Biomedical waste- is defined as the waste generated during the diagnosis treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining there to or in the production of testing Biomedical wate is generated in different department of the hospital in health care setting , about 85% of the waste generated is non hazardous, about 10% is infection and 5% non infection but hazardous waste
a)Clinical waste: Clinical waste includes body fluid, drainage bags, blood collection tubes, vials, culture dishes, other types of broken/unbroken glassware that were in contact with infectious agents, gauze, bandage or any other materials that were in contact with infectious agents or blood, pathological waste including organs, body parts, tissues. These are potentially dangerous and presents a high risk of infection. .
b)Laboratory waste: Laboratory waste is also of high risk category. This includes chemicals used in the pathological laboratories, microbial cultures, and clinical specimens, slide, culture dish, needle, syringes, as well as radioactive waste such as iodine-125, iodine -131, etc. .
c)Non-clinical waste: Wrapping paper, office paper, and plastic that have not been in contact with patient body fluid are the examples of non- clinical waste d) Kitchen waste: Kitchen waste includes food waste, dirty water, etc. It is also a potential source of pests and vermin, thus creates an indirect hazard to staff and hospital patients
Waste is collected from a small bowl or bin, kept under each bed in a hospital or a clinic and then either in a large plastic bag or a (plastic or metal) bucket. With a push cart these wastes are then carried to the
nearest municipal bin for dumping. The municipal bins are either within hospital premises or outside the municipal bins . This waste is then collected from municipal bins by trucks and carried to the landfill area for final disposal hospital. Waste from operation theaters, laboratories and hospital kitchens are also dumped into the same
Medical waste usually consists of clinical and non-clinical waste. Such pollutants can, therefore, be broadly classified into solid wastes, and liquid waste (wastewater). Both are important sources of environmental degradation and constitute a health hazard.
For example the soil on which waste is dumped is a reservoir of microbial life. Also waste- contaminated water contains pathogenic micro- organisms which can cause many diseases.
Destroy the needle and syringes separate sharps in plastic box provided and send to pharmacy stores
Evaluate the present scenario this entails preaudit and auditing of hospital waste preparation of job charts for hospital waste management Asses all cost associated with waste management Train the trainees and employers Evaluate technical procedures, cost and policies