Jan's 6 traits of writing

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6 Traits of writing

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Jan's 6 traits of writing

  1. 1. 6 TRAITS OF WRITING Presented by: Jan Niebergall GSSD Literacy Coach Invermay School November 26 th , 2010
  2. 2. CURRICULUM <ul><li>Take a look through the curriculum and highlight the forms of writing you find. </li></ul>
  3. 3. BENEFITS OF TEACHING THE 6 TRAITS OF WRITING <ul><li>Common language </li></ul><ul><li>Consistency in assessment </li></ul><ul><li>The “how to” students need to </li></ul><ul><li>revise </li></ul>
  4. 4. HOW TO GET STARTED <ul><li>Teach the concept first </li></ul><ul><li>Surround students with writer’s language </li></ul><ul><li>Share strong and weak examples from written </li></ul><ul><li>works </li></ul><ul><li>Write - and link writing activities to the traits </li></ul><ul><li>Practice revision and editing on the text of </li></ul><ul><li>OTHERS </li></ul>
  5. 5. 6 TRAITS OF WRITING <ul><li>Ideas and Content </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Sentence Fluency </li></ul><ul><li>Word Choice </li></ul><ul><li>Voice </li></ul><ul><li>Conventions </li></ul>
  6. 6. IDEAS AND CONTENT (THE HEART OF ANY PIECE OF WRITING) Ideas are all about information. Two things make ideas work well: clarity and detail
  7. 7. TEACH IDEAS BY: <ul><li>Modeling the difference between generalities and good details </li></ul><ul><li>Reading aloud from books with striking detail or strong imagery </li></ul><ul><li>Showing students how to eliminate “filler” (unneeded information) </li></ul><ul><li>Showing students how to use questions to expand and clarify a main idea </li></ul>
  8. 8. ORGANIZATION Organization is the internal structure of writing(framework) Once the writer has his/her information, then it is time to put things together in a way that makes sense and holds the reader’s attention.
  9. 9. TEACH ORGANIZATION BY: <ul><li>Working on strong leads </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming transition words </li></ul><ul><li>Practicing the art of sequencing effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Working on strong conclusions </li></ul>
  10. 10. SENTENCE FLUENCY Sentence fluency is the rhythm and flow of the language, the sound of word patterns, the way in which the writing plays to the ear, not just the eye. How does it sound as it is read aloud?
  11. 11. TEACH SENTENCE FLUENCY BY: <ul><li>Varying sentence beginnings. </li></ul><ul><li>Varying sentence length, long and short. </li></ul><ul><li>Read good works of literature with good sentence fluency. </li></ul>
  12. 12. VOICE Voice is many things: individuality, perspective, expressiveness, sensitivity to audience, enthusiasm, confidence – and so much more.
  13. 13. TEACH VOICE BY: <ul><li>Reading aloud from works that have strong voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Sharing numerous voices, from humorous to somber. </li></ul><ul><li>Helping students indentify an audience and write for an audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving students opportunities to practice different voices through different forms of writing </li></ul>
  14. 14. WORD CHOICE Word choice is the use of rich, colourful, precise language that communicates not just in a functional way, but in a way that moves and enlightens the reader.
  15. 15. TEACH WORD CHOICE BY: <ul><li>Making word walls of favourite words and phrases. </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching students to extract meaning from context as they read. </li></ul><ul><li>Asking students to listen for favourite words and phrases as you read aloud. </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorm different ways to say one thing. </li></ul>
  16. 16. SENTENCE FLUENCY Sentence fluency is the rhythm and flow of the language, the sound of word patterns, the way in which the writing plays to the ear, not just the eye. How does it sound as it is read aloud?
  17. 17. TEACH SENTENCE FLUENCY BY: <ul><li>Varying sentence beginnings. </li></ul><ul><li>Varying sentence length, long and short. </li></ul><ul><li>Read good works of literature with good sentence fluency. </li></ul>
  18. 18. CONVENTIONS Spelling, punctuation, capitalization, paragraphing, grammar and usage. The whole process of this trait is to enhance visual appeal and readability – to make information enticing and accessible.
  19. 19. TEACH CONVENTIONS BY: <ul><li>Having an editing system </li></ul><ul><li>Providing practice with editing. </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing examples of good and poor writing conventions. </li></ul>

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