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HIV & AIDSOne hour presentation                Tailor-Made Services
1a. The global epidemic
1.b South Africa: 5.2 millionHIV+ (Statssa)
2. History and origins of HIV   USA early 80s    ◦ Young men with diseases due to immune      deficiency    ◦ Acquired Im...
3. Reasons for high rates ofinfection in SA   Stigma   Myths   Slow response to epidemic   Sex roles   Lack of condom...
4. How the immune systemworks P1      P2       P3
5 a. How HIV affects the immune    system   When a person gets infected with HIV the CD4    cells see the virus and start...
5 b. How HIV affects the immunesystem                                  8
6. Disease Progression   How long from stage 1 – 4?    ◦   10 – 12 years    ◦   Depends on lifestyle    ◦   Co-infections...
7. HIV transmission   Not through casual contact, mosquitoes etc   How do we know this?    ◦ rates would be far higher  ...
8. Transmission and Prevention                                 11
9 a. Prevention of transmissionthrough blood contact   Universal precautions    ◦ Treat all blood as if it were HIV+    ◦...
9 b. Prevention of transmissionthrough blood contact   Workplaces should have    ◦ First aid kit    ◦ Trained person desi...
10. Managing HIV                   14
11. Antiretroviral drugs                           15
12. How do ARVs work?                        16
13. Why is it good to know yourHIV status?                                  17
14. What about the results?                   Good idea to                    ◦ test with your                      partn...
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AIDS HIV Basic Facts South Africa - Joanne Croome

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AIDS HIV Basic Facts South Africa - Joanne Croome

  1. 1. HIV & AIDSOne hour presentation Tailor-Made Services
  2. 2. 1a. The global epidemic
  3. 3. 1.b South Africa: 5.2 millionHIV+ (Statssa)
  4. 4. 2. History and origins of HIV USA early 80s ◦ Young men with diseases due to immune deficiency ◦ Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome France 1983 ◦ Isolated the virus that causes Aids ◦ Human Immunodeficiency Virus Possibly been around for about 100 years Origin ◦ Blood contact with chimpanzees in West Africa ◦ SIV – Simian Immunodeficiency Virus ◦ Mutated into HIV
  5. 5. 3. Reasons for high rates ofinfection in SA Stigma Myths Slow response to epidemic Sex roles Lack of condom use Multiple partners Many people unaware of being infected High rate of STIs
  6. 6. 4. How the immune systemworks P1 P2 P3
  7. 7. 5 a. How HIV affects the immune system When a person gets infected with HIV the CD4 cells see the virus and start to fight it But immune system can’t destroy HIV completely Instead HIV attacks the CD4 cells  Immune system starts to weaken immunodeficiency person gets sick more easily
  8. 8. 5 b. How HIV affects the immunesystem 8
  9. 9. 6. Disease Progression How long from stage 1 – 4? ◦ 10 – 12 years ◦ Depends on lifestyle ◦ Co-infections speed up course of disease ◦ Slow progressors/fast progressors Person who develops AIDS soon after diagnosis probably infected long time ago Rather chronic HIV infection than AIDS
  10. 10. 7. HIV transmission Not through casual contact, mosquitoes etc How do we know this? ◦ rates would be far higher ◦ more unexpected cases Infectious body fluids ◦ Blood ◦ Semen ◦ Vaginal fluids ◦ Breast milk
  11. 11. 8. Transmission and Prevention 11
  12. 12. 9 a. Prevention of transmissionthrough blood contact Universal precautions ◦ Treat all blood as if it were HIV+ ◦ Bleeding person should apply pressure to own wound ◦ Use gloves when working with body fluids ◦ Plastic bags if no gloves ◦ Blood spills  Paper towels  Flood with bleach to destroy HIV  Paper towels  Air dry
  13. 13. 9 b. Prevention of transmissionthrough blood contact Workplaces should have ◦ First aid kit ◦ Trained person designated to handle accidents Enforce use of safety equipment Waterproof dressings Possibility of blood contact at work? The PEP programme ◦ ARVS ◦ Rape/needle sticks/blood exposures
  14. 14. 10. Managing HIV 14
  15. 15. 11. Antiretroviral drugs 15
  16. 16. 12. How do ARVs work? 16
  17. 17. 13. Why is it good to know yourHIV status? 17
  18. 18. 14. What about the results?  Good idea to ◦ test with your partner ◦ discuss how you will cope before you go  No partner? ◦ test yourself ◦ always ask new partners to test ATICC 021 763 5320 18

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