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Life in Colonial New England


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Life in Colonial New England

  1. 1. Mr. J. Ullman Adapted from Ms. Susan M. Pojer Horace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY Life in New England
  2. 2. Covenant Theology <ul><li>“ Covenant of Grace”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>between Puritan communities and God. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Social Covenant”: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Between members of Puritan communities with each other. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Required mutual watchfulness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No toleration of deviance or disorder. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No privacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How is this different from Southern colonies? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Land Division in Sudbury, MA: 1639-1656
  4. 4. Land Division in New England <ul><li>Houses very close together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Everyone knew what everyone else was doing; very little privacy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Common fields </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shared by all townspeople for grazing livestock </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meetinghouse </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually the town church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serves as gathering place where all townspeople vote on laws and elect leaders </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Characteristics of New England Settlements <ul><li>Low mortality  average life expectancy was 70 years of age. </li></ul><ul><li>Many large and extended families. </li></ul><ul><li>Average 6 children per family. </li></ul><ul><li>Average age at marriage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women – 22 years old </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Men – 27 years old. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Patriarchy <ul><li>Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household. </li></ul><ul><li>Patriarchal ministers and magistrates controlled church congregations and household patriarchs. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Children <ul><li>Farm work for boys beginning at age 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Girls helped with spinning/sewing </li></ul><ul><li>Punished for laughing on the Sabbath day </li></ul><ul><li>Running, whistling, humming considered sinful any day </li></ul><ul><li>Parents developed “Sunday toys” </li></ul>
  8. 8. Education <ul><li>Dame schools: 1628, form of daycare </li></ul><ul><li>Public school: required by law (except RI) and free </li></ul><ul><li>Taxation of parents </li></ul>
  9. 9. The New England Primer (1683)
  10. 10. Education <ul><li>Puritans believed that everyone should be able to read the Bible </li></ul><ul><li>Most children did not go to school for long because they were needed to work at home </li></ul><ul><li>Some continued their education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvard College founded in 1636 originally to train ministers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harvard College in 1725 </li></ul>