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DEFINITION OF
ANTHROPOLOGY, POLITICAL
SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY
Understanding Culture, Society and Politics
ANTHROPOLOGY
Came from the Greek words:
Anthropos and Logos which means
“study of man”
It is the scientific study of humans,
human behavior and societies
“Study of what makes us human”
ANTHROPOLOGY
Social Anthropology – branch of
anthropology concerned with the study
of human societies and culture and
their development
ANTHROPOLOGY
Cultural Anthropology – branch of
anthropology that emerged in the 19th
century and it was concerned with the
study of the cultural variation around
the world
ANTHROPOLOGY
Its main goal or objective is to deeply
understand the human condition (our
past, present and future or how can
our actions determine our well-being)
ANTHROPOLOGY
Franz Boas – credited as the “Father
of American Anthropology”. He was
one of the main proponents who
rejected the idea of cultural relativism,
or ranking of cultures. He also
observed that the human body is a
subject to change.
ANTHROPOLOGY
Lewis Henry Morgan – he accepted
the idea of monogenesis (human race
came from a single ancestor or
source).
Three Stages of Society According
to Morgan:
1. Savagery
2. Barbarianism
3. Civilization
ANTHROPOLOGY
Sir James George Frazer – he was a
Scottish anthropologist that focuses
his works on religion and folklore
Three Stages of Society’s belief
According to Frazer:
1. Primitive or Folk Magic
2. Religion
3. Science
POLITICAL
SCIENCE
It is the scientific study of governance
and the practice of politics at the local,
national and international level using
empirical and scientific methods
POLITICAL
SCIENCE
Political Philosophy – a branch of
political science that deals with the
questions: What form of the
government is most appropriate?
What are the rights that a state must
protect? And many other related
questions
POLITICAL
SCIENCE
Magna Carta Libertatum – a very
important document agreed by King
John of England that states the right of
protest against a ruler for the sake of
justice
SOCIOLOGY
It is the scientific study of society,
societal changes, patterns of social
relationships and social interactions
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes –
introduced the term “sociology”
AREAS OF
SOCIOLOGY
1. Social Organization
2. Social Psychology
3. Social Change
4. Human Ecology
5. Population and Demographics
6. Applied Sociology
7. Sociological Methods and Research
SOCIOLOGY
The main goal of sociology is to study
the social problems and human affairs
through different scientific methods
SOCIOLOGY
Two Stages of Societal
Relationships (According to
Herbert Spencer)
1.Militant Society – observes
hierarchy and obedience
2.Industrial Society – observes
voluntariness and conformed to
social obligations

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Understanding Culture, Society and Politics - Definition of Anthropology, Political Science and Sociology

  • 1. DEFINITION OF ANTHROPOLOGY, POLITICAL SCIENCE AND SOCIOLOGY Understanding Culture, Society and Politics
  • 2. ANTHROPOLOGY Came from the Greek words: Anthropos and Logos which means “study of man” It is the scientific study of humans, human behavior and societies “Study of what makes us human”
  • 3. ANTHROPOLOGY Social Anthropology – branch of anthropology concerned with the study of human societies and culture and their development
  • 4. ANTHROPOLOGY Cultural Anthropology – branch of anthropology that emerged in the 19th century and it was concerned with the study of the cultural variation around the world
  • 5. ANTHROPOLOGY Its main goal or objective is to deeply understand the human condition (our past, present and future or how can our actions determine our well-being)
  • 6. ANTHROPOLOGY Franz Boas – credited as the “Father of American Anthropology”. He was one of the main proponents who rejected the idea of cultural relativism, or ranking of cultures. He also observed that the human body is a subject to change.
  • 7. ANTHROPOLOGY Lewis Henry Morgan – he accepted the idea of monogenesis (human race came from a single ancestor or source). Three Stages of Society According to Morgan: 1. Savagery 2. Barbarianism 3. Civilization
  • 8. ANTHROPOLOGY Sir James George Frazer – he was a Scottish anthropologist that focuses his works on religion and folklore Three Stages of Society’s belief According to Frazer: 1. Primitive or Folk Magic 2. Religion 3. Science
  • 9. POLITICAL SCIENCE It is the scientific study of governance and the practice of politics at the local, national and international level using empirical and scientific methods
  • 10. POLITICAL SCIENCE Political Philosophy – a branch of political science that deals with the questions: What form of the government is most appropriate? What are the rights that a state must protect? And many other related questions
  • 11. POLITICAL SCIENCE Magna Carta Libertatum – a very important document agreed by King John of England that states the right of protest against a ruler for the sake of justice
  • 12. SOCIOLOGY It is the scientific study of society, societal changes, patterns of social relationships and social interactions Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyes – introduced the term “sociology”
  • 13. AREAS OF SOCIOLOGY 1. Social Organization 2. Social Psychology 3. Social Change 4. Human Ecology 5. Population and Demographics 6. Applied Sociology 7. Sociological Methods and Research
  • 14. SOCIOLOGY The main goal of sociology is to study the social problems and human affairs through different scientific methods
  • 15. SOCIOLOGY Two Stages of Societal Relationships (According to Herbert Spencer) 1.Militant Society – observes hierarchy and obedience 2.Industrial Society – observes voluntariness and conformed to social obligations