Union Leadership
Leadership “ If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader”. -  John...
Leadership <ul><li>Leadership critical to organizational success </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convin...
Leadership  <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The process of influencing the activities of members of an organized...
Leadership Models <ul><li>Laissez-faire (french “hands off”) </li></ul><ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><li>Transformat...
Laissez-Faire Leadership <ul><li>Passive </li></ul><ul><li>Delays decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Gives little or no feedback ...
Transactional Leadership <ul><li>Traditional Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Motivates by reward or punishment </li></ul><ul><l...
Transactional Examples <ul><li>Exchanges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher wages/benefits for strike support </li></ul></ul><ul...
Transformational Leadership <ul><li>Focus communicating group goals to members </li></ul><ul><li>Convince members to put u...
Union Context <ul><li>Transformational leader seeks postponement of member’s self interests or agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Re...
Thirty-Five Studies <ul><li>Transformed Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher levels of member satisfaction </li></ul></...
Transformational Officer <ul><li>Positive Effect on Union Member </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Transformational Characteristics I <ul><li>Strong Role Models </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibit and Exhibit High Standards </li></...
Transformational Characteristics II <ul><li>Inspire and excite members </li></ul><ul><li>Optimistic, enthusiastic, positiv...
Transformational Characteristics III <ul><li>Touches people on a personal level </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t aloof or condescen...
Transformational Leaders <ul><li>Involve members in decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges members to think creative...
Example Leaders <ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Kennedy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ask not what your cou...
Leaders <ul><li>Do not use one style exclusively </li></ul><ul><li>May use different styles  </li></ul><ul><li>Rely more h...
Union Movement Leaders <ul><li>Transformational </li></ul><ul><li>John L. Lewis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charismatic  </li></...
Walter Reuther <ul><li>Transformational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President of UAW – 3 rd  CIO President </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Lane Kirkland <ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent but hesitant leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low k...
Contemporary Leaders <ul><li>Transformational Leadership Style </li></ul><ul><li>John Sweeney </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Stern...
Local Level Development <ul><li>Transformational Leadership Development </li></ul><ul><li>Officers, Stewards, Committee Ch...
Study Supports  <ul><li>Transformational Union Leadership Study </li></ul><ul><li>Union developed test group of union stew...
Conclusion <ul><li>Transformational Leadership  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases member satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li...
Local Style <ul><li>What style of leadership does your union leader mainly exercise? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laissez- Faire ...
Cesar Chavez - Transformational
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Union Leadership

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Union Leadership

  1. 1. Union Leadership
  2. 2. Leadership “ If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader”. - John Quincy Adams -
  3. 3. Leadership <ul><li>Leadership critical to organizational success </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convincing members to participate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using limited resources effectively </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Leadership <ul><li>Definition: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The process of influencing the activities of members of an organized group toward the determination and accomplishment of shared goals </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Leadership Models <ul><li>Laissez-faire (french “hands off”) </li></ul><ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><li>Transformational </li></ul>
  6. 6. Laissez-Faire Leadership <ul><li>Passive </li></ul><ul><li>Delays decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Gives little or no feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Makes little effort to help with problems </li></ul><ul><li>Not effective in democratic organization </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transactional Leadership <ul><li>Traditional Approach </li></ul><ul><li>Motivates by reward or punishment </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies the roles of organizational members </li></ul><ul><li>Discerns member needs </li></ul><ul><li>Communicates how to fulfill needs </li></ul><ul><li>Exchange for member activities </li></ul>
  8. 8. Transactional Examples <ul><li>Exchanges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher wages/benefits for strike support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Better leadership for candidate vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Threaten to withhold services unless supported by member </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Transformational Leadership <ul><li>Focus communicating group goals to members </li></ul><ul><li>Convince members to put union goals above own </li></ul><ul><li>Ask members to look beyond self interest </li></ul><ul><li>Transform organizational culture </li></ul><ul><li>Instills new values </li></ul>
  10. 10. Union Context <ul><li>Transformational leader seeks postponement of member’s self interests or agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Requests members to advance interest and agenda as part of a similar and common collective interest </li></ul>
  11. 11. Thirty-Five Studies <ul><li>Transformed Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher levels of member satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater commitment to organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher levels of membership participation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Higher levels of performance </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Transformational Officer <ul><li>Positive Effect on Union Member </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loyalty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sense of Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Transformational Characteristics I <ul><li>Strong Role Models </li></ul><ul><li>Exhibit and Exhibit High Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly Respected </li></ul>
  14. 14. Transformational Characteristics II <ul><li>Inspire and excite members </li></ul><ul><li>Optimistic, enthusiastic, positive </li></ul><ul><li>Instills pride and confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Instills a sense of mission </li></ul>
  15. 15. Transformational Characteristics III <ul><li>Touches people on a personal level </li></ul><ul><li>Isn’t aloof or condescending </li></ul><ul><li>Aware of a person’s emotions </li></ul><ul><li>Communicates concerns to members </li></ul><ul><li>Takes time to advise and counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Constantly looking for new ways to build union </li></ul>
  16. 16. Transformational Leaders <ul><li>Involve members in decision making </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges members to think creatively </li></ul>
  17. 17. Example Leaders <ul><li>National </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Kennedy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Martin Luther King </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I have a dream.” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>International </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mahatma Gandhi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used non violence as means to transform India into a free nation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Leaders <ul><li>Do not use one style exclusively </li></ul><ul><li>May use different styles </li></ul><ul><li>Rely more heavily on dominant style in given situations </li></ul>Laissez -Fair Transformational Transactional
  19. 19. Union Movement Leaders <ul><li>Transformational </li></ul><ul><li>John L. Lewis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charismatic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed the CIO – Industrial Unionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Radical new unionism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized 1930’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auto </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Steel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ruber </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Walter Reuther <ul><li>Transformational </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President of UAW – 3 rd CIO President </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocated Beyond Wages and Benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Led UAW in fight for Social Justice in 1960’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believed Unions had a greater role in society </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Lane Kirkland <ul><li>Transactional </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent but hesitant leader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low key personality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depended on political and public relations strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hung on to the status quo </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Contemporary Leaders <ul><li>Transformational Leadership Style </li></ul><ul><li>John Sweeney </li></ul><ul><li>Andy Stern </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Trumka </li></ul><ul><li>Linda Chavez-Thompson </li></ul>
  23. 23. Local Level Development <ul><li>Transformational Leadership Development </li></ul><ul><li>Officers, Stewards, Committee Chairs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leadership Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mentoring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Impacts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves member attitude </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improves member participation </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Study Supports <ul><li>Transformational Union Leadership Study </li></ul><ul><li>Union developed test group of union stewards </li></ul><ul><li>Included training and follow-up development </li></ul><ul><li>Developed group experienced increase in member satisfaction levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Undeveloped group did not see any increase </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Conclusion <ul><li>Transformational Leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increases member satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Add Improved union performance </li></ul><ul><li>Add Increase member satisfaction </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reflects positively on elected leaders </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Local Style <ul><li>What style of leadership does your union leader mainly exercise? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Laissez- Faire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transactional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transformational </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. Cesar Chavez - Transformational

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