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The United Nations

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Analogy using the United Nations as a comparison with Anti-Federalist concerns for the new U.S. Constitution

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The United Nations

  1. 1. The United Nations
  2. 2. Brief History/Background <ul><li>Founded in 1945 after WWII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace the League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop wars between countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a platform for dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Current aims include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facilitating cooperation in: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>international law </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>international security </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>economic development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>social progress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and human rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving world peace </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Brief History/Background (cont.) <ul><li>Currently 192 member states – nearly every sovereign state in the world </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vatican City (non-member, observer state) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palestinian Territories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Western Sahara (disputed between Morocco and Polisario Front) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antarctica </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Member Nations
  5. 5. What if? <ul><li>Imagine a proposal to give the United Nations the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power to tax and spend money for global welfare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exclusive power to issue currency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control of international commerce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction over all cases involving the UN Charter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction over all litigation involving more than one country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power to take over national armies to execute UN law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Power to make any law “necessary and proper” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UN’s rule will be the “supreme law of the planet” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Table Discussion <ul><li>In what ways would this proposal affect the sovereignty of member nations of the United Nations? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways did the 1787 Constitution affect the sovereignty of the member states? </li></ul>

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