Fire Prevention Program (FPP) of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) in Urdaneta City
FIRE PREVENTION PROGRAM (FPP) OF THE BUREAU OF FIRE PROTECTION (BFP) in URDANETA CITY ____________________________________ A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School Pangasinan State University Urdaneta City, Pangasinan __________________________________ In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master in Development Management major in Public Management ____________________________________ by ERNESTO F. GANDIA March 2008
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The researcher wishes to express his heartfelt and profound gratitude to all thoseunselfishly helped and contributed to the realization of this academic endeavor.Specifically, he invokes the Almighty’s blessings upon the following: Dr. Eusebio F. Miclat, Jr., Campus Dean of PSU Bayambang and presently theMDM Program Adviser in the PSU Graduate School, Urdaneta City campus, whosefatherly advice, untiring efforts, and constant encouragement pushed the researcher topursue the completion of the study and for his scholarly suggestions have greatlyimproved the paper. Dr. Josefina B. Bitonio and Dr. Domingo M. Cabarteja, my adviser and criticreader, respectively, of this study, for their never ending advice, continuous support andcorrections up to the completion of this endeavor; Dr. Zenaida U. Suyat and Professor Meliton G. Dassun, Dean and professor,respectively, of PSU Graduate School, for all their words of encouragement that helpedthe researcher defeat his fears and reservations; Dr. Florita G. Lopez, Associate Dean PSU-GS, for her guidance to the researcherregarding the sequential procedures in the preparation of the defense; Sr. Supt. Rodrigo R. Abrazaldo and Supt. Leonard M. Consolacion, RegionalDirector, Bureau of Fire Protection Region 1 and Provincial Fire Marshal of Pangasinan,respectively, for the former guidance and understanding to the researcher relevant to hisduties and functions and the latter approval to gather data and administer the instrument; To all the employees of the PSU Graduate School, Urdaneta City, for beinghospitable and courteous to the researcher every time we rubbed elbows in their offices;
To all the uniform and non uniform BFP personnel of Urdaneta City Fire Station,Dagupan City Fire Station and Office of the Provincial Fire Marshal, Pangasinan, forgiving their unwavering assistance and support in gathering data and information thatsignificantly contributed to the completion of the study; To a person whose name was not included, but in one way or another played animportant role that contributed in the success of this undertaking; His dearest wife, Tita, and daughters Tephanie and Steffi, who served as hisinspirations in the completion of this thesis; and Above all, to the Almighty God, whom he gets his vigor and knowledge thatserved as his weapon and screen in making this masterpiece a success. ERNESTO F. GANDIA
DEDICATION I lovingly and heartily dedicate this humble work to all the men and womenof the Fire Service for their dedication to servethe country, took risk and heedless of their lives, so that others may survive… EFG
ABSTRACTResearcher: ERNESTO F. GANDIADegree / Specialization: Master in Development Management, Public ManagementResearch Title: FIRE PREVENTION PROGRAM (FPP) OF THE BUREAU OF FIRE PROTECTION (BFP) in URDANETA CITYAdviser: Josefina B. Bitonio, D.P.A.Institution: Pangasinan State University Graduate SchoolAddress: Urdaneta City, Pangasinan The study evaluated the Fire Prevention Program (FPP) particularly theenforcement phase of the Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) in the city of Urdaneta duringthe period of 2006 to 2007, as to whether it was fully implemented or not. It alsodetermined the extent of compliance by the business/building owners/occupants to thestandards of the Fire Code of the Philippines (FCP), as assessed by the BFP personnel ofUrdaneta City and the level of effectiveness in the implementation of the FPP, asperceived by the BFP personnel and residents of the city. The problems encountered bythe BFP personnel and residents in the implementation and compliance of the FPP, andtheir solutions adopted in their encountered problems were also looked into. The studytested the following null hypotheses, viz. :( 1) There is no significant relationshipbetween the selected socio-demographic profile of the BFP personnel and the level ofeffectiveness in the implementation of the Fire Prevention Program in Urdaneta City, and(2) There is no significant difference in the level of effectiveness in the implementation
of the Fire Prevention Program in Urdaneta City as perceived by the BFP personnel andthe residents. The study used the descriptive-evaluative research design. The major instrumentsused were the two sets of questionnaires, one for the BFP personnel (implementers) andthe other was for the business/building owners/occupants (residents). The contentvalidity of both instruments were computed and established. Said questionnaires werepilot tested to a few BFP personnel of Dagupan City Fire Station and residents ofDagupan City. The business/building owners/occupants were randomly selected using samplingtechniques from the copy of the official records provided by the Business PermitLicensing Office of the City of Urdaneta. The hypotheses of the study were tested using the t-test for correlated means anddifference between means at .05 level of significance.Summary of Findings Socio-demographic Profiles of the BFP personnel. a. Pertaining to age, the average age of the BFP personnel assigned in Urdanetais 39.78. The youngest is 28 years old while the oldest is 53 years old. b. Concerning the educational attainment, majority of the BFP personnel (66.7%)assigned in Urdaneta had finished their Baccalaureate Degree. c. Looking into the years of service, a little more than one-third (38.90%) of theBFP personnel have 10 and below years of service, while a little more than one-fourth(27.80%) had rendered 11-15 years of service
d. By rank, a little more than one-fourth (27.8%) of the BFP personnel have therank of FO1. e. For training attended, four-fifths(83.3%) of the implementors had finished theirPublic Safety Basic Recruit Course (PSBRC) or Fire Service Basic Course (FSBC), whilea little less than two-fifths (38.9%) had undergone Fire Arson Investigation andInspection Course (FAIIC) No one among the personnel attended the Fire Alarm andDetection Seminar. Level of Effectiveness in the Implementation of the Fire Prevention Program(FPP). a. On the conduct of fire safety inspection as a requirement to the grant of permitsand/or licenses, for the occupancy of the building and installation of fire protection andfire safety equipment, the personnel and the residents have the same descriptive rating of“High.” b. On the requirements for businesses, structures, premises and facilities inUrdaneta City, the personnel and the residents apparently differ in their perception withregards to the level of effectiveness of the FPP in Urdaneta City on fire safetyrequirements to businesses, structures and their premises or facilities, the BFP rated“High” compared to the residents’ rating of “Moderate.” c. On the requirement of fire safety measures for hazardous materials, the BFPrated it “High.” Conversely, the residents rated “Low.” Extent of Compliance to the Fire Code of the Philippines. The BFP personnelassessed the compliance of the standards of the FCP as “High.”
Problems Encountered by the BFP Personnel in the Implementation of theFPP. The problems encountered by the implementers of the FPP in Urdaneta City wereranked from one to nine in terms of magnitude as follows: (1) lack of firefightingequipments (2) lack of fire personnel to implement the FPP (3) old and dilapidated firetrucks (4). lack of financial and logistical support (5) Lack of cooperation or willingnesson the part of the building/business owners/occupants on fire prevention program; (6)Political/VIP interventions; and (7) Inadequate communication equipment (8) lack ofenough information and knowledge on the provisions of PD 1185 and (9) lack ofinvestigative gear and equipment to be used in fire investigation. Problems Encountered by the Residents. The problems were ranked from oneto six in terms of seriousness namely: (1) Lack of financial resources to comply therequirements (2) unclear and inappropriate Fire Code requirement/s recommended by theBFP for the residents to comply (3) proliferation of person not a BFP personnel posing asa fire safety inspector (4) the conduct of fire safety inspection by BFP personnel who arenot in proper uniform. (5) very short time given to them to comply for the requirements(6) corrupt BFP personnel implementing the FPP. Solutions Adopted by the BFP Personnel. The solutions were also ranked oneto six based on the number of responses as follows: (1) conduct more Fire SafetyEducation to the residents (2) allocate more funds for the Fire Prevention Program (3)the reassignment or recruitment of additional BFP personnel to increase the existingpersonnel and the BFP or LGU to purchase or provide additional firefighting equipmentto be used by fire personnel of Urdaneta City (4) coordinate to the politician/VIPregarding their interventions and explain to them the importance of the program and the
possible consequences if all of the time the BFP acceded or granted their request and BFPto purchase new fire trucks (5) opportunity for more training on Fire Arson Investigation& Inspection Course and other related courses pertaining to the Fire Code should beprovided by the BFP to all interested BFP personnel and (6) BFP or LGU to purchase orprovide additional radios/telephone and cell phones to be used by fire personnel ofUrdaneta City. Solutions Adopted by the Residents. Only 16-29% of the residents adoptedsome solution to the problems encountered with the BFP in the implementation of thelatter of the FPP which were ranked one to six accordingly based on the number ofresponses as follows (1) e recommendation/s should be within the provisions of the FireCode of the Philippines (2) e no entertaining of person conducting fire safety inspection ifnot in proper uniform and no ID to present (3) s the business owners/occupants should begiven more leeway in the compliance of the requirement/s of the Fire Code of thePhilippines and report immediately any corrupt actions undertaken by BFP personnel tohis superior, Local Chief Executive or the media (4) s the BFP personnel should be morecourteous and careful in conducting fire safety inspection (5) owners/occupants should begiven more enough extension of time in complying the Fire Code requirement/s (6) BFPpersonnel conducting inspection should be in proper uniform. Test of Hypotheses. a. The relationship of the selected socio-demographical profile of BFP personnelin Urdaneta City to the level of effectiveness in the implementation of the FPP is foundall to be not significant.
b. There is a significant difference in the level of effectiveness in theimplementation of the Fire Prevention Program in Urdaneta City as perceived by the BFPpersonnel and the residents. The BFP personnel and residents differ in their perception inthe level of effectiveness in the implementation of the FPP on the conduct of fire safetyinspection and in the implementation of the FPP on the fire safety measures on hazardousmaterials. CONCLUSIONS Based on the findings of the study, the following conclusions are arrived at: The BFP personnel of Urdaneta City are relatively young, highly educated,experienced, well positioned in the rank and file, well trained in Fire Safety BasicCourse, but wanting in Fire Safety Advance Courses. The level of effectiveness by BFP and the resident s in the implementation of theFire Prevention Program (FPP) in Urdaneta manifested a “High” rating. On the extent of compliance by the city residents to the standards of the Fire Codeof the Philippines (PD 1185), the BFP personnel gave a rating of “High.” The top three problems observed by the BFP personnel in the implementation ofthe FPP in Urdaneta City are: (1) lack of firefighting equipment, (2) lack of personnel,and (3) old and dilapidated fire trucks. On the part of the city residents, identifiedproblems are: (1) lack of financial resources, (2) unclear and inappropriate requirementsof the Fire Code on their part, and (3) proliferation of individuals posing as fire safetyinspectors. Solutions adopted to identified problems by the BFP personnel are (1) conductand dissemination of Fire Safety Education, (2) allocation of more funds by the DILG-
BFP and the city government, and (3) increase number of BFP personnel, while the cityresidents recommendations are : (1) Dissemination of the provisions of the Fire Code ofthe Philippines, (2) rejection of BFP fire safety inspector who cannot present an ID andnot in uniform, and (3) flexibility and leeway in the compliance with the Fire Code. The BFP personnel’s selected profiles variables were found to be not significantlyrelated in the level of effectiveness in the implementation of the FPP while theperceptions of the BFP personnel And the city residents on the level of effectivenesswere all found to be significantly different. RECOMMENDATIONS On the basis of the foregoing findings and conclusions, the followingrecommendations are forwarded: 1. BFP personnel in Urdaneta City should given the opportunity to attend trainingprograms particularly on Fire Safety Advance Courses. DILG and if possible the citygovernment should add more personnel for the unit in Urdaneta City. 2. DILG-BFP should address directly the problems of the BFP in Urdaneta Cityparticularly on: a. Lack of firefighting equipments; b. Provisions of new fire trucks; and c. Additional allotment for supplies and materials. 3. BFP Urdaneta City should give more information and education campaign onthe Fire Code of the Philippines. These campaigns should be conducted in the barangayswith support of the city council and the barangay council in the city.
4. BFP Urdaneta City should closely police its rank and file to eliminateinstances of fire safety impostors. It should also conduct regular inspections of buildingsand business establishments of different type of occupancies, to negate the occurrence offire. 5. Replication of the study is also recommended. iv