Horney's theory

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Horney's theory

  1. 1. PSY103 – Theories of Personality
  2. 2.  Born on September 16, 1885, Germany Youngest, only daughter, of a Ship Captain and his second wife. Victorian upbringing - religion Romantic tendencies towards an older brother. Became a teacher for 3 years to save for medical school. Triggered by misogynist articles
  3. 3.  Married a successful lawyer, Oskar Horney. Produced 3 daughters. Death of family members 1913 – Interest in Psychoanalysis Visits to Karl Abraham, disciple of Freud 1926 – divorce from Husband, transfer to the US. 1952 – Died in her sleep
  4. 4.  Social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality.
  5. 5.  People whose need for love and affection satisfied develop basic hostility towards their parents and eventually, basic anxiety.
  6. 6.  Moving Toward People Moving Against People Moving Away from People Normal individuals do this but neurotics tend to rigidly on one.
  7. 7. 1. Emphasis on culture in shaping personality.2. Importance of Childhood experiences.3. Neuroses is a result of man’s attempts to find the paths through a wilderness of unknown dangers.
  8. 8.  When safety and satisfaction is not felt by the child. Refusal of parents to love their children. Interwoven with Basic Hostility
  9. 9.  Affection  Purchasing love Submissiveness  compliance Power  Prestige, possession Withdrawal  Emotional detachment
  10. 10. 1. Need for affection and approval
  11. 11. 2. Need for a powerful partner
  12. 12. 3. Need to restrict one’s life within narrow borders.
  13. 13. 5. NEED TO EXPLOIT4. NEED FOR POWER OTHERS
  14. 14. 6. NEED FOR PRESTIGE 7. NEED FOR ADMIRATION
  15. 15. 8. NEED FOR AMBITION 9. NEED FOR INDEPENDENCE 9. NEED FOR PERFECTION
  16. 16. NORMAL DEFENSES NEUROTIC DEFENSES Spontaneous Movement  Compulsive Movement  Toward People  Toward People ▪ Friendly & loving ▪ compliant  Against People  Against People ▪ Survivor in a ▪ aggressive competitive society  Away from People  Away from People ▪ detached ▪ Autonomous, serene
  17. 17.  Idealized Self- Image  Self- Hatred
  18. 18.  Search for Glory Neurotic Claims Neurotic Pride
  19. 19.  Relentless demands on one self Merciless self- accusation Self- contempt Self- frustration Self- torment Self- destruction
  20. 20.  Cultural and social expectations Women envy Masculine Protest (Adler)
  21. 21. Free AssociationDream AnalysisGoal: facilitate behavior towards self- realization.

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