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Why social networking experiences are crucial for teachers

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This was an invited presentation for Concordia University Texas, presented on November 13, 2014.
Please click "Notes" to see generally what I said for each slide.
Article Reference: Hughes, J. E., Ko, Y., Lim, M. , & Liu, S. (In Press.) Preservice teachers’ social networking use, concerns, and educational possibilities: Trends from 2008-2012. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education
Abstract of the paper this presentation is based upon: This four-year, cross-sectional study, situated in one U.S. university, investigated 206 preservice teachers’ use of social network services (SNS) in teacher preparation and their disposition toward using it in their future teaching. Using descriptive survey methodology, results revealed nearly all preservice teachers used a general SNS (e.g., Facebook), but about 40% never read blogs, wrote blogs, or read wikis; about 90% never wrote wikis, and about 80% never read/wrote Twitter. SNS users consumed/read more content than created and/or shared. Use of SNS for professional activities rose from 7% to 22%. Trends indicated general SNS (e.g., Facebook) and Twitter use was mostly personal, while reading blogs, wikis, and writing blogs was equally personal and educational, and writing wikis was mostly educational. The majority of these preservice teachers put “a lot” of restrictions on their SNS accounts. The likelihood that preservice teachers felt they would use social networking in their future teaching became less likely. Discussion (a) examines how teacher education programs prepare new teachers as learners and designers of new technologies and (b) describes a sequence of SNS experiences that may develop preservice teachers as learners, designers, and ultimately connected educators.

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Why social networking experiences are crucial for teachers

  1. 1. Why social networking experiences are crucial for teachers Joan E. Hughes Associate Professor of Learning Technologies The University of Texas at Austin joanh@austin.utexas.edu @techedges
  2. 2. Sharing • Who are you? • Why did you come today? • What do you think of social networking in education?
  3. 3. Digital Native ?
  4. 4. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Social Networking Sites (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  5. 5. Academic Year SNS Types 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teachers Reporting Use (%) Facebook 96.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 MySpace 32.8 13.5 7.5 0.0 LinkedIn 6.3 8.1 10.0 11.1 Pinteresta - - - 72.7
  6. 6. 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teachers' Use of Social Networking (%) Stay in touch w friends Plan or invite people to events Find out more about people Make new friends Find someone to date Respond to site advertisements
  7. 7. 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teachers ' Use of Social Networking (%) Share photos, music, videos, other work Communicate with classmates (course-related) Participate in special interest groups To express my opinions For professional activities (e.g., job networking) To learn from others Communicate with instructors (course-related)
  8. 8. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Read Blog (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  9. 9. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Write Blog (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  10. 10. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Read Wiki (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  11. 11. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Write Wiki (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  12. 12. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Read Twitter (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  13. 13. 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2011-2012 Preservice Teacher Use: Write Twitter (%) Multiple times per day Daily Weekly Monthly Never
  14. 14. 7.00 6.00 5.00 4.00 3.00 2.00 1.00 2008-2009 2009-2010 2010-2011 2011-2012 Use: Personal (1) to Educational (7) Academic Year Read blog Write blog Read wiki Write wiki Participate in social networking sites
  15. 15. 25% Teachers who report their undergraduate teacher education program helped prepare them to effectively use education technology for instruction to a moderate or major extent. (Gray, Thomas, & Lewis, 2010)
  16. 16. #1: Be A Model for SNS Integration The lack of experience and focus on sharing, posting, writing, and expressing may limit these preservice teachers’ understandings of multi-modal and collaborative expression.
  17. 17. Teachers who use blogs and/or wikis “sometimes or often” in classroom teaching (Gray, Thomas, & Lewis, 2010) 16% 8% Teachers who use social networking websites “sometimes or often” in classroom teaching
  18. 18. #2: Be A Connected Educator Teachers “who [are] constructing knowledge, collaborating, and interacting with professionals all over the world and developing networks to deepen understanding.” (Wong, 2013, p. 33)
  19. 19. #3: Develop Digital Literacy for Professional Preservation
  20. 20. What to do? (as a teacher educator) 1. Closed SNS activity 2. PK-12 Classroom case studies of SNS 3. Open SNS activity Use these to scaffold preservice teachers as SNS learners or as teacher/designers
  21. 21. Experience #1 Teacher-led, curricular-focused learning experience in closed SNS
  22. 22. Experience #2 K-12 or informal education-based SNS teaching cases
  23. 23. Experience #3 Learner-centered, curricular-focused learning experiences in open SNS
  24. 24. What to do? (as a preservice teacher) 1. Attend to SNS opportunities during your education 2. Start considering SNS and the role(s) they play in teaching and learning 3. Participate in Connected Educator month
  25. 25. References Gray, L., Thomas, N., & Lewis, L. (2010). Teachers' use of educational technology in U.S. public schools: 2009 (NCES 2010-040). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education: Washington, DC. Wong, T. (2013). Meeting needs: Are you connected? School Library Monthly, 29(8), 33-34.
  26. 26. Photo Attributions Slide 3: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cuddling_with_multiple_devices.jpg Slide 4: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Social_networking_services.jpg Slide 5, 7, 8: http://jannyjanjan.deviantart.com/art/Sagalow-Social-Media-Icon-Pack- 158165248 Slide 9, 10: By User:ZyMOS http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File%3ABlogger.svg Slide 11, 12: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wiki_Logo.png Slide 13, 14: https://g.twimg.com/Twitter_logo_blue.png Slide 20: http://connectededucator.org Slide 23: http://ning.com ; http://elgg.org; http://edmodo.com Slide 24: http://iste.org Slide 25: http://iste.org ; http://ncssnetwork.ning.com; http://connectededucators.org
  27. 27. Questions This presentation’s content is based upon the forthcoming article: Hughes, J. E., Ko, Y., Lim, M. , & Liu, S. (In Press.) Preservice teachers’ social networking use, concerns, and educational possibilities: Trends from 2008-2012. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education. Slides available: http://www.slideshare.net/joanhughes/ @techedges (twitter)

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