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Genuine participation


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Genuine participation

  1. 1. Towards a Genuine People’s Participating in Community Organizing Reading Material for PA 113 Community Organization & Cooperative Development
  2. 2. Philippine communities today have sad stories to tell. A vast majority live below poverty line. An analysis of a typical Filipino community reveals the following problems that beset them: <ul><li>In the economic aspect, poor living conditions, low level of productivity, poor marketing system, oppressive tenurial arrangements and practices, unemployment and underemployment, maldistribution of income and wealth; </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In the social aspect, personalized politics, community disorganization, poor health conditions, low level of education, culture of silence and poverty, powerlessness of the majority. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>This condition is further complicated by lack/limited support facilities for socio-economic development and ecological imbalance. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Economic Social Economic <ul><li>Low level of living </li></ul><ul><li>Low level of productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Poor marketing system </li></ul><ul><li>Oppressive tenurial arrangements & practices </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment & Underemployment </li></ul><ul><li>Maldistribution of income & wealth </li></ul>Personalized politics Community disorganization Poor health conditions Low level of education Culture of silence & poverty Powerlessness of majority Lack/limited support facilities for socio-economic development Ecological Imbalance
  6. 6. As Spiegel notes, &quot;Citizen participation is the process that can meaningfully tie programs to people&quot; (1968).
  7. 7. Community participation is an active process by which beneficiary or client groups influence the direction and execution of a development project with a view to enhancing their well-being in terms of income, personal growth, self-reliance or other values they cherish.
  8. 8. <ul><li>With regard to rural development… participation includes people’s involvement in decision-making processes, in implementing programmes, their sharing in the benefits of development programmes and their involvement in the efforts to evaluate such programmes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Participation is concerned with…. the organized efforts to increase control over resources and regulative institutions in given social situations on the part of groups and movements of those hitherto excluded from such control. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Leadership and teamwork – key elements of success.
  11. 11. Indicators of Genuine People’s Participation <ul><li>Involves a rural development effort which seeks to engage rural people in their own advancement </li></ul><ul><li>One important process is re-education through conscientization </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations were characterized by strong work ethics and commitment </li></ul><ul><li>There was no corruption and member were assured of shared benefits </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Low profile kind of leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Successful programs even without government </li></ul><ul><li>intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations were able to transform structure </li></ul><ul><li>from a bureaucratic to a more dynamic structure </li></ul><ul><li>to answer felt needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Organizations were able to heighten awareness </li></ul><ul><li>and elevate their struggle from micro to macro </li></ul><ul><li>Open communication and well coordinated </li></ul><ul><li>programs with organizational linkages and </li></ul><ul><li>external support </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing formation of leadership/personnel </li></ul><ul><li>and structural assessment and evaluation </li></ul>
  13. 13. GUIDING PRINCIPLES Go to the people Live among them Learn from them Plan with them Work with them Start with what they know Build on what they have
  14. 14. management research leadership development planning organiz ing Community Development evaluation DEVELOPMENT THRUSTS
  15. 15. Community and cooperatives are seen as complementary componentsof a participatory development process . The community in its three fold connotation of space, place and sentiment –depends on cooperatives in order to better create an environment of self-sutained and self-relint growth
  16. 16. The cooperative depends on the community as territorial socio economic background in order to receive legitimate and support for its activities. Such an interdependence creates a complementary of inputs and outputs which in turn are expected to bear heavily on the tempo and kind of community development actions that may help this reciprocity toemerge and develop
  17. 17. COOPERTIVE ORIENTATION COOPERTIVE ORIENTATION COOPERATIVE COMMUNITY <ul><li>Initiation </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimition </li></ul><ul><li>Support </li></ul><ul><li>clientele </li></ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Income </li></ul><ul><li>Chage of power structure </li></ul><ul><li>Education to self reliance </li></ul><ul><li>Spread of entreprenerial activity </li></ul>
  18. 18. Community Development And Cooperative Formation Process Orientation and Structural Change Mature self mangement and Community Community Needs Cooperativeand Community in Interaction The Flow Process of Community – Cooperative Interaction
  19. 19. Thank you