Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan by Annabel T. Roque

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Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan by Annabel T. Roque

  1. 1. ABSTRACT Research Title : Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan. Researcher : Annabel T. Roque Adviser : Dr. Josefina B. Bitonio Institution : Pangasinan State University, Graduate School Urdaneta City Date of Graduation : March, 2012 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- - The study determined the enterprise development of persons with disabilities in Pangasinan. The researcher used administrative theory propounded by Henry Fayol (1949). The theory was used to study the enterprise development for the Federation of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan (FPWDP). The theory was applied in the organization and management of a cooperatively owned enterprise by FPWDP. The elements of administrative theory relate to accomplishment of tasks, including the principles of management, the concept of line and staff, committees and functions of management. The principal method used by the researcher in conducting this study was the descriptive-survey method. A total of 28 respondents who are officers of the Federation of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan and officers and members of the city/municipal PWD associations. A questionnaire checklist was used as the primary data gathering tool supplemented by documentary analysis of the institutional and financial report. Based from the findings, the researcher prepared plan of action to be implemented FY 2012-2013 consisted of five phases: preparatory, CDA registration, membership to NFCPWD, launching of the cooperative and monitoring and evaluation.
  2. 2. Profile of Respondent Age. The data show four or 14.3% of the respondents are 25 years and below, six or 21.4% are between 26-35 years old, five or 17.9% are between 36-45 years old, nine or 32.1% are between 46-55 years old, and four or 14.3% are above 56 years old; Gender. There are 15 males or 53.6% and 13 females or 46.4% of the total respondents; Educational Attainment. There are two respondents or 7.1% who are elementary graduates, six are high school graduates, four are vocational course graduates, and 16 are college graduates; Civil Status. 11 respondents or 39.3% are single, 16 are married and one, widow; Type of Disability. There are 22 or 78.6% are orthopedically impaired, three or 10.7% are visually impaired, two or 7.1% are with chronic illnesses, and one or 3.6% is speech impaired; No. of Years in PWD organization. There are 15 or 53.6% with five years below as officer/member of a PWD organization, seven or 25.0% have 6-10 years, three or 10.7% have 11-15 years and three or 10.7% of them also have 16 years and above as officer/member; Occupation. There are 20 or 71.4% are skilled workers, three or 10.7% are unskilled and five respondents or 17.9% indicated no present employment. Per other information in the questionnaire and through interviews, skilled and professional workers includes ten government employees with casual/job order status, three are church pastors, three manage their own business, two are blind masseurs, one as Day Care Worker, and one as an appliance technician managing his own shop. Those unskilled are specifically engaged in farming, managing a sari-sari store, and as a beauty product dealer; and Position in PWD Organization. There are 19 or 67.9% officers of the Federation, city and municipal associations while there are nine or 32.1% who are just members. Most of the officers correspond to the leaders of their respective LGUs and 8 of them are officers of FPWDP.
  3. 3. Organizational Strengths and Weaknesses of Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan A. Strengths. The findings reveal the indicators that were rated “very strong” as follows: qualified and trained leaders (4.50), pool of partners/networks (4.45), and supportive LGUs/MSWDOs (4.44). The two other indicators namely program funding source supported by legal bases (3.88),) and member associations with existing livelihood projects (3.75). The overall weighted mean is 4.20 with a descriptive rating of ”very strong”. B. Weaknesses. Then findings reveal that three (3) indicators that showed a descriptive rating of “very weak” are unstable income of officers/members (4.22), inactive city/municipal associations (4.40), and no concrete program for PWDs (4.50). The two remaining indicators are Geographical/physical inaccessibility (3.58) and no complete data/statistics of PWDs (3.75). The overall weighted mean is 4.09 which have a descriptive rating of “weak”. Strategies to be adopted for Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan The findings reveal that two indicators were rated “very often” namely: Call meetings to announce, formalize and monitor the need to organize and establish a cooperative of PWDs in Pangasinan(4.36), and Campaign and promote membership (4.32). The rest of the indicators were rated “often” as follows: Work on the requirements prescribed by CDA (4.11), Linkage- building and capital build-up (3.96), Conduct reorganization of the FPWDP (3.75), Conduct dialogues with LCEs. (3.89), Draft and lobby for local legislations (3.71), Conduct actual visits and interviews to PWDs with cooperative program (3.68).
  4. 4. Status of Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pan The Status of Enterprise Development of Persons with Disabilities in Pangasinan in terms of FPWDP’s membership, resources and capitalization and partners/networks showed that: a. Membership. There are 39 organized and 8 not organized PWD associations of which there are 23 active and 17 inactive associations in Pangasinan. Figure 4 presents the FPWDP chart of membership . b. Resources/Capitalization. As per treasurer’s report, the FPWDP has a total of P15,000.00 as December 31, 2011. c. Partners/Network. The FPWDS has 14 partner Government Agencies: Provincial/City/Municipal LGUs, NCDA, CDA, DSWD, AVRC,TESDA, DOLE, DTI, DILG, CHR, DOST, DepEd, DOH, DPWH; three (3) Non Government Organizations: NFCPWD, LDS, UMC and five (5) People’s Organization: RAPWD, WWD, FSPAP, KAMPI, AKAPIN (See acronyms ). In the light of the foregoing findings in this study, the following conclusions were drawn: 1. The respondents are of legal age, skilled, married, slightly male dominated, with five years membership in the PWDO and generally have orthopedic/moving impairment. 2. The FPWDP is ”very strong” in terms of having trained and qualified leaders and able support of NGAs, NGOs, and POs. The weaknesses are unstable income of officers/member, and inactive city/municipal associations. 3. The strategies identified as top priorities are the organizational meeting and preparation of registration requirements with the CDA.
  5. 5. 4. The association can be qualified as cooperative based on their initial membership, capitalization and with the technical support of partners. In the light of the findings of the study, the researcher recommends the adoption and implementation of the proposed action plan FY 2012 which covers five (5) phases: preparatory, CDA registration, membership to NFCPWD, launching of the cooperative and monitoring and evaluation.
  6. 6. 4. The association can be qualified as cooperative based on their initial membership, capitalization and with the technical support of partners. In the light of the findings of the study, the researcher recommends the adoption and implementation of the proposed action plan FY 2012 which covers five (5) phases: preparatory, CDA registration, membership to NFCPWD, launching of the cooperative and monitoring and evaluation.

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