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Development Orientation and Governance of Municipal and City Government Officials in Pangasinan


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A Masteral Thesis MDM major in Public Management
PSU Urdaneta City, Pangasinan

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Development Orientation and Governance of Municipal and City Government Officials in Pangasinan

  1. 1. DEVELOPMENT ORIENTATION AND GOVERNANCE OF MUNICIPAL AND CITY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS IN PANGASINAN ____________________________________ A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School Pangasinan State University Urdaneta City, Pangasinan __________________________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Development Management major in Public Management ____________________________________ by Noime Francisco Salon March 2009
  2. 2. APPROVAL SHEET In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master in DevelopmentManagement, major in Public Management, this thesis entitled, “DEVELOPMENTORIENTATION AND GOVERNANCE OF MUNICIPAL AND CITYGOVERNMENT OFFICIALS IN PANGASINAN” has been prepared and submittedby Noime Francisco Salon, is hereby approved and accepted.LETICIA B. URSUA, Ed. D. JOSEFINA B. BITONIO, D.P.A. Critic Reader Adviser Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Ed. D. ChairmanMELITON G. DASSUN, M.D.M. FLORITA G. LOPEZ, Ed. D. Member Member Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master inDevelopment Management major in Public Management.ZENAIDA U. SUYAT, Ed.D. VICTORIANO C. ESTIRA, Ph.D. Dean President ii
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT With profound thanks and gratitude, the researcher acknowledges Him, The GreatAlmighty, for giving her the courage, the intellect, the health, the inspiration and thedetermination to finish her research; for making impossible things happen. Likewise, the researcher extends her gratitude to the following: Dr. Josefina B. Bitonio, her adviser, for her untiring efforts, generous with hertime, encouragement and for sharing her brilliant ideas that paved the researcher the rightdirection; Dr. Leticia B. Ursua, her critic reader, for her pieces of advice and corrections upto the completion of this study; Dr. Zenaida U. Zuyat, Dean of the Graduate School and Chairman of the panel,whose concern and approach to thesis writing help make the researcher come up with abetter-focused paper. Dr. Florita G. Lopez and Professor Meliton G. Dassun, both her panel membersduring her defense, respectively, for their sharp minds and humane criticisms andsuggestions that have enriched the study; Dr. Eusebio F. Miclat Jr, her professor, for his teachings that provided theresearcher constant inspiration to move on; Dr. Paulo V. Cenas, her statistician, for sharing his expertise in the improvementof the research work; iii
  4. 4. Dr. Fe S. Soriano, for patiently taking down the suggestions during her proposaldefense to further enrich the study; To the librarians of the Pangasinan State University-Urdaneta Campus, DonMariano Marcos Memorial State University–La Union Campus and University of thePhilippines National College of Public Administration and Governance–Diliman, QuezonCity, for their invaluable assistance in helping the researcher locate the reading materials; Rev. Augusto Kho, Mr. Art Ema, Mr. Mario Torio, Rev. Henry Roque and Mrs.Anabelle Roque, Mrs. Mercedita Bartolome, Mrs. Maricris Martin, Mr. Phillip Rivera,Engr. Mario Moreno and Hon. Rosary “Chinky” Perez, the researcher’s MDMclassmates, for their love and prayers which provided her constant inspiration to moveon; Ms. Ma. Kristina Evangelista and Ms. Prudencia Luz Serrano, for their friendlyand easy-going manner that have made my thesis writing a pleasant experience. Mr. Rosalio Cabaña, Mr. Leo Icutan and Ms. Sheryl Sumera, for the help theyhave extended her; Mr. Michael Eucapor, Mr. Ronel Galvan, Mrs. Sheryl Valdez, and Mr. ManuelRivera, and other colleagues and friends at the Urdaneta City University for their moralsupport; Ms. Jovelyn Guieb, Ms. Mary Ann Mije, Ms. Jennifer Peralta, and Ma’am RoseNavarro, her other friends, Mr. Edwin Gomez, Mr. Arjhay Matute, Mr. Mark DaveManantan, Mr. Mars Roderic del Castillo, Mr. Wilmer Gumtang and Mommy Cristy, fortheir inspiring presence and assistance; iv
  5. 5. Her parents, Mr. Anacleto and Mrs. Teresita, whose guidance and teachings haveserved as a strong foundation for her to face life’s burden; Kuya Christopher and Ate Sharon, Ate Febie, Kuya John, Hanjin, and hernephew Hanz Frederick, for their unselfish effort, tender care and untiring support thathave been her inspiration in the pursuit of the study and in all her endeavors. To the others whom the researcher might have failed to mention but haveprovided her the moral, spiritual and logistic support and the expertise in the completionof this work and in making this dream come true. Noime F. Salon v
  6. 6. DEDICATION This humble piece of work is dedicated to my family most especially to my sister, Febie,for their steadfast love and all-out support. vi
  7. 7. ABSTRACTResearcher: Noime Francisco SalonDegree / Specialization: Master in Development Management, Public ManagementResearch Title: Development Orientation and Governance of Municipal and City Government Officials in PangasinanAdviser: Josefina B. Bitonio, D.P.A.Institution: Pangasinan State University Graduate SchoolAddress: Urdaneta City, Pangasinan This study was conducted to assess the development orientation and governanceof the municipal and city government officials of Pangasinan. The different variablescontributing to development orientation are change orientation, action propensity,commitment to economic development, concern for conflict avoidance, and selflessnesswhile the basic elements for manifestation of governance are accountability,participation, predictability and transparency. The descriptive-correlation method of research was used and a questionnaire wasused as the primary data gathering tool. The data were analyzed using descriptivestatistics such as frequency counts, percentages, means and average weighted means. ThePearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Multivariate Analysis of Variance(MANOVA) were also used. Majority of the government officials are 41 to 50 years of age, male, married, acollege graduate, have rendered service in the government for 10-18 years. The vii
  8. 8. respondents’ development orientation along change orientation, action propensity,commitment to economic development and selflessness were rated very high whileconcern for conflict avoidance was rated high by the respondents. Further, there was avery much manifested rating by the municipal and city government officials on theirmanifestation of governance in the areas of accountability, participation, predictabilityand transparency. The variables change orientation, action propensity, commitment to economicdevelopment, concern for conflict avoidance and selflessness as development orientationindicators are not significantly correlated to the manifestation of governance. However,government officials’ commitment to economic development is a determinant onmanifestation on accountability, and concern for conflict avoidance could influence themanifestation of transparency of the government officials. Municipal and city government officials’ development orientation andmanifestation of governance are not significantly different across their personalcharacteristics. However, it is interesting to note that only gender of the personalcharacteristics has significant difference in the manifestation of governance of therespondents. The three most common problems being encountered by the government officialsthat affect their manifestation of governance are low compensation was first in ranked,second was the non performance of work, and absence of recognition of civil societycontribution to government ranked as number three. It is recommended that further studies using other factors should be undertaken. viii
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