAMMERING INFORMATION Information offers to satisfy your wanderlust without the need to wander from the keyboard. If we were ask today any question in mind no doubt the best place to go is http://www... Most of the computer and IT industry always informing that they have the answer. Sometimes they say they are the answer. Microsoft advertises itself with the question: “Where do you want to go today? But what is itself reveling a question. It suggest that Microsoft has the answers. Technology will bring virtually anything you want you in the comfort of your own home.
  8. 8. REFINING OR MERELY REDEFINING Microsoft’s view of your wants is plausible so long as whatever you do and whatever you want translate into information – and whatever gets left behind doesn’t matter. From this point of view value lies in information, which technology can refine away from the raw and uninteresting husk of the physical world. This desire to see things in informations light no doubt drives what we think of as “infoprefixation.” Info gives new life to a lot of old worlds in compounds such as infotainment, Informatics, infomating and infomediary. It also gives a new promise to a lot of new companies.
  9. 9. THE MYTH OF INFORMATION The myth of information that is empowering richer explanation. To say this is not to belittle information and its technologies. These are making critical and unprecedented contribution to the changes society. It’s clear that the causes of those changes include much more than information itself. The myth significantly blind society to the character of and forces behind those changes.
  10. 10. 6-D VISION Overreliance on information leads to what we think of as “6-D vision.” This is not necessarily twice as good as 3D kind. The D in our 6 – D notions stands for the de – or dis – in such futurist – favored word as:  Demassification  Decentralization  Denationalization  Despacialization  Disintermediation  Disaggregation
  11. 11. 6-D VISION : DemassificationDemystifying Demassification What was demassification‘ ?"To demasssify something isto cause (society or a social system) to become less uniform or centralized; diversifyor decentralize: Source: to demassify the federal government.to break (something standardized or homogeneous) into elements that appeal toindividualtastes or special interests:to demassify the magazine industry into special-interest periodicals.
  12. 12. Demystifying Demassificationpeople used to actually subscribe to (or at least go to thelibrary to read) particular academic journals. It would behard to find anyone doing that anymore. It is so easy togo on-line and use a digital database to find articlesacross a number of journals which are on topics that youare interested inWhile there are many advantages to this, there is onenotable draw-back. Fewer and fewer academics willhave broader general knowledge about their disciplines.As each of them only reads what is relevant to their ownnarrow research area, our research may become deeperand more sophisticated, but also more narrower Source:
  13. 13. 6-D Vision : Decentralization (cause & effect) To provide effective IT services, the institution must  The proximity to and accessibility of ITfulfill the real and perceived needs of individual users personnel is another important factor in theto the greatest degree possible. Greater diversity in an perceived responsiveness of distributedinstitution increases the challenge of meeting individual environments. Because individualuser needs as the number, type, and customization of disciplinary specialists can makeservices increase. In a distributed environment many of pedagogical and operational decisions thatthese needs can be addressed by local modifications are most appropriate for their group, foror by locally modified applications. Localization can be most faculty and staff distributedaccomplished readily because access to IT computing appears to be moreprofessionals is direct and involves a minimum of appropriately responsive to local needsbureaucratic processes than a centralized computing environmentOver time very large systemsaccumulate significant in-houseadaptations to meet real orperceived institutional needs. When Source:bookrapper.comeither the hardware or softwareused in these systems becomesobsolete, it is difficult to migrate orupgrade the systems in a mannerthat preserves all of the necessaryadaptations. Source:
  14. 14. 6-D VISION : Denationalization Disintermediation is giving the user or the consumer direct access to information that otherwise would require a mediator, such as a salesperson, a librarian, or a lawyer. Observers of the Internet and the World Wide Web note that these new technologies give users the power to look up medical, legal information, travel, or comparative product data directly, in some cases removing the need for the mediator (doctor, lawyer, salesperson) or at the very least changing the relationship between the user and the product or service provider.
  15. 15. 6-D VISION : DespacializationMicrosoft preaches"despacialization" (the end ofa need to be spatially close tothe action). Theydemonstrate the sustainedvalue of informal, culturalcontacts within ageographical region.
  16. 16. 6-D VISION : Disintermediation Disintermediation is giving the user or the consumer direct access to information that otherwise would require a mediator, such as a salesperson, a librarian, or a lawyer. Observers of the Internet and the World Wide Web note that these new technologies give users the power to look up medical, legal information, travel, or comparative product data directly, in some cases removing the need for the mediator (doctor, lawyer, salesperson) or at the very least changing the relationship between the user and the product or service
  17. 17. 6-D VISION : DisaggregationInformation-intensive services are beingglobally disaggregated as corporationsrespond to the pressures of increasingglobal competition, and take advantage ofthe opportunities made available by theprogress of information technology and theemerging global work force. In order toglobally disaggregate services,corporations must decide whether or not tocarry out a service activity within theorganization, and where to locate it, withinor outside the geographic boundary of thehome-base country.Apte and Mason:1995
  18. 18. Source: kingsleydigicult.wordpress.comThe Internet is not simply a set of interconnected linksand protocols---it is also a construct of the imagination,an inkblot test into which everyone projects their desires,fears, and fantasies. Some see enlightenment andeducation. Others see pornography and gambling. Somesee sharing and collaboration. Others see spam andviruses. Yet when it comes to the impact on thedemocratic process, the answer seems unanimous. TheInternet is good for democracy. It creates digital citizensactive in the teledemocracy [1] of the Electronic Republic[2] in the e-nation [3]. But this bubble, too, needs to bepricked.