Hospital waste management Real time Analysis


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Hospital waste management Real time Analysis

  1. 1.  Biomedical waste- is defined as the waste generated during the diagnosis treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or in research activities pertaining there to or in the production of testing Biomedical wate is generated in different department of the hospital in health care setting , about 85% of the waste generated is non hazardous, about 10% is infection and 5% non infection but hazardous waste
  2. 2.  a)Clinical waste: Clinical waste includes body fluid, drainage bags, blood collection tubes, vials, culture dishes, other types of broken/unbroken glassware that were in contact with infectious agents, gauze, bandage or any other materials that were in contact with infectious agents or blood, pathological waste including organs, body parts, tissues. These are potentially dangerous and presents a high risk of infection. .
  3. 3.  b)Laboratory waste: Laboratory waste is also of high risk category. This includes chemicals used in the pathological laboratories, microbial cultures, and clinical specimens, slide, culture dish, needle, syringes, as well as radioactive waste such as iodine-125, iodine -131, etc. .
  4. 4.  c)Non-clinical waste: Wrapping paper, office paper, and plastic that have not been in contact with patient body fluid are the examples of non- clinical waste d) Kitchen waste: Kitchen waste includes food waste, dirty water, etc. It is also a potential source of pests and vermin, thus creates an indirect hazard to staff and hospital patients
  5. 5.  Waste is collected from a small bowl or bin, kept under each bed in a hospital or a clinic and then either in a large plastic bag or a (plastic or metal) bucket. With a push cart these wastes are then carried to the
  6. 6. nearest municipal bin for dumping. The municipal bins are either within hospital premises or outside the municipal bins . This waste is then collected from municipal bins by trucks and carried to the landfill area for final disposal hospital. Waste from operation theaters, laboratories and hospital kitchens are also dumped into the same
  7. 7.  Medical waste usually consists of clinical and non-clinical waste. Such pollutants can, therefore, be broadly classified into solid wastes, and liquid waste (wastewater). Both are important sources of environmental degradation and constitute a health hazard.
  8. 8.  For example the soil on which waste is dumped is a reservoir of microbial life. Also waste- contaminated water contains pathogenic micro- organisms which can cause many diseases.
  9. 9.  Destroy the needle and syringes separate sharps in plastic box provided and send to pharmacy stores
  10. 10.  Evaluate the present scenario this entails preaudit and auditing of hospital waste preparation of job charts for hospital waste management Asses all cost associated with waste management Train the trainees and employers Evaluate technical procedures, cost and policies