The Sacraments 1.The Nature of Holy Baptism: Understanding how we come to faith… Memorization Verses:Acts 2:38-39 Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in thename of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive thegift of the Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your children and for all whoare far off-for all whom the Lord our God will call."
LSB 602 Them for this world’s strife.1 The gifts Christ freely gives 3 The gifts of grace and peaceHe gives to you and me From absolution flow; 6 All glory to the OneTo be His Church, His bride, The pastor’s words are Who lavishes such love;His chosen, saved and free! Christ’s The triune God in loveSaints blest with these rich For us to trust and know. Assures our life above. gifts Forgiveness that we need His means of grace for usAre children who proclaim Is granted to us there; Are gifts He loves to give;That they were won by Christ The Lord of mercy sends All thanks and praise for HisAnd cling to His strong name. Us forth in His blest care. Great love by which we live!2 The gifts flow from the font 4 The gifts are there each dayWhere He calls us His own; The holy Word is read;New life He gives that makes God’s children listen, hear,Us His and His alone. Receive, and they are fed.Here He forgives our sins Christ fills them with Himself,With water and His Word; Blest words that give themThe triune God Himself life,Gives pow’r to call Him Lord. Restoring and refreshing
Baptism: Graphically organize the nature of it.
Gone, gone, gone, gone,Yes my sins are gone.Now my soul is free and in my hearts a song.Buried in the deepest seaYes, thats good enough for me.I shall live eternally.Praise God! My sins are g-o-n-e, gone!
Water, taken in moderation, cannot hurt anybody. ~Mark Twain A funeral is not death, any more than baptism is birth or marriage union. All three are the clumsy devices, coming now too late, now too early, by which Society would register the quick motions of man. E.M. Forster, Howard’s End In baptism one returns to the state of creation ... when all humanity was unified. L. MICHAEL WHITE, From Jesus to Christianity That is the best baptism that leaves the man cleanest inside. HENRY WARD BEECHER, Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit
• What is baptism? • Which is that word of God? • What does the word baptize mean? • What is so special about the water of Baptism? •Who instituted Holy Baptism? •What does it mean to baptize "in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit"? •Who is to baptize? •Who is to be baptized? • What distinction is to be made in baptizing? •Why are babies to be baptized? •Why does the church encourage the use of sponsors at Baptism?______________________________ Say Mean Matter SS: Water + Word M: Water + Spirit Key phrases Own words Answer the T: All Nations questions/ W: Children Come Personal Th: Teaching application
There are 4 basic truths concerning Baptism: 1. Faith is a gift given by the whole working of the Trinity through the Cross TO THE CHURCH. 2. Baptism is meant for all people, regardless of ethnicity, gender, age, or mental capacity as THE PLACE in which God PROMISES HIS PRESENCE. 3. Baptism confers saving grace as an objective truth by His word, and is the proper means and reality by which the Elect live all their days. 4. Baptism is the dying to sin and rising in Christ; a spiritual and physical truth that manifests in worship
Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus having been baptized into His death? Therefore, we have been buried with Him through baptism into death, so that as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we too might walk in newness of life ~Romans 6:3-4 ba/ptisma: immersion and submersion. Refers to calamities, washing of hands, and being under water. In this case, baptism is referring to the Church ritual of receiving newness through water and the word. eiv ton qanaton: Parallels verse 5 “we died WITH Christ” diathv dochv tou patrov, outwv kai hmeiv en kainothti zwhvperi pathswmen: dia is used twice, “through baptism” and “through the glory of the Father” denotes reason, channel, means by which something happens
First: Baptism is not just plain water, but it is the water included in Gods command and combined with Gods word: Christ our Lord says in the last chapter of Matthew: "Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit." [Matt. 28:19]. • Pray: Grant me, O God, in judgment’s hour to feel alone Your saving power. Let mercy’s ray unclouded shine. Let the full stream of grace be mine. For grace and mercy dwell with you. Eternally may I dwell there, too. Amen. (Gregory of Nazianzus. C. 329- c. 390)
Baptize means to apply water by bodies washed with pure water. immersing, washing, pouring, and the Note: To baptize with the Holy Spirit like. (Matt. 3:11) means to "pour out" the Ezek. 36:25-27 Then I will sprinkle clean Spirit (Acts 1:5 and Acts 2:1718). "It is water on you, and you will be clean; I will nothing else than a divine water, not that cleanse you from all your filthiness and the water in itself is nobler than other from all your idols. Moreover, I will give water but that Gods Word and you a new heart and put a new spirit within commandment are added to it" (Large you; and I will remove the heart of stone Catechism IV, 14). from your flesh and give you a heart of God Himself instituted Baptism, for our flesh. I will put My Spirit within you and Lord Jesus Christ commanded His cause you to walk in My statutes, and you church to baptize all nations. will be careful to observe My ordinances. Matt. 28:19-20 Go and make disciples of Mark 7:4 When they [the Pharisees] come all nations, baptizing them in the name of from the marketplace they do not eat unless the Father and of the Son and of the Holy they wash. And they observe many other Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything traditions, such as the washing [baptizing] I have commanded you. of cups, pitchers, and kettles. In Baptism, God, the Holy Trinity, Heb. 10:22 Let us draw near to God with a receives me into communion or fellowship sincere heart in full assurance of faith, with Himself. having our hearts sprinkled to cleanse us • from a guilty conscience and having our
Pray: Keep, I pray, my faith undefiled. Even till my spirit departs, grant that this may be the expression of my convictions, so that I may ever hold fast that which I professed in the creed of my new birth, when I was baptized in the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit. In short, let me adore You, our Father, and Your Son together with You. Let me win the favor of Your Holy Spirit, who is from You, through Your Only-begotten. For I have a convincing witness to my faith, who says, “Father, all that are Mine are Yours and all that are Yours are mine.” This is my Lord Jesus Christ, who abides in You and from You, and with You, forever God, who is blessed forever and ever. Amen. (Hilary of Poitiers, c. 315-c. 368).
Three different groups have been discouraged from the font for different reasons throughout Church history: “Bad” People: People who MIGHT be in position to sin too much later in life and won’t be able to repent enough without the added benefit of baptism on their deathbed. (4th c. Christianity as advised under Tertullian) “Doubt” People: People who might be unsure that God is calling them to the font; either through lack of knowledge/commitment, or anxiety over false confessions. “Unfit” People: People who might be too young or mentally undeveloped to “receive faith” intellectually, or our not actually held responsible for sin (or are innocent until an age of accountabilty).
Normally the called ministers of Christ are to before he was baptized (Acts 8:26-39). The baptize, but in cases of emergency and when jailer was instructed before he was baptized no pastor is available, any Christian should (Acts 16:25-33). baptize. • 1 Cor. 4:1 Let a man so consider us, as servants Pray: Remember, O Lord, all who in heathen of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God lands are under instruction for Holy (NKJV). Baptism. Have mercy upon them and Note: For a short form of Baptism in cases of confirm them in the faith. Remove all the emergency, see the end of this section. reamins of idolatry and superstition from "All nations" are to be baptized, that is, all their hearts, that being devoted to Your law, people, young and old. Your precepts, Your fear, Your truths, and A.Those who can receive instruction are to be Your commandments, they may grow to a baptized after they have been instructed in firm knowledge of the Word in which they the main articles of the Christian faith. have been instructed. And may they be Acts 2:38-39 Peter replied, "Repent and be found worthy to become a dwelling of the baptized, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Holy Spirit, by the washing of regeneration Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you for the forgiveness of their sins, through will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. The Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. (Basil of promise is for you and your children and for all Caesarea, c. 330-79) who are far off-for all whom the Lord our God will call." Acts 2:41 Those who accepted his message were baptized. Bible narratives: The Ethiopian was instructed
Answering the question “is it for everyone” starts with another question “How does Baptism relate and connect to Faith?” The two are different. A personal and abiding Faith DOES save alone (sola fide) However, Faith abides as a visible community (the Church and the Family) in which people profess and declare the Word of God TOGETHER. In this context, we do not grant the certainty that everyone who “professes” has faith, nor that those who do not “profess” do not have faith (visible and invisible Church) Faith ALSO communes with the objective reality of Baptism, and is therefore effective because of Trust. This is not a single event, but a continual reclamation, resurrection, newness of being.
Responding to the objections in turn: “Bad” people: Baptism is HOW you who are faithful DIE to the sin that you profess to hate. You also become alive in Christ so that you should not fear being a slave to sin again. Just as Christ’s death is a one time event ushering a new reality and identity before the Father, so also we have the promise of finality regarding our position before the Father (i.e. His Children, heirs to the promise, slaves to Christ, soldiers of the gospel)
“Doubt” people: Baptism, just as Faith, is not an unsure commitment or good work that you accomplish for God But God desires to be with you in Baptism and through the word, as that is where he has promised to be. Do not be afraid of the gifts of God.
“Unfit” people: The Holy Spirit is NOT confined to someone’s brain (or liver, or heart for that matter). If the Spirit works to make fetus John excited about fetus Jesus, why might He shy away from making baby Ben or baby Jude or baby Jasmine His with the “circumcision” of the heart found in Baptism? (Col. 2:11). People may come to reject and deny Baptism, but does this say anything about the impotence of Baptism? Does the sewer look at his seed on rocky soil and think “these seeds are crap”? Should teaching children also be restricted unless they are old enough?
B. Little children should be baptized when they children to Him and said, "Let the little children are brought to Baptism by those who have come to Me, and do not hinder them, for the authority over them. kingdom of God belongs to such as these. I tell you Mark 10:13-15 People were bringing little children the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdom to Jesus to have Him touch them, but the disciples of God like a little child, will never enter it.” rebuked them. When Jesus saw this, He was • indignant. He said to them, "Let the little children Pray: We beg you, O God of truth, on behalf of come to Me, and do not hinder them, for the Your servants and pray that You would count kingdom of God belongs to such as these. I tell you them worthy of the divine mystery and of Your the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdom indescribable regeneration. For to You, O loving of God like a little child will never enter it." God, we offered them. To You we devote them: Babies are to be baptized because Grant that every baptized person may live in this A. they are included in the words "all nations"; divine regeneration, to the end that they may no Matt. 28:19 Go and make disciples of all nations, longer be led by any bad and evil one, but baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the worship You continually and observe Your Son and of the Holy Spirit. ordinances as Your only-begotten Word guides Acts 2:38-39 Repent and be baptized, every one of them. For through Christ to You is the glory and you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness the strength of the Holy Spirit both now and to all of your sins. And you will receive the gift of the the ages of the ages. Amen. (Serapion of Holy Spirit. The promise is for you and your Thumuis, d. after 360). children. B. Jesus especially invites little children to come to Him; Luke 18:15-17 People were also bringing babies to Jesus to have Him touch them. When the disciples saw this, they rebuked them. But Jesus called the
Christ is truly present IN Baptism Everything that Christ accomplishes through his Incarnation, Humiliation, Crucifixion and Resurrection become a unified reality in Baptism Just as God declares that human flesh will be His own, so also He declares that Water, Spoken Word, Bread and Wine are His own. Just as Christ declares forgiveness throughout History using different means, so also the entirety of grace as a state of being is declared in Baptism.
C. as sinners, babies need what Baptism offers; Eph. 4:16 From Him the whole body, joined and John 3:5-6 No one can enter the kingdom of God held together by every supporting ligament, unless he is born of water and the Spirit. Flesh grows and builds itself up in love, as each part gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to does its work. spirit. • Eph. 2:3 Like the rest, we were by nature objects Pray: Heavenly Father, even the smallest of wrath. infants recognize their parents and ry out for D. babies also are able to have faith. their care. Through Holy Baptism, You have Matt. 18:6 If anyone causes one of these little opened Your kingdom to people of all ages. ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better Lead us to treasure our Baptism the way an for him to have a large millstone hung around his infant treasure the gentle embraces of its neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. parents. Grant us a lifelong faith springing Bible narrative: John the Baptist was "filled with from Your command and nurtured by the the Holy Spirit even from birth" (Luke 1:15), and sincere milk of Your Word, through Jesus even before birth (1:41-44). Christ, our Lord. Amen. (EE) Sponsors witness that those who receive this sacrament have been properly baptized. They also pray for them and in the case of children, help with their Christian upbringing, especially if they should lose their parents. Only those of the same confession of faith should be sponsors. Matt. 18:16 "Every matter may be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses."
Even though all the gifts of Grace through Faith are given in Baptism as a singular event, it has continual benefits Our life of worship begins and ends at the font (church architecture usually relates this truth symbolically). Everything in life is a reminder of God’s forgiveness, since His means are base substances (Shower, washing hands, swimming, drinking, admiring) We worship in weakness, relying upon God for our salvation. We live in our death, knowing God has raised us to new life. ENJOY THE HAPPY CONFLICT!
"Thus in the Old Testament the faces of the Lord were the pillar of fire, the cloud, and the mercy seat; in the New Testament, baptism, the Lords Supper, the ministry of the word, and the like. By means of these God shows us, as by a visible sign, that He is with us, takes care of us, and is favorably inclined toward us." LW 1:30
"PRAY ON" from « American Negro Songs » by J. W. Work, 1940 In the river of Jordan John baptized How I long to be baptized In the river of Jordan John baptized Unto the dying Lamb Pray on! Pray on! Pray on! You mourning souls Pray on! Pray on Unto the dying Lamb We baptize all that come by faith How I long to be baptized We baptize all that come by faith Unto the dying Lamb Here’s another one come to be baptized How I long to be baptized Here’s another one come to be baptized Unto the dying Lamb
First: Baptism is not just plain water, but it is main articles of the Christian faith. B. Littlethe water included in Gods command and children should be baptized when they arecombined with Gods word. brought to Baptism by those who haveBaptize means to apply water by immersing, authority over them.washing, pouring, and the like. Babies are to be baptized because"It is nothing else than a divine water, not that A. they are included in the words "allthe water in itself is nobler than other water nations";but that Gods Word and commandment are B. Jesus especially invites little children toadded to it" (Large Cat. IV, 14). come to Him;God Himself instituted Baptism, for our Lord C. as sinners, babies need what BaptismJesus Christ commanded His church to offers;baptize all nations. D. babies also are able to have faith.In Baptism, God, the Holy Trinity, receives Sponsors witness that those who receive thisme into communion or fellowship with sacrament have been properly baptized. TheyHimself. • also pray for them and in the case of children,Normally the called ministers of Christ are to help with their Christian upbringing,baptize, but in cases of emergency and when especially if they should lose their parents.no pastor is available, any Christian should Only those of the same confession of faithbaptize. should be sponsors."All nations" are to be baptized, that is, allpeople, young and old.A.Those who can receive instruction are to bebaptized after they have been instructed in the