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Jus Internet; Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet


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"Jus Internet..." to be presented at Wikimania 2010, Gdansk, July 9th

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Jus Internet; Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet

  1. 1. Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet Joanna Kulesza presented at Wikimania 2010, Gdańsk, July 9th, 2010 Jus Internet
  2. 2. Problem with law and the Internet
  3. 3. „ Shape” of law J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  4. 4. „ Shape” of the Internet J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  5. 5. Law and the Internet? J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  6. 6. How to rule the cyberspace? alternative solutions
  7. 7. „ civic virtue” 1998
  8. 8. <ul><li>David G. Post </li></ul><ul><li>UCLA Online Institute for Cyberspace Law and Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Law and Borders - the Rise of Law in Cyberspace , Stanford Law Review 1996 , no. 48 </li></ul><ul><li>The New ‘Civic Virtue’ of the Internet , The Emerging Internet - 1998 Annual Review of the Institute for Information Studies, Washington 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>In Search of Jefferson’s Moose – Notes on State in Cyberspace , Oxford, 2009 </li></ul>Autonomous law of cyberspace J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  9. 9. <ul><li>system based on territorial boarders doesn’t work in cyberspace </li></ul><ul><li>democracy has devaluated </li></ul><ul><li>a need to create special rules for on-line actions  a set of basic rules , common to all „cybernauts” </li></ul><ul><li>the carriers of „statehood” (~nationality) in cyberspace are its groups, „cyber-communities” </li></ul><ul><li>„ netizenship ” would result from membership to one of the cyber-communities, based on the choice of the „cybernaut” </li></ul><ul><li>autonomy of cyber-communities </li></ul>Autonomous law of cyberspace J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  10. 10. <ul><li>development of a scheme for „ civic virtue ” , as basis for a legal regime of cyberspace </li></ul><ul><li>a decentralized, diversified and complex model, just as the Internet itself </li></ul><ul><li>rules common to all cyber-communities would form the contents of „civic virtue” </li></ul><ul><li>neccesary: </li></ul><ul><li>internalisation </li></ul><ul><li>legitimisation </li></ul>Autonomous law of cyberspace J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  11. 11. „ hybryd economy” 2009
  12. 12. Hybryd economy <ul><li>new economic model, located between: </li></ul><ul><li>commercial economies and </li></ul><ul><li>sharing economies </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet Lawrence Lessig Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy , 2009 Yochai Benkler The Wealth of Networks , 2009
  13. 13. Commercial economy J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  14. 14. Sharing economy J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  15. 15. Difference? J. Kulesza, Ius Internet I’ll give you $20 if you make it all the way! Can you teach me how to skate? Sure! But it will cost you $5.
  16. 16. Hybryd economies <ul><li>arose with the increase of popularity of the Internet </li></ul><ul><li>not based on money, however it plays an important role therein ( Ch . Anderson , Free: The Future of a Radical Price , 2009 ) </li></ul><ul><li>„ LEGO mechanism” </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  17. 17. J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  18. 18. J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  19. 19. J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  20. 20. Wikinomics <ul><li>D. Tapscott, A. D. Williams, Wikinomics: How Mass Collaboration Changes Everything , 2008. </li></ul><ul><li>four principles of Wikinomics : </li></ul><ul><li>openness </li></ul><ul><li>peering </li></ul><ul><li>sharing </li></ul><ul><li>acting globally </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  21. 21. Freeconomy <ul><li>Ch . Anderson , Free: The Future of a Radical Price , 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>„ There's no such thing as a free lunch . ” M. Friedman </li></ul><ul><li>new role of money? new evaluation criteria? </li></ul><ul><li>motivation for „free” labour? </li></ul><ul><li>neccesity to search for new ways of making profit </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  22. 22. J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  23. 23. How does hybryd economy work?
  24. 24. Wikipedia principles <ul><li>Robustness principle ( Postel's Law ) : </li></ul><ul><li>Be conservative in what you do; be liberal in what you accept </li></ul><ul><li>Three original principles: </li></ul><ul><li>minimum of rules : </li></ul><ul><li>ignore all rules if they hinder creating a good encyclopaedia </li></ul><ul><li>no „warden s ” </li></ul><ul><li>no copyright infringement </li></ul><ul><li>NPoV </li></ul><ul><li>2. discussion (a discussion page) </li></ul><ul><li>3. people </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  25. 25. Five Wikipedia pillars <ul><li>Wikipedia is an encyclopedia . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia has a neutral point of view . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia is free content that anyone can edit and distribute. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedians should interact in a respectful and civil manner . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia does not have firm rules besides the five general principles presented here </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  26. 26. Wikipedia – problem solving <ul><li>discussion (common ground reached through compromise not through a majority vote) </li></ul><ul><li>mediation </li></ul><ul><li>„ locks” on controversial entries </li></ul><ul><li>blocking vandals </li></ul><ul><li>sharing of responsibilites among users (editors) </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  27. 27. Wikipedia – a symbol of success <ul><li>over 15 million articles (over 3.3 million in English) </li></ul><ul><li>up-to-date information (entries on latest news) </li></ul><ul><li>in-depth research behind controversial entries </li></ul><ul><li>Nature 2005 report: equal number of mistakes found on Wikipedia and Encyclopaedia Britannica </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  28. 28. Wikipedia – a summary <ul><li>Wikipedia – a social structure? </li></ul><ul><li>„ netizenship” </li></ul><ul><li>common goals and interests </li></ul><ul><li>subsidiarity </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons licenses </li></ul><ul><li>semiotic democracy </li></ul><ul><li>QUALITY over QUANTITY </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  29. 29. Law of cyber-communities Law of cyberspace
  30. 30. Cyber-communities <ul><li>Community is a group of individuals with a common goal and interests , where social ties and relations form a complete and ordered scheme </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber-community is a community based on a particular form of communication (Internet) with a common rules, the breach of which may cause restriction of member rights or elimination from the group </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  31. 31. Law of cyber-communities? <ul><li>How to identify rules common to all cyber-communities? </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  32. 32. Law of the nations – jus gentium <ul><li>Jus gentium – in Roman Empire a customary regulation , used to shape the relations among the non-citizens </li></ul><ul><li>based on two pilars: </li></ul><ul><li>mutual trust ( fides) </li></ul><ul><li>equity ( aeguitas) </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  33. 33. Law of the nations – jus gentium <ul><li>contents of the jus gentium norms were shaped by two sets of rules: </li></ul><ul><li>law of nature (rules common to all humans) and </li></ul><ul><li>religious law </li></ul><ul><li>the custom allowed for the creation of positive law: </li></ul><ul><li> international law </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  34. 34. Law of cyber-communities – jus Internet <ul><li>rules common to all cyber-communities </li></ul><ul><li>contents: ethical norms common to all cyber-communities (D. Post: „civic virtue”) </li></ul><ul><li>form: custom , eventually evolving into statutory law </li></ul><ul><li>way of implementation : computer code (L. Lessig: „on the Internet code is law”) </li></ul><ul><li>source of power : common interest , eventually: force of law (Internet Framework Convention) </li></ul>J. Kulesza, Ius Internet
  35. 35. Thank you for your attention Jus Internet Wikipedia and the future of law of the Internet Joanna Kulesza [email_address]