Bureaucratic Reforms


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Reforms in Malaysia, Liberia & Philippines

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Bureaucratic Reforms

  1. 1. By:Edwin B.R. Gbargaye Behavioral Dimension: Attributes & Rules of Development Administrators; Bureaucratic Reforms Professor: Jo B. Bitonio DM 212 Human Resource Management & Development
  2. 2. Reforms <ul><li>Many concepts in public sector innovation came from a reform movement known as “New Public Management” or “Reinventing Government” </li></ul><ul><li>Most students of governmental reform credit for beginning this movement to Margaret Thatcher who came to office in 1979 in Great Britain </li></ul>Introduction
  3. 3. <ul><li>For others the challenge outmoded bureaucracies and bring them into the information age </li></ul><ul><li>In some countries this movement has been called reinventing government </li></ul><ul><li>To other countries, it is referred to as building state capacity or modernization of the State </li></ul><ul><li>To some countries this is named New Public Management </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>For some countries government reforms and innovations involves the reform of the old bureaucracies in the context of a newly democratic state. </li></ul><ul><li>For other countries this entails an all out fight against corruption </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>the reform aim to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of public action, to reduce costs and put an end to the supposed power of bureaucracies </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Government reforms are not easy </li></ul><ul><li>It disrupts established relationships and behavior </li></ul><ul><li>World’s nation engaged in serious efforts to reform their government and inject a culture of innovation into their government bureaucracies </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>* American governmental reform was largely due to public dissatisfaction with government </li></ul><ul><li>* European Union was mandated to reform due to its vision & mission </li></ul><ul><li>* Former Soviet Bloc administrative reform went hand in hand with democratization and political reform </li></ul><ul><li>* Latin America was repeated economic crises the failure of 'primera generacion' of reforms to achieve economic stability </li></ul>Root Causes of National Reform Movements
  8. 8. <ul><li>Survey conducted in 1999 found that during the last two decades: </li></ul><ul><li>  40 % of the world's 123 countries had at least one major reform movement </li></ul><ul><li>  15 % had some public management reforms but no national level initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>  22 % of the world's largest countries had 2 or more reform movements. </li></ul><ul><li>  Most of the major latin american countries have had one major reform especially with 'modernization of the state' </li></ul>Public Management Reform
  9. 9. <ul><li>1. 1980’s – Government concentrated on economic liberalization and on privatization of state owned industries </li></ul><ul><li>2. 1990’s – focus on the administrative reform of core state functions and the building of state capacity </li></ul>The Global Government Reform Two Phases :
  10. 10. A. Malaysia - Asia B. France - Europe C. Liberia - Africa D. Mexico - Latin America International Scene
  11. 11. Malaysia Malaysian Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
  12. 12. <ul><li>Administrative Reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of a development administration </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of government's education and training program </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of professional competence of the civil service </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Appraisal </li></ul><ul><li>Privatization </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul>Malaysia
  13. 13. France French President Nicolas Sarkozy
  14. 14. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>France <ul><li>Reviewing of Public Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership Role </li></ul><ul><li>Council of Modernization of Public Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Council d'Etat </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  15. 15. Liberia President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf
  16. 16. <ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>'A New Era of Democracy‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Today, we wholeheartedly embrace this change. We recognize that this change is not for the sake of change,  but a fundamental break with the past, ... Corruption erodes faith in government because of the mismanagement and misapplication of public resources,...corruption is a national cancer. under my administration corruption is declared as 'public enemy number one'. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>January 6, 2006
  17. 17. <ul><li>Reform in the executive authority </li></ul><ul><li>Restructuring of the national security </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory government </li></ul><ul><li>Civil service reform </li></ul><ul><li>Downsizing and rightsizing the civil service </li></ul><ul><li>Judiciary reform </li></ul><ul><li>Constitutional reform </li></ul>Liberia
  18. 18. President Felipe Calderon Mexico
  19. 19. <ul><li>Good governance </li></ul><ul><li>Rule of law </li></ul><ul><li>transparency </li></ul><ul><li>accountability </li></ul><ul><li>small and effective bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Peoples' participation </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen’s Charter </li></ul><ul><li>Qualified staff and personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Streamline bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>Regulatory reform </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>Mexico
  20. 20. “ one of the fundamental ingredients of the new governance is good government. A government close to society, always ready to listen to it; a government fully respectful of legality, honest, transparent and efficient; but above all, a government conscious of its mission of promoting human and social development as the basis for attaining a more just and prosperous society” President Vicente Fox of Mexico 2000-2006
  21. 21. As Obama often says – “ a new era of reform where there will be a progressive mobilization to keep the pressure on and overcome entrenched interests” . . .
  22. 22. References: <ul><li>Dr. Elaine C. Karmarck Government Innovation Ash Institute for Democratic Governance & Innovation J.F.K SG., Harvard University November 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Zifack, 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Kickert, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Pollitt and Bouckaert, 2000 </li></ul><ul><li>Fauroux, Spitz, 2000   </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Centre de recherches politiques de la sorbomue (CPRS), University of Paris1/ CNRS </li></ul><ul><li>Dreyfus, FRtrancois, 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  23. 23. Thank you for your attention