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  1. 1. Independence Gossip indoesia
  2. 2. INDONESIA IS THE hot NEW THING <ul><li>1600s </li><ul><ul><ul><li>All of Europe has the hots for Indonesia. They want to trade with it SO bad.
  3. 3. Portugal and Netherlands have a total cat fight over who get control. </li><ul><ul><ul><li>The Netherlands win and put a colonial ring on it. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Cultivation Abomination <ul><ul><ul><li>The Dutch treats Indonesia like a douche. They call their douchiness the Cultivation System
  5. 5. It sucks.
  6. 6. Indonesians are forced to grow crops for export and work in gross factories.
  7. 7. It isn't abolished until 1870 (that's like over 200 years of mega suck) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Dutch Get a Soul. Say What?! <ul><li>1901 under Queen Wilhelmina </li><ul><ul><li>The Dutch feel bad for going all Bobby Brown on Indonesia.
  9. 9. It's called the Ethical period. </li><ul><ul><ul><li>It sucks a little less. </li><ul><ul><ul><li>Dutch provide money for education
  10. 10. They make some pretty small political changes. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>Queen Wilhelmina
  11. 11. indonesia got BUDI <ul><li>1908 Budi Utomo </li><ul><ul><li>This is the krunk-ass name for the first nationalist movement in Indonesia
  12. 12. It was made up mostly of upper class divas from Java (called Jivas). </li></ul></ul><li>1912 Sarekat Isalm </li><ul><ul><li>The nationalist movement at retail prices. Totally last season, but more people join. </li></ul></ul><li>After World War I the Dutch get their panties in a wad about the whole thing </li><ul><ul><li>They become much more repressive and all around jerks </li></ul></ul></ul>Queen Wilhelmina thinks things might not be going well.
  13. 13. THIS SHIT JUST GOT real Henk “The Sneev” Sneevliet peeves the Dutch <ul><li>Henk “The Sneev” Snevliet </li><ul><ul><li>Kicked out of the Nethe rlands for being too effing crazy
  14. 14. Spreads the idea of communism in Indonesia by starting this really cool communist club </li><ul><ul><li>It becomes really HOTT
  15. 15. This really makes the Dutch act like they've got sand in they're nether lands. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>1926-1927 The commies convince workers to revolt against the man by going on strike </li><ul><ul><li>13,000 communist leaders are arrested including future president, Sukarno. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Turning Japanese <ul><li>Japan promises to help Indonesia free itself from Dutch Rule </li><ul><ul><li>Surprise - There's a catch
  17. 17. Indonesia promises to help Japan with the war effort
  18. 18. Japan helps to defeat the Dutch by March of 1942
  19. 19. March 1945 Japan organizes the Indonesian Committee on Independence and drafts a constitution
  20. 20. August 9 th 1945 Sukarno is scheduled to go to Vietnam to meet Japan and announce independence </li><ul><ul><li>August 6 th the bomb on Hiroshima is dropped </li><ul><ul><li>The Japanese are too busy surrendering to care about Indonesia
  21. 21. August 17 th Sukarno announces his own damn independence and becomes the first president the next day </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>The artist known as Sukarno
  22. 22. GUESS WHO'S BACK <ul><li>After WWII, the Dutch try to win back Indonesia </li><ul><ul><li>They try the normal wooing techniques </li><ul><ul><li>Getting the British to try it first
  23. 23. Starting at the place of least resistance
  24. 24. Forcibly inserting themselves into Java </li></ul></ul><li>The Indonesian National Revolution is the result </li><ul><ul><li>It lasts 5 years and blood is spilt all over everywhere
  25. 25. The UN calls the Dutch out </li><ul><ul><li>The Dutch are embarrassed and stop </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Independence </li><ul><ul><li>December 27, 1949 The Dutch tell Indonesia that they're on their own </li></ul></ul></ul>Sukarno is super excited to see the Dutch get out. He's the boss now!
  26. 26. Different Strokes <ul><li>Disunity </li><ul><ul><li>In 1950, the new constitution dissolved the federal states of Indonesia and replaced them with a united republic </li><ul><ul><li>The different states are culturally, religiously, economically different
  27. 27. The first election isn't held until 1955 and no one party gets more than 25% of the vote </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><li>Political unrest </li><ul><ul><li>The cabinet changed almost every year </li></ul></ul></ul>Emblem of the united Indonesia
  28. 28. THIS MESS JUST GOT hotter <ul><li>Sukarno puts the old 1945 constitution back in place </li><ul><ul><li>Surprise – It increases his power </li><ul><ul><li>The parliament is not elected but appointed
  29. 29. They are subject to the will of the president </li></ul></ul><li>Advocated nationalism
  30. 30. Ruled like an authoritarian mega boss </li></ul></ul><li>Economy deteriorating </li><ul><ul><li>By the mid 1960s severe hunger and poverty were widespread </li></ul></ul></ul>