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13.12.06 exegesis advent 2


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13.12.06 exegesis advent 2

  1. 1. —Advent 2 By the Preaching of Repentance, We Are Prepared for the Coming of the Lord Is 11:1-10; Romans 15:4-13, Matthew 3:1-12, Psalm 72:1-7,
  2. 2. THE FIRST SUNDAY IN ADVENT Advent 1 (1 December 2013) Isaiah 2:1–5; Romans 13:(8–10) 11–14; Matthew 21:1–11 or Matthew 24:36–44; Psalm 122 The Lord Comes in Meekness and Humility to Save Us Now The Lord Jesus enters Jerusalem “humble, and mounted on a donkey,” riding on “a beast of burden” (Matt. 21:5), as He Himself bears the sins of the world in His body. Now He comes by the ministry of the Gospel to save us from sin, death, the devil and hell. Therefore, we sing, “Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord!” (Matt. 21:9). For we are called “to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob,” His holy Church, “that he may teach us his ways and that we may walk in his paths” (Is. 2:3). By His Word, we “walk in the light of the LORD” (Is. 2:5). That is to live in love, which “does no wrong to a neighbor” (Rom. 13:10). We “cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light,” for “salvation is nearer to us now than when we first believed” (Rom. 13:11, 12). Hence, the entire Christian life is a time to wake and watch, “for you do not know on what day your Lord is coming” (Matt. 24:42).
  3. 3. Advent 1: The Second Advent of Christ John 1:1-5, 9-14, Philippians 2:5-8, Hebrews 2:14-18
  4. 4.  If Christ had arrived with trumpets and lain in a cradle of gold, his birth would have been a splendid affair. But it would not be a comfort to me. He was rather to lie in the lap of a poor maiden and be thought of little significance in the eyes of the world. Now I can come to him. Now he reveals himself to the miserable in order not to give any impression that he arrives with great power, splendor, wisdom, and aristocratic manners. But upon his return on that Day, when he will oppose the high and the mighty, it will be different. Now he comes to the poor, who need a Savior, but then he will come as a Judge against those who are persecuting him now. Excerpt from a sermon on the Nativity, 1530
  5. 5. Draw or list attributes that you associate with the PHYSICAL Jesus. 2. What did Jesus look like? Make a guess and draw a portrait. 3. Write one sentence of thanksgiving for Jesus dwelling on earth. Why is it important? 1.
  6. 6.  WATCH for the following: Words and their meaning Analysis of structure Teaching of Theology Christ Historical Context
  7. 7.  In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, andthe Word was God. 2 He was in the beginning with God. 3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. 4 In him was life,[a] and the life was the light of men.5 The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. 9 The true light, which gives light to everyone, was coming into the world. 10 He was in the world, and the world was made through him, yet the world did not know him. 11 He came to his own,[b] and his own people[c] did not receive him. 12 But to all who did receive him,who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, 13 who were born, not of blood nor of the will of the flesh nor of the will of man, but of God.  14 And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we have seen his glory, glory as of the only Son from the Father, full of grace and truth. 15 (John bore witness about him, and cried out, ―This was he of whom I said, ‗He who comes after me ranks before me, because he was before me.‘‖) 16 For from his fullness we have all received,grace upon grace. 17 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. 18 No one has ever seen God; the only God,[e] who is at the Father's side,[f] he has made him known.
  8. 8. 5 Have this mind among yourselves, which is yours in Christ Jesus,6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant,[b] being born in the likeness of men. 8 And being found in human form, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross.
  9. 9. 4 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through death he might destroy the one who has the power of death, that is, the devil,15 and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong slavery. 16 For surely it is not angels that he helps, but he helps the offspring of Abraham. 17 Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18 For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.
  10. 10. THE SECOND SUNDAY IN ADVENT Advent 2 (8 December 2013) Isaiah 11:1–10; Romans 15:4–13; Matthew 3:1–12; Psalm 72:1–7 By the Preaching of Repentance, We Are Prepared for the Coming of the Lord “John the Baptist came preaching in the wilderness of Judea, „Repent‟” (Matt. 3:1–2). His preaching of repentance for the forgiveness of sins prepared people for the coming of Christ into the world. John‘s work was historically complete with the incarnate advent of Jesus, but his vital ministry continues in preaching Law and Gospel. The Son of God has come in the flesh, “a shoot from the stump of Jesse, and a branch from his roots” (Is. 11:1), and continues to bear the fruits of righteousness. His good tree of the cross is “a signal for the peoples” (Is. 11:10), by which He calls the nations to repentance. “With the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips” (Is. 11:4), He slays the wicked and brings the dead to life, making sons of Abraham out of lifeless stones. So also the “root of Jesse” comes to us, “even he who arises to rule the Gentiles” (Rom. 15:12), that “we might have hope” and be filled “with all joy and peace in believing” (Rom. 15:4, 13).
  11. 11. •John the Baptist prepared for the coming of the lord. •How do you prepare for Christmas—the celebration of our lord‘s coming?
  12. 12.  Use your prayer notes.  Use a verse from the bible to reflect on.  Pray about the Lord‘s coming.  P raise R epentance A ppreciation Y ou E veryone R esolve Let us pray for the whole Church and forgiveness in the name of of God in Christ Jesus and for all Jesus to Your holy people… people according to their needs. O Lord, grant to Your people O Lord, Your prophet John the endurance and encouragement, Baptist prepared the way for Your that in their everyday callings they Son by preaching repentance. might live in such harmony with Grant to us a repentant faith, that one another that together we for the sake of the One whose way glorify You in our work. Bless John prepared, we might be saved those vocations You have from Your righteous wrath over especially established to provide our sins and prepared to receive for us, including spouses and the advent of Your Son today in parents, children and teachers, His Holy Eucharist. Lord, in Your breadwinners and employers, that mercy, hear our prayer. all people might learn the value of honest labor and give thanks to O Lord, the preaching of You for their daily bread… repentance and forgiveness from the mouth of John the Baptist continues today in the Preaching Office, which You have created so that we might receive saving faith in You. Give courage to pastors as they boldly proclaim repentance
  13. 13.     5 Father in great love You ]. Cease not to work in them, sent St. John the Baptist to loving Master, sustaining their call all to lives of repentance, faith and providing them that they might welcome Your comfort until they stand Use your prayer notes. Son and His kingdom. Give whole and filled with glory before Your throne. Use a verse from the Your people grace in these bible to reflect on. Advent days to open their 7 Holy One, because we in Pray about Lord‘s hearts and hands to all in ourselves could not abide the coming. need, expressing in their Day of Your coming in P raise deeds the faith of their heart. judgment, Your Son gave up R epentance 6 Lord, Your apostle, St. His body and blood for our A ppreciation Paul, taught us that we may forgiveness and now gives it Y ou be sure that You will bring to to us as the very righteousness E veryone completion the good work by which we may stand R esolve You have begun in us. In such before You without shame. confidence we commend to Stir up in Your children faith Your merciful hands all who to receive His coming to us in are sick and suffering, the Eucharist with joy. grieving or lonely, AMEN. [especially_______________
  14. 14. 1 On Jordan's bank the Baptist's cry Announces that the Lord is nigh; Awake and hearken, for he brings Glad tidings of the King of kings! 2 Then cleansed be ev'ry life from sin; Make straight the way for God within, And let us all our hearts prepare Fro Christ to come and enter there. 3 We hail Thee as our Savior, Lord Our refuge and our great reward; Without Thy grace we waste away Like flow'rs that wither and decay. 4 Lay on the sick Thy healing hand And make the fallen strong to stand; Show us the glory of Thy face Till beauty springs in ev'ry place. 5 All praise, eternal Son, to Thee Whose advent sets Thy people free, Whom with the Father we adore And Holy Spirit evermore.
  15. 15. By the Preaching of Repentance, We Are Prepared for the Coming of the Lord  Meet w/teams 3-5 min per box  What are the major points of your text?  How does your topic fit the pericope theme?  How does it connect to the other texts? How is it unique?
  16. 16. Isaiah 11:1-10 and the leopard shall lie down with the young goat, The Righteous Reign of the Branch and the calf and the lion and the fattened calf 11 There shall come forth a shoot from the stump together; of Jesse, and a little child shall lead them. and a branch from his roots shall bear fruit. 7 The cow and the bear shall graze; 2 And the Spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, their young shall lie down together; the Spirit of wisdom and understanding, and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. the Spirit of counsel and might, 8 The nursing child shall play over the hole of the the Spirit of knowledge and the fear of cobra, the LORD. and the weaned child shall put his hand on the 3 And his delight shall be in the fear of the LORD. adder's den. He shall not judge by what his eyes see, 9 They shall not hurt or destroy or decide disputes by what his ears hear, in all my holy mountain; 4 but with righteousness he shall judge the poor, for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of and decide with equity for the meek of the the LORD earth; as the waters cover the sea. and he shall strike the earth with the rod of his 10 In that day the root of Jesse, who shall stand mouth, and with the breath of his lipshe shall kill the as a signal for the peoples—of him shall the nations inquire, and his resting place shall be wicked. glorious. 5 Righteousness shall be the belt of his waist, and faithfulness the belt of his loins. 6 The wolf shall dwell with the lamb,
  17. 17. Romans 15:4-13 Gentiles, and sing to your name.‖ ) 10 And again it is said, 4 For whatever was written in former days was written for our instruction, that ―Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people.‖ through endurance and through the 11 And again, encouragement of the Scriptures we ―Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, might have hope. 5 May the God of and let all the peoples extol him.‖ endurance and encouragement grant 12 And again Isaiah says, youto live in such harmony with one another, in accord with Christ ―The root of Jesse will come, 6 that together you may with one Jesus, even he who arises to rule the voice glorify the God and Father of our Gentiles; Lord Jesus Christ. 7 Therefore welcome in him will the Gentiles hope.‖ one another as Christ has welcomed 13 May the God of hope fill you with you, for the glory of God. alljoy and peace in believing, so that by Christ the Hope of Jews and Gentiles the power of the Holy Spirit you may 8 For I tell you that Christ became a abound in hope. servant to the circumcised to show God's truthfulness, in order to confirm the promises given to the patriarchs,9 and in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, ―Therefore I will praise you among the
  18. 18. Matthew 3:1-12 ofvipers! Who warned you to flee 8 John the Baptist Prepares the Way from the wrath to come? 9Bear fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not 3 In those days John the Baptist came presume to say to yourselves, ‗We have preaching in the wilderness of Abraham as our father,‘ for I tell you, Judea,2 ―Repent, for the kingdom of God is able from these stones to raise heaven is at hand.‖ 3 For this is he who up children for Abraham. 10 Even now was spoken of by the prophet Isaiah the axe is laid to the root of the when he said, trees. Every tree therefore that does not ―The voice of one crying in the bear good fruit is cut down and thrown wilderness: into the fire. [a] the way of the Lord; ‗Prepare 11 ―I baptize you with water for make his paths straight.‘‖ repentance, but he who is coming after 4 Now John wore a garment of camel's me is mightier than I, whose sandals I hair and a leather belt around his waist, am not worthy to carry. He will baptize and his food was locusts and wild you with the Holy Spirit 5 Then Jerusalem and all Judea honey. and fire. 12 Hiswinnowing fork is in his and all the region about the Jordan were hand, and he will clear his threshing going out to him, 6 and they were floor and gather his wheat into the baptized by him in the river barn, but the chaff he will burn Jordan,confessing their sins. with unquenchable fire.‖ 7 But when he saw many of the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to his baptism, he said to them, ―You brood
  19. 19. Psalm 72:1-7 Give the King Your Justice Of Solomon. 72 Give the king your justice, O God, and your righteousness to the royal son! 2 May he judge your people with righteousness, and your poor with justice! 3 Let the mountains bearprosperity for the people, and the hills, in righteousness! 4 May he defend the cause of the poor of the people, give deliverance to the children of the needy, and crush the oppressor! 5 May they fear you[a] while the sun endures, and as long as the moon,throughout all generations! 6 May he be like rain that falls onthe mown grass, like showers that water the earth! 7 In his days may the righteous flourish, and peace abound, till the moon be no more!
  20. 20.  Third S. in Advent      (Gaudete) The Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ Brings True Rejoicing, Even Under the Cross Is. 35:1-10 James 5:7-11 Matt. 11:2-15 Psalm 146
  21. 21. Isaiah 35:1-10 The Ransomed Shall Return 35 The wilderness and the dry land shall be glad; the desert shall rejoice and blossom like the crocus; 2 it shall blossom abundantly and rejoice with joy and singing. The glory of Lebanon shall be given to it, the majesty of Carmel andSharon. They shall see the glory of theLORD, the majesty of our God. 3 Strengthen the weak hands, and make firm the feeble knees. 4 Say to those who have an anxious heart, ―Be strong; fear not! Behold, your God will come with vengeance, with the recompense of God. He will come and save you.‖ 5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped; 6 then shall the lame man leap like a deer, and the tongue of the mute sing for joy. For waters break forth in the wilderness, and streams in the desert; 7 the burning sand shall become a pool, and the thirsty ground springs of water; in the haunt of jackals, where they lie down, the grass shall become reeds and rushes. 8 And a highway shall be there, and it shall be called the Way of Holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it. It shall belong to those who walk on the way; even if they are fools, they shall not go astray.[a] 9 No lion shall be there, nor shall any ravenous beast come up on it; they shall not be found there, but the redeemed shall walk there. 10 And the ransomed of the LORDshall return and come to Zion with singing; 11 Truly, I say to you, among those born of women they shall obtain gladness and joy, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away. there has arisen no one greater than John the Baptist. James 5:7-11 Yet the one who is least in the kingdom of heaven is Patience in Suffering greater than he. 12 From the days of John the Baptist 7 Be patient, therefore, brothers,[a] until the coming of until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered the Lord. See how the farmer waits for the precious violence,[d] and the violent take it by force. 13 For all fruit of the earth, being patient about it, until it the Prophets and the Law prophesied until receives the early and the late rains.8 You also, be John, 14 and if you are willing to accept it, he patient. Establish your hearts, for the coming of the is Elijah who is to come. 15 He who has ears to Lord is at hand. 9 Do not grumble against one hear,[e] let him hear. another, brothers, so that you may not be judged; Psalm 146 behold, the Judge is standing at the door. 10 As an Put Not Your Trust in Princes example of suffering and patience, brothers, takethe 146 Praise the LORD! prophets who spoke in the name of the Praise the LORD, O my soul! 2 I will praise the LORD as long as I live; Lord. 11 Behold, we consider those blessed who remained steadfast. You have heard of the I will sing praises to my God while I have my steadfastness of Job, and you have seen the purpose being. 3 Put not your trust in princes, of the Lord, how the Lord is compassionate and merciful. in a son of man, in whom there is no salvation. 4 When his breath departs, he returns to the earth; Matthew 11:2-15 2 Now when John heard in prison about the deeds on that very day his plans perish. of the Christ, he sent word byhis disciples 3 and said 5 Blessed is he whose help is the God of Jacob, to him, ―Are youthe one who is to come, or shall whose hope is in the LORD his God, 6 who made heaven and earth, we look for another?‖ 4 And Jesus answered them, ―Go and tell John what you hear and see: 5 the the sea, and all that is in them, blind receive their sight and the lame walk, who keeps faith forever; lepers[a] are cleansed and the deaf hear, and the dead 7 who executes justice for the oppressed, are raised up, and the poor have good news preached who gives food to the hungry. to them. 6 And blessed is the one who is not offended The LORD sets the prisoners free; 8 by me.‖ the LORD opens the eyes of the blind. 7 As they went away, Jesus began to speak to the The LORD lifts up those who are bowed down; crowds concerning John:―What did you go out into the LORD loves the righteous. 9 The LORD watches over the sojourners; the wilderness to see? A reed shaken by the wind? 8 What then did you go out to see? A he upholds the widow and the fatherless, man[b] dressed in soft clothing? Behold, those who but the way of the wicked he brings to ruin. 9 What then 10 The LORD will reign forever, wear soft clothing are in kings' houses. did you go out to see? A prophet?[c] Yes, I tell you, your God, O Zion, to all generations. and more than a prophet.10 This is he of whom it is Praise the LORD! written, ―‗Behold, I send my messenger before your face,