Standard English Dialect


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The history of Standard English and the issues and implications of Standard English in the classroom and life. The confusion between Standard English and Received Pronunciation.

Published in: Education, Technology

Standard English Dialect

  1. 1. Standard English Dialect A Variety of English
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Definitions of Standard English. </li></ul><ul><li>A brief history of Standard English. </li></ul><ul><li>Issues and implications of Standard English for teachers and students. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definitions of Standard English <ul><li>Peter Trudgill University of Lausanne </li></ul><ul><li>Standard English is the variety of English normally used in writing, and is the variety taught to non native learners. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the variety associated with the education system in all English speaking countries. </li></ul><ul><li>It is agreed that Standard English has nothing to do with pronunciation. In Britain Received Pronunciation (RP) is a purely social accent. </li></ul><ul><li>It is fairly common for a speaker to use Standard English and deliver it with a regional, and national accent. </li></ul>
  4. 4. A Brief History of Standard English <ul><li> Language and Time by Prof. David Crystal </li></ul><ul><li>The Middle Ages: </li></ul><ul><li>Britain was multilingual: Latin, French, English coexisted. </li></ul><ul><li>There were hundreds of dialects and regional accents. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the only period in the history of English when regional variation was reflected in the written language </li></ul><ul><li>so widely and so unselfconsciously. </li></ul><ul><li>There was no inferiority associated with dialect variation even in Shakespeare’s time. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Eighteenth Century <ul><li>Class distinction through speech and accent became very important. </li></ul><ul><li>Class divisions in British society got wider and contrasts with urban and rural dialects became increasingly polarized. </li></ul><ul><li>Writers were advising the ‘provincials’ to adopt the London accent. This accent was named Received Pronunciation (now referred to as RP) . </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Issues and implications of Standard English for ESOL teachers and students. <ul><li>Issues and implications in writing. </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Trudgill , University of Lausanne </li></ul><ul><li>From an educational point of view, the position of Standard English as the dialect of English used in writing is unassailable. </li></ul><ul><li>David Crystal in Discover Grammar. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to learn Standard English grammar forms, especially when you write, if you want to be a part of the wider community. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Issues and implications of pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>Jeremy Harmer – The Practice of English Language Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>We should expose students to different language varieties in listening (and reading) texts. </li></ul><ul><li>Meryl Wilkins - ‘ Teaching pronunciation to bilingual adults resident in Britain.’ </li></ul><ul><li>There is an assumption that one accent is superior to all others…we need to show students an awareness of the variety of accent to be met amongst native English speakers. </li></ul><ul><li>There is an assumption that it is ‘bad’ to have an accent. It is important students do not lose confidence and pride in the way they speak. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Conclusions <ul><li>Standard English is a variety of English. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard English refers to the use of certain grammatical rules and the use of certain vocabulary items. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard English is associated with an accent called Received Pronunciation and is based on social class not on geographical origins of the speaker. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard English is important for all ESOL students to understand what Standard English is and the importance in learn. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>To use Standard English you do not have to speak RP. </li></ul><ul><li>It is important for all students to understand what Standard English is and how to use it. </li></ul><ul><li>Acknowledge that a good grasp of Standard English gives students a great advantage in for example, exams and interviews. </li></ul>