Communion                           The Nature of Communion                Recognizing Jesus Real Presence in the Lords Su...
 LSB 631 ethymnal.org/htm                        My strength is in Thy might, Thy might /h/e/hereomyl.htm               ...
Communion Discussion and ReflectionWhat we do:                                               …….Why? •We praise God •Praye...
Pray:                     Holy Jesus, unite with my body and PRAYER              soul on this day. Nourish me with• Take a...
 LSB 633                                     5 Mighty Victim from the sky, 1 At the Lambs high feast we sing           ...
 “With bread and wine you can walk your road.” ~Spanish Proverb
   • What is the Sacrament of the Altar?   •Where is this written?   •What are some other names for the Sacrament of th...
 A Big Mac - the communion  wafer of consumption.    John Ralston Saul Faith is not knowledge of an  object but communi...
 The supper consists of 3 elements    two physical, one verbal 2 symbols    both truly present, but not     physiolog...
 The Eucharist (giving of  thanks) is a commemoration  meal instituted by Christ for  the Church.   Christ binds himself...
 The Supper is not:   An infusion of      extra/special grace     A magical event that can      be used sympathetically...
 Historically, there have  been five reasons people  have had problems with  Communion:   It is unimportant   It is fig...
   It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus           not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread    Chris...
 Tertullian    he flesh is washed, in order that     the soul may be cleansed; the     flesh is anointed, that     the s...
 Augustine     "By those sacrifices of the Old Law, this one      Sacrifice is signified, in which there is a true      ...
 Luther (―That These Words, This is My Body, Still Stand Against the Fanatics.‖ 1527)    But the glory of God is precisel...
 Zwingli   I have no use for that notion of a real     and true body that does not exist     physically, definitely and ...
 Jesus Christ, who is true God and true        Gal. 3:15 Though it is only a mans    man, instituted this sacrament.    ...
 Substance vs. Accidents    Substance = the actual thing     or person that is present    Accidents = the physical     ...
 B. Gods Word clearly teaches that in the         took the cup.    Sacrament the bread and wine are a            Note: "...
  On the first day of the Festival of      Azumwn:                                               The removal of sin and...
   27 Then he took a cup, and      pothrion kai euxaristhsav:    when he had given thanks,         Cup of blessing befo...
 The bread and wine in the Sacrament are           1 Cor. 5:7 Christ, our Passover lamb, has been    Christs body and bl...
 The God we worship breaks forth  into the muddy world and  invades the enemy territory with  us in mind Every instance ...
 Christ instutitutes a meal in  communion with Himself  and in  expectation/rememberance  of his sacrifice. The newly cr...
   Christ commands in these words that His Sacrament         the God and Father of Your holy Child Jesus, our    be celeb...
 He comes down; down from the heights of absolute being into time and space, down into humanity; down further still ... (...
   LSB 622                             Here with Your congregation.        Remember that I am but dust,   1 Lord Jesus C...
 Pray: O that to me also one of the      of the cross. With this win, Lord  Seraphim would bring the burning        Jesus...
It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ under        by sacramental union. By the power of His word, Christ...
 Benefit of  Communion
12.03.09 communion nature of communion
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12.03.09 communion nature of communion

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12.03.09 communion nature of communion

  1. 1. Communion The Nature of Communion Recognizing Jesus Real Presence in the Lords Supper Memorization Verses:It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ of Me.” In the same way also He took the cup afterunder the bread and wine, instituted by Christ Himself supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave it tofor us Christians to eat and to drink. Our Lord Jesus them, saying, "Drink of it, all of you; this cup is theChrist, on the night when He was betrayed, took new testament, in My blood, which is shed for you forbread, and when He had given thanks, He broke it and the forgiveness of sins. This do, as often as you drink it,gave it to the disciples and said: "Take, eat; this is My in remembrance of Me."
  2. 2.  LSB 631 ethymnal.org/htm My strength is in Thy might, Thy might /h/e/hereomyl.htm alone. 1 Here, O my Lord, I see Thee face to face;  5 Mine is the sin, but Thine the Here would I touch and handle things righteousness; unseen; Mine is the guilt, but Thine the cleansing Here grasp with firmer hand theternal blood; grace, Here is my robe, my refuge, and my peace; And all my weariness upon Thee lean. Thy blood, Thy righteousness, O Lord, my 2 Here would I feed upon the bread of God, God. Here drink with Thee the royal wine of  6 Too soon we rise; the vessels disappear; heavn; The feast, though not the love, is past and Here would I lay aside each earthly load, gone; ere taste afresh the calm of sin forgivn. The bread and wine remove; but Thou art 3 This is the hour of banquet and of song; here, This is the heavnly table spread for me; Nearer than ever; still my shield and sun. Here let me feast and, feasting still prolong  7 Feast after feast thus comes and passes by, The brief bright hour of fellowship with Yet, passing, points to that glad feast above, thee. Giving sweet foretaste of the festal joy, 4 I have no help but Thine; nor do I need The Lambs great marriage feast of bliss and Another arm but Thine to lean upon. love. It is enough, my Lord, enough indeed;
  3. 3. Communion Discussion and ReflectionWhat we do: …….Why? •We praise God •Prayer of thanks to God •The Minister tells the story of how communion started. •We pray for other people •We say ―Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world – have mercy on us‖ •We pass the bread and the wine •We end with saying ‗The peace of the Lord Jesus Christ be with you.‘ Tell about your first communion.
  4. 4. Pray: Holy Jesus, unite with my body and PRAYER soul on this day. Nourish me with• Take and eat Your flesh and refresh me with Your blood, so that my weak faith may be• True body and strengthened, receive the assurance ofblood Your grace, the forgiveness of my sin, and eternal salvation. Clothe me with• Visible elements the pure silk of Your righteousness.• Consecrated by Clothe me in the true wedding garment, that I may appear at Yourthe Word heavenly table as a worthy guest.• Celebration and Now, Lord God and Father, be my help and my protection! Lord JesusBlessing Christ, be my bread, my light, andP raise life! And You, O Holy Spirit, illumineR epentance and preserve me in true sanctification. In that estate, intoA ppreciation which I again am permitted to enterY ou may I remain for all my life. Let me be enveloped in You. Without YouE veryone there is only grief. O dear Savior, letR esolve me ever be with You. Amen. (Johann Habermann, 1516-90).
  5. 5.  LSB 633  5 Mighty Victim from the sky, 1 At the Lambs high feast we sing Hells fierce powrs beneath You lie; Praise to our victorious King, You have conquered in the fight, Who has washed us in the tide You have brought us life and light. Flowing from His piercèd side. Alleluia! Alleluia! 2 Praise we Him, whose love divine  6 Now no more can death appall, Gives His sacred blood for wine, Now no more the grace enthrall; Gives His Body for the feast-- You have opened paradise, Christ the victim, Christ the priest. And Your saints in You shall rise. Alleluia! Alleluia!  7 Easter triumph, Easter joy! 3 Where the paschal blood is poured, This alone can sin destroy; Deaths dread angel sheathes the sword; From sins powr, Lord, set us free, Israels hosts triumphant go Newborn souls in You to be. Alleluia! Through the wave that drowns the foe.  8 Father, who the crown shall give, Alleluia! Savior, by whose death we live, 4 Praise we Christ, whose blood was shed, Spirit, guide through all our days; Paschal victim, paschal bread; Three in One, Your name we praise. With sincerity and love Alleluia! Eat we manna from above. Alleluia!
  6. 6.  “With bread and wine you can walk your road.” ~Spanish Proverb
  7. 7.  • What is the Sacrament of the Altar? •Where is this written? •What are some other names for the Sacrament of the Altar? •Who instituted the Sacrament of the Altar? •What does Christ give us in the sacrament? •How does the Bible make it clear that these words of Christ are not picture language? •What are the visible elements in the Sacrament? •Do Christs body and blood in the Sacrament replace the bread and wine, so that the bread and wine are no longer there? •How then are the bread and win in the Sacrament the body and blood of Christ? •Do all communicants receive the body and blood in the Sacrament, whether or not they believe? •Are the body and blood of Christ in the Sacrament sacrificed again to God for the sins of the living and the dead? •What does Christ command when He says, "This do in remembrance of Me"? •Why are we to receive the Sacrament often?•______________________________ Say Mean Matter SS Take and eat Key phrases Own words Answer the M True body and blood questions/ T Visible elements Personal W Consecrated by the Word application Th Celebration and Blessing
  8. 8.  A Big Mac - the communion wafer of consumption.  John Ralston Saul Faith is not knowledge of an object but communion with it.  Nicolás Gómez Dávila What do we commune with?
  9. 9.  The supper consists of 3 elements  two physical, one verbal 2 symbols  both truly present, but not physiologically or scientifically 1 recipient  Personal, yet connecting with all recipients 1 action  The true communion with Christ
  10. 10.  The Eucharist (giving of thanks) is a commemoration meal instituted by Christ for the Church.  Christ binds himself to all OT believers by fulfilling the passover sacrifice and infusing his own person within this intimate setting of forgiveness.  Christ binds himself to the supper in the same way he binds himself eternally to humanity through incarnation
  11. 11.  The Supper is not:  An infusion of extra/special grace  A magical event that can be used sympathetically  Idolotry or a replacement of the historical events of justification  An unexamined meal of consumption  A ―just a symbol‖ or ―not really Jesus‖ thought meal
  12. 12.  Historically, there have been five reasons people have had problems with Communion:  It is unimportant  It is figurative/not real  People abuse it  You are too sinful  Your pastor is too sinful How might we reconcile these ideas scripturally?
  13. 13.  It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread Christ under the bread and wine, instituted by which we break, is it not the communion of the body Christ Himself for us Christians to eat and to of Christ? (NKJV). drink.  Acts 2:42 They devoted themselves to the apostles The holy Evangelists Matthew, Mark, Luke, and St. teaching and to the fellowship, to the breaking of bread Paul write: and to prayer. Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the night when He was  Matt. 26:26 Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke betrayed, took bread, and when He had given it, and gave it to His disciples, saying, "Take and eat; thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples and this is My body." said: "Take, eat; this is My body, which is given for  Note: Eucharist comes from the Greek word for you. This do in remembrance of Me." "giving thanks." In the same way also He took the cup after supper,  • and when He had given thanks, He gave it to them,  Pray: O Lord, I do truly believe that You are here saying, "Drink of it, all of you; this cup is the new present in this sacrament, both God and man. testament, in My blood, which is shed for you for Your will is that I should receive You, and that I the forgiveness of sins. This do, as often as you should unite myself unto You in charity. Wherefore drink it, in remembrance of Me." I implore Your mercy, and do crave Your special This sacrament is also called the Lords Supper, the grace, to the end I may wholly be dissolved and Lords Table, Holy Communion, the Breaking of overflow with love unto You, and hereafter never Bread, and the Eucharist. allow any external consolation to enter in. For this 1 Cor. 11:20 When you come together, it is not the most high and precious sacrament is the health Lords Supper you eat. both of soul and body, the medicine for all spiritual laziness; hereby my vices are cured, my passions 1 Cor. 10:21 You cannot have a part in both the Lords bridled, my temptations overcome. Amen. table and the table of demons. (Thomas a Kempis, c. 1380-1471) 1 Cor. 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it
  14. 14.  Tertullian  he flesh is washed, in order that the soul may be cleansed; the flesh is anointed, that the soul may be consecrated; the flesh is signed [with the cross], that the soul, too, may be fortified; the flesh is shadowed with the imposition of hands, that the soul also may be illuminated by the Spirit; the flesh feeds on the body and blood of Christ, that the soullikewise may have its fill of God — "Deres. Carnis.", viii
  15. 15.  Augustine  "By those sacrifices of the Old Law, this one Sacrifice is signified, in which there is a true remission of sins; but not only is no one forbidden to take as food the Blood of this Sacrifice, rather, all who wish to possess life are exhorted to drink thereof." (Questions on the Heptateuch 3:57)  That Bread which you see on the altar, having been sanctified by the word of God IS THE BODY OF CHRIST. That chalice, or rather, what is in that chalice, having been sanctified by the word of God, IS THE BLOOD OF CHRIST. Through that bread and wine the Lord Christ willed to commend HIS BODY AND BLOOD, WHICH HE POURED OUT FOR US UNTO THE FORGIVENESS OF SINS." (Sermons 227)
  16. 16.  Luther (―That These Words, This is My Body, Still Stand Against the Fanatics.‖ 1527) But the glory of God is precisely that for our sakes He comes down to the very depths, into human flesh, into the bread, into our mouth, our heart, our bosom; moreover, for our sakes He allows Himself to be treated ingloriously both on the cross and on the altar, as St. Paul says in I Corinthians 11 that some eat the bread in an unworthy manner." "Death indeed tried once, wanting to devour and digest Christs flesh; but it could not. This flesh tore deaths stomach and throat into more than a hundred thousand pieces, so that the teeth of the grave fell to pieces and turned to dust, and this flesh of Christ remains alive. For this food was too strong for death, and has devoured and digested it devourer. God is in this flesh. It is Gods flesh, the Spirits flesh. It is in God and God is in it. Therefore it lives and gives life to all who eat it, both to their bodies and to their souls." "Therefore Christ wills to be in us by nature, in both our soul and body, according to the word in John 6, He who eats Me abides in Me and I in him. If we eat Him spiritually through the Word, He abides in us spiritually in our soul; if one eats Him physically, He abides in us physically and we in Him. As we eat Him, He abides in us and we in Him. For He is not digested or transformed; but ceaselessly He transforms us-our soul into righteousness, our body into immortality. So the ancient fathers spoke of the physical eating."
  17. 17.  Zwingli  I have no use for that notion of a real and true body that does not exist physically, definitely and distinctly in some place, and that sort of nonsense got up by word triflers.  The striking feature of the Zwinglian observance of the sacrament was its simplicity. Because the bread and wine were not physically transformed into Christ‘s body and blood, there was no need for spurious ceremonies and pompous rituals. The occasion was marked by simplicity and reverence, with an emphasis on its nature as a memorial.
  18. 18.  Jesus Christ, who is true God and true  Gal. 3:15 Though it is only a mans man, instituted this sacrament. covenant [will], yet if it is confirmed, no 1 Cor. 11:23-24 1 received from the Lord one annuls or adds to it (NKJV). what I also passed on to you: The Lord  Note: Compare also Heb. 9:15-22. Jesus, on the night He was betrayed, took  • bread, and when He had given thanks, He  Pray: O Blessed Jesus, my only Savior broke it and said, "This is My body, which and most merciful God, in the Sacrament is for you; do this in remembrance of Me." of Your own institution, You give Your In this sacrament Christ gives us His own body and blood to be the nourishment of true body and blood for the forgiveness of my soul. May they preserve my body and sins. soul unto everlasting life. When I eat Matt. 26:26, 28 "This is My body.... This is Your flesh in remembrance that You died My blood." for me, may I feed on it with Christs words in the Sacrament must be thanksgiving; and may Your blood taken at face value especially because convey to my soul all the benefits of Your passion. Grant that I may eat Your flesh A. these words are the words of a and drink Your blood, so that my sinful testament, and even an ordinary persons body may be made clean by Your body, last will and testament may not be and my soul washed through Your most changed once that person has died; precious blood. Amen. (Johann 1 Cor. 11:25 "This cup is the new covenant Gerhard, 1582-1637). [testament] in My blood."
  19. 19.  Substance vs. Accidents  Substance = the actual thing or person that is present  Accidents = the physical composition or attributes of a thing  Difference between ―white‖ and ―Socrates‖ Transubstation  Substance changes from bread to body  Accidents stay the same Is this scriptural?
  20. 20.  B. Gods Word clearly teaches that in the took the cup. Sacrament the bread and wine are a  Note: "The fruit of the vine" (Luke 22:18) in communion or participation in the body the Bible means wine, not grape juice. See and blood of Christ; also I Cor. 11:21. 1 Cor. 10:16 The cup of blessing which we  No, bread and wine remain in the Sacrament. bless, is it not the communion of the blood of  1 Cor. 11:26 Whenever you eat this bread Christ? The bread which we break, is it not and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lords the communion of the body of Christ? death until He comes. (NKJV).  • C. Gods Word clearly teaches that those Pray: Graciously grant, O Lord and Savior, who misuse the Sacrament sin not against that Your holy Sacrament may be kept bread and wine but against Christs body sacred among us, and be used by us for our and blood. soul’s welfare, and that it may not be cast 1 Cor. 11:27, 29 Whoever eats the bread or before dogs and swine. Grant me and all drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy sincere Christians grace to come to a true manner will be guilty of sinning against the knowledge of this Your will and to take it body and blood of the Lord For anyone who well to heart. O let Your worthy Sacrament eats and drinks without recognizing the body be among us what Your mercy has designed of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on it to be: a table where wholesome food and himself. rink is given to poor and grief-stricken The visible elements are bread and wine. sinners who put their trust in You. Amen. Matt. 26:26-27 Jesus took bread.... Then He (Zorn)
  21. 21.  On the first day of the Festival of  Azumwn:  The removal of sin and impurity in preparation Unleavened Bread, the disciples for Passover. Disciples do this in preparation. came to Jesus and asked, ―Where do  Clean one hand for appetizers, than both for you want us to make preparations main meal. for you to eat the Passover?‖  pa/sxa:  The lamb that is slain in connection to Egypt After taking the cup, he gave thanks  Also indirectly connected to Isaac and said,―Take this and divide it  Haggadah among you. 18 For I tell you I will  The liturgical text that outlines the practices of passover, including songs, blessings, and order not drink again from the fruit of the of meals. vine until the kingdom of God  Fruit of the vine comes.‖ (Luke 22:17)  Direct reference to wine  First cup with appetizer While they were eating, Jesus took  Customary to make metaphorical statements bread, and when he had given  Labete fagete, toutoestin to swma mou thanks, he broke it and gave it to his  Blessing (eulugeo) with a symbol enacted. disciples, saying, ―Take and eat; this  Christ is the passover fullfillment. Type/Anti is my body.‖
  22. 22.  27 Then he took a cup, and  pothrion kai euxaristhsav: when he had given thanks,  Cup of blessing before the main course he gave it to them,  Unusual for the Jewish metaphors from saying, ―Drink from it, all the paterfamilias to extend this far (as the meal is gearing up towards its own of you. 28 This is my blood eschatological meaning) of the[b] covenant, which is  Christ is clearly separating his body from poured out for many for his blood, the broken and dead sacrifice the forgiveness of sins. 29 with the covenantal promise of the Paschal  Kai umnhsantev echlqon eiv to When they had sung a Orov twn Elaiwn. hymn, they went out to the  Tradition is fulfilled, Jerusalem left. Mount of Olives.  The family of God in the city of God goes out to the world of temptation
  23. 23.  The bread and wine in the Sacrament are  1 Cor. 5:7 Christ, our Passover lamb, has been Christs body and blood by sacramental sacrificed. union. By the power of His word, Christ gives  Heb. 10:14 By one sacrifice He has made His body and blood in, with, and under the perfect for ever those who are being made holy. consecrated (blessed) bread and wine.  Heb. 10:18 Where these [sins] have been 1 Cor. 10:16 The cup of blessing which we forgiven, there is no longer any sacrifice for sin. bless, is it not the communion of the blood of  Note: We speak of the "Sacrament of the Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the Altar" because an altar is a place of sacrifice. communion of the body of Christ? (NKJV). Jesus sacrificed His body and blood on the Yes, because the Sacrament depends on Christs cross for the sins of the world once and for word, not on our faith. all. In the Sacrament of the Altar, He 1 Cor. 11:27 Whoever eats the bread or drinks distributes this same body and blood until the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will the end of time. be guilty of sinning against the body and blood  • of the Lord.  Pray: Count us worthy of this communion Note: All communicants should receive both also, O God of true, and make our bodies to parts of the Sacrament, since Christ said, contain purity and our souls prudence and "Take and eat; this is my body.... Drink from knowledge. And make us wise, O God of it, all of you" (Matt. 26:2627). compassions, by partaking of the body and No, the body and blood of Christ in the the blood, because through Your only – Sacrament are the one perfect sacrifice begotten Son to You is the glory and the offered to God once and for all on the cross strength and the Holy Spirit, now and to all and are now distributed to us in the the ages of the ages. Amen. (Serapion of Sacrament together with all the blessings and Thumuis, d. after 360).
  24. 24.  The God we worship breaks forth into the muddy world and invades the enemy territory with us in mind Every instance where God is present with his people, forgiving sins, bidding for righteousness, and healing afflictions, there is a descriptive sacrament, including OT typology and liturgical practices In communion, we draw near to the one who declares boldly that we are forgiven in this new, continuing covenant.
  25. 25.  Christ instutitutes a meal in communion with Himself and in expectation/rememberance of his sacrifice. The newly created passover meal (Eucharist) retains the expectaions of the coming messiah into the new escahton The meal now is but a foretaste of the clear and unfiltered communion to come
  26. 26.  Christ commands in these words that His Sacrament the God and Father of Your holy Child Jesus, our be celebrated in the church till the end of time as a Savior! Look down upon us and upon Your flock, living proclamation and distribution of His saving which You have chosen through Him to the glory of death and all its blessings. Your Name. Sanctify us in body and soul, and 1 Cor. 11:26 Whenever you eat this bread and drink this grant us the favor to be made pure from all cup, you proclaim the Lords death until He comes. filthiness of flesh and spirit. May we obtain the We are to receive the Sacrament often because A. good things laid up for us. Do not count any of us Christ commands, or urgently invites, us, saying, unworthy. But be our Comforter, Helper, and "This do in remembrance of Me"; B. His words, Protector through Your Christ, with whom glory, "Given and shed for you for the forgiveness of sins" honor, praise, doxology, and thanksgiving be to You promise and offer us great blessings; and to the Holy Spirit forever. Amen. (Apostolic Matt. 11:28 Come to Me, all you who are weary and Constitutions, c. 350-80). burdened and I will Live you rest.  May my reason, sense, and intellect be ever C. we need the forgiveness of our sins and the submissive to Your Word. May I earnestly resolve strength for a new and holy life. to better and improve my life with Your help. In John 15:5 1 am the vine; you are the branches If a man this precious sacrament, may I not only receive remains in Me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; Your body and blood with my mouth, but also apart from Me you can do nothing. accept You in true faith, my Savior and Redeemer, Note: In the New Testament, the Sacrament was a enthrone You in my heart, and find in You my life regular and major feature of congregational worship, and blessedness. For YOouare the living bread not an occasional extra (Acts 2:42; 20:7; 1 Cor. 11:20, which comes down from heaven and brings life to 33). In Reformation times our churches celebrated men. O beloved Lord, my spirit and my mind the Sacrament "every Sunday and on other festivals" yearn for You. As the hart pants after the water (Apology XXIV 1). brooks, so pants my soul after You, O God. My soul thirsts for God, for the living God. When shall • I come and appear before God? Fill me with Your Pray: O God, who is great and whose name is grace. Amen. (Johann Habermann, 1516-90). great, who is great in counsel and mighty in works,
  27. 27.  He comes down; down from the heights of absolute being into time and space, down into humanity; down further still ... (to) the womb ... down to the very roots and sea-bed of the Nature He has created. But He goes down to come up again and bring the whole ruined world up with Him
  28. 28.  LSB 622 Here with Your congregation. Remember that I am but dust, 1 Lord Jesus Christ, You have Firm as a rock this truth shall And let my faith not fail me. prepared stand, Your Supper in this vale of tears This feast for our salvation; Unmoved by any daring hand Refreshes me and stills my fears It is Your body and Your blood, Or subtle craft and cunning. And is my priceless treasure. And at Your invitation  4 We eat this bread and drink  7 Grant that we worthily receive As weary souls, with sin this cup, Your Supper, Lord, our Savior, oppressed, Your precious Word believing And, truly grieving o’er our We come to You for needed rest, That Your true body and Your sins, For comfort, and for pardon. blood May prove by our behavior 2 Although You did to Heav’n Our lips are here receiving. That we are thankful for Your ascend, This word remains forever true, grace Where angel hosts are dwelling, All things are possible with You, And day by day may run our And in Your presence they For You are Lord Almighty. race, behold 5 Though reason cannot In holiness increasing. Your glory, all excelling, understand,  8 For Your consoling supper, And though Your people shall Yet faith this truth embraces; Lord, not see Your body, Lord, is even now Be praised throughout all ages! Your glory and Your majesty At once in many places. Preserve it, for in evry place Till dawns the judgment I leave to You how this can be; The world against it rages. morning. Your Word alone suffices me; Grant that this sacrament may 3 Yet, Savior, You are not I trust its truth unfailing. be confined  6 Lord, I believe what You have A blessèd comfort unto me To any habitation; said; When living and when dying. But You are present even now Help me when doubts assail me;
  29. 29.  Pray: O that to me also one of the of the cross. With this win, Lord Seraphim would bring the burning Jesus purify our senses, that we coal from the celestial altar, taking may adore You, and worship You. it in the tongs of the two Amen. (Ambrose of Milan, c. 339- testaments, and with the fire purge 97). my unclean lips! But You, O Lord, in revelation of the mystery have come to us in the flesh. Do not send any deputy, nor any messenger, but You Yourself cleanse my conscience from my secret sins. There is a cup, which You use to purify the hidden chambers of the soul, a cup not of the old order nor filled from a common vine. It is a new cup, brought down from heaven to earth, filled with wine pressed from the wondrous cluster, which hung in fleshly form upon the tree
  30. 30. It is the true body and blood of our Lord Jesus Christ under by sacramental union. By the power of His word, Christ gives Histhe bread and wine, instituted by Christ Himself for us body and blood in, with, and under the consecrated (blessed) breadChristians to eat and to drink. The holy Evangelists Matthew, and wine.Mark, Luke, and St. Paul write: Our Lord Jesus Christ, on the Yes, because the Sacrament depends on Christs word, not on ournight when He was betrayed, took bread, and when He had faith.given thanks, He broke it and gave it to the disciples and said: Note: All communicants should receive both parts of the"Take, eat; this is My body, which is given for you. This do in Sacrament, since Christ said, "Take and eat; this is my body....remembrance of Me." In the same way also He took the cup Drink from it, all of you" (Matt. 26:2627).after supper, and when He had given thanks, He gave it to No, the body and blood of Christ in the Sacrament are the onethem, saying, "Drink of it, all of you; this cup is the new perfect sacrifice offered to God once and for all on the cross andtestament, in My blood, which is shed for you for the are now distributed to us in the Sacrament together with all theforgiveness of sins. This do, as often as you drink it, in blessings and benefits which this sacrifice has won for us.remembrance of Me." This sacrament is also called the Lords Note: We speak of the "Sacrament of the Altar" because an altar isSupper, the Lords Table, Holy Communion, the Breaking of a place of sacrifice. Jesus sacrificed His body and blood on theBread, and the Eucharist. cross for the sins of the world once and for all. In the Sacrament ofNote: Eucharist comes from the Greek word for "giving thanks." the Altar, He distributes this same body and blood until the end ofJesus Christ, who is true God and true man, instituted this time.sacrament. Christ commands in these words that His Sacrament be celebratedIn this sacrament Christ gives us His own true body and blood for in the church till the end of time as a living proclamation andthe forgiveness of sins. distribution of His saving death and all its blessings.Christs words in the Sacrament must be taken at face value We are to receive the Sacrament often because A. Christespecially because A. these words are the words of a testament, commands, or urgently invites, us, saying, "This do inand even an ordinary persons last will and testament may not be remembrance of Me"; B. His words, "Given and shed for you forchanged once that person has died; 1 the forgiveness of sins" promise and offer us great blessings;B. Gods Word clearly teaches that in the Sacrament the bread and C. we need the forgiveness of our sins and the strength for a newwine are a communion or participation in the body and blood of and holy life.Christ; C. Gods Word clearly teaches that those who misuse the Note: In the New Testament, the Sacrament wa regular and majorSacrament sin not against bread and wine but against Christs body feature of congregational worship, not an occasional extra. Inand blood. The visible elements are bread and wine. Reformation times our churches celebrated the Sacrament "everyNote: "The fruit of the vine" (Luke 22:18) in the Bible means wine, Sunday and on other festivals" (Apology XXIV 1).not grape juice.No, bread and wine remain in the Sacrament.The bread and wine in the Sacrament are Christs body and blood
  31. 31.  Benefit of Communion

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