11.12.09 sacraments intro


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11.12.09 sacraments intro

  1. 1. The Sacraments An Introduction Memorization Verses:Acts 2:38 Peter replied, "Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the nameof Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins. And you will receive the gift ofthe Holy Spirit.‖1 Cor. 1:28 [God] chose the lowly things of this world and the despised things—and the things that are not—to nullify the things that are.
  2. 2.  LSB 602 The pastor’s words are Is food from Calvary. 1 The gifts Christ freely gives Christ’s The body and the blood He gives to you and me For us to trust and know. Remove our ev’ry sin; To be His Church, His bride, Forgiveness that we need We leave His presence in His chosen, saved and free! Is granted to us there; His peace, renewed again. Saints blest with these rich The Lord of mercy sends gifts Us forth in His blest care.  6 All glory to the One Are children who proclaim Who lavishes such love; That they were won by Christ  4 The gifts are there each day The triune God in love And cling to His strong name. The holy Word is read; Assures our life above. God’s children listen, hear, His means of grace for us 2 The gifts flow from the font Receive, and they are fed. Are gifts He loves to give; Where He calls us His own; Christ fills them with All thanks and praise for His New life He gives that makes Himself, Great love by which we live! Us His and His alone. Blest words that give them Here He forgives our sins life, With water and His Word; Restoring and refreshing The triune God Himself Them for this world’s strife. Gives to call Him Lord.  5 The gifts are in the feast, 3 The gifts of grace and peace Gifts far more than we see; From absolution flow; Beneath the bread and wine
  3. 3. Sacrament = Mysteryμυστήριον (mysterion)Help the fallenphrases:
  4. 4. Lutheran Teaching on the Sacraments A sacrament is a sacred act instituted by God, in which God Himself has joined His Word of promise to a visible element, and by which He offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins earned by Christ.
  5. 5. PRAYER• Sacrament• Mystery• Baptism• Lords Supper• Word enclosedP raiseR epentanceA ppreciationY ouE veryoneR esolve
  6. 6. LSB 720 3 Help then, O Lord, our unbelief; And may our faith abound;1 We walk by faith and not by sight, To call on You when You are nearNo gracious words we hear And seek where You are found.From Him who spoke as none e’er spoke,But we believe Him near. 4 For You, O resurrected Lord,2 We may not touch His hands and side, Are found in means divine:Nor follow where He trod; Beneath the water and the Word,But in His promise we rejoice Beneath the bread and wine.And cry, ―My Lord and God!‖ 5 Lord, when our life of faith is done, In realms of clearer light We may behold You as You are With full and endless sight.
  7. 7. The first saving ordinance is baptism. Thus,with baptism, to use the Prophet JosephSmith’s metaphor, we step onto the ladder.Once on the ladder, there are more steps totake. Climbing the ladder requires manythings: the saving grace of our Savior, ourown faith and repentance and good works,and the assistance of the priesthood(see D&C 84:19–22). In particular, our owngood actions are aided by additionalenabling power that comes throughpriesthood ordinances: first baptism, andeventually the temple endowment andsealing. In effect, we are helped up theladder by the grace of Christ ―after all wecan do‖ (2 Ne. 25:23). There is no other way(see 2 Ne. 31:21).
  8. 8. Speaking in other tongues wasthe first physical manifestationof the Holy Spirit baptismthroughout the book of Acts(Acts 2:4; 10:46; 19:6). Onceyou have asked for this baptism,ask God to anoint you. Then inpraise and worship, wait for theanointing. This witness oftongues will come forth. Expectit! Rejoice in it! You are aunique individual, and yourexperiences will be your own.
  9. 9.  Baptism was given to take away the sin inherited from Adam (original sin) and any sins we personally committed before baptism—sins we personally commit are called actual sins, because they come from our own acts. For sins committed after baptism, a different sacrament is needed. It has been called penance, confession, and reconciliation, each word emphasizing one of its
  10. 10.  • What is a sacrament? •How many such sacraments are there? • Why are we to treasure the sacraments, when water, bread, and wine are such common elements?______________________________ SS: Defined M: Mystery Say Mean Matter T: Baptism W: Holy Communion Key phrases Own words Answer the Th: Word and Promise questions/ Personal application
  11. 11.  You ever hear the expressions: 1. ―Let Jesus reign in your heart‖? 2. ―Jesus leaves inside my heart‖? 3. ―Jesus is with me always‖? 4. ―Jesus is talking to you today‖? What do these expressions mean? Are they:  Literalistic Truths?  Figures of Speech?  Spiritual Realities?  Something ineffable? These popular phrases develop a basic entry into the realities of Sacramental Theology
  12. 12.  What is your connotation of the word ―symbol‖?  Fake?  Different?  Representative?  Picture? Have you ever been gripped in a perfect, perhaps overly kitsch moment of aesthetic perfection and beauty?  Would not the expression ―symbol‖ take on a different, and perhaps, more efficacious meaning?
  13. 13.  Sacrament Etymology:  L. Sacramentum, ―a consecrating‖, o. sacred. Oath of loyalty  Gk. musth/rion, ―something that is unknown‖ usually used in the context of God’s will, secret consel, a hidden purpose, or a exclusively revealed truth.  Col. 1:26 ―Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints:‖ Sacrament Theology:  The use of MEANS, biblically instituted, that create, impute, declare, and reinforce the unity the Saints have in Christ (both person, and action)
  14. 14.  A sacrament is a sacred act A. instituted by God, B. in which God Himself has joined His Word of promise to a visible element, C. and by which He offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins earned by Christ. •
  15. 15.  Note: The word sacrament comes to us world, taken up in glory. from the Latin Bible, where it translates  ….Later it was narrowed down to our the Greek word mystery. μυστήριον present sense. (mysterion). At first this word  • described all the saving truths of the faith, such as the Trinity, the incarnation, the redemption, the church (see for instance … 1 Cor. 4:1 This is how one should regard us, as servants of Christ and stewards of the mysteries of God. Eph. 5:32 This mystery is profound, and I am saying that it refers to Christ and the church. I Tim. 3:16 Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness: He was manifested in the flesh, vindicated by the Spirit, seen by angels, proclaimed among the nations, believed on in the
  16. 16.  What if a doctor knew a patient had a terrible illness, but required that the patient blindly anticipate or understand his serious predicament without any MEANS of communication? How long would this doctor be licensed?
  17. 17.  God creates and sustains the world:  Therefore, He also creates and sustains language and substances to be used towards His purpose. Why was language created?  To glorify God, to tell of his salvation (Ps. 40:3) Why was water created?  To instruct towards a reliance beyond myself (John 4:13-14)  To be redeemed as a consecration when delivered with God’s language to us. (John 3:5)
  18. 18.  While not being a sacrament proper (discussed later), many archetypes and foreshadowing of sacramental Theology exist in the OT.  Animal Clothing  Tower of Babel  Circumcision  Noah and the Flood  Sacrificial System  Passover and Festivals  The Ten Commandments  Marriage  Warfare  Government  Temple
  19. 19.  Lutherans interpret the number of Sacraments according to its most basic scriptural elements:  Instituted directly by Christ and developed in thought by the disciples as they continued the practice for future generations.  Pertaining to a consecrated substance or metaphysical truth (such as language and spiritual ideas) with Christ’s very presence and authority (―in the name of‖) sealing the believer in unity. There clearly exist two concrete sacraments (and one transitory):  Baptism (Matt. :19, Acts 2:38)  Communion (Lk. 22:19, 1 Cor. 11:24)  Confession/Absolution (James 5:16)
  20. 20.  By this definition there are two reveal, give, and convey unto me the sacraments: Holy Baptism and the Lords saving grace which Christ has Supper. Note: Sometimes Holy obtained for me. And I thank You for Absolution is counted as a third Your holy Sacraments, through which sacrament, even though it has no You did deal with me in divinely instituted visible element (Large particular, and did seal unto me Your Catechism IV 74; Apology XIll 4). grace by means of visible signs. I pray Acts 2:38 Peter replied, "Repent and be You, my gracious God, thus to make baptized, every one of you, in the name me firm and glad in faith, and of Jesus Christ for the for giveness of altogether sure of Your grace. Amen. your sins. And you will receive the gift (C.M. Zorn, 1846-1928). of the Holy Spirit."  • 1 Cor. 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ? (NKJV). Pray: I thank You, my God, for Your Holy Gospel, through which You did
  21. 21.  Describing faith as a ―gift‖ leaves us with inadequate connotations and misperceptions:  Gifts may be incomplete  Gifts may only exist for a while, then break or become obsolete  Gifts may require good behavior (do we have an example of this coming up?) Ultimately, gifts are transient, stuck in time, are only a single unit, or are simple rewards for already inward goodness.
  22. 22.  Let us think of the gift of the Sacraments as unity in RELATIONSHIP:  When did you love your spouse more, on your wedding day, or now? (don’t answer!)  When were you more connected with your son or daughter, when they were babies or when they grew up? Baptism, Confession, Communion are all COMPLETE gifts that confirm the SAME, FULL truth of Christ  Some are one time, like births  Others are after faults, like ―I’m Sorry’s‖  Still others are routine like ―oh do you like it? I am not partial to deserts myself…but…‖ 
  23. 23.  A Sacrament is only effective in so far as God’s will is active and sovereign over the world and in the life of the Church.  A clear power in the declarative promises of God in Scripture  A clear power in the actual intercession of God in human and world affairs Just as with any miracle, the sacramental life of the Church exists because of God’s decree to forgive and commune with His Saints.
  24. 24.  "The sacraments and all the external things ordained and instituted by God should be regarded not according to the gross, external mask (as we see the shell of a nut) but as that in which Gods Word is enclosed" (Large Cat. IV, 19). 1 Cor. 1:28 God chose what is low and despised in the world, even things that are not, to bring to nothing things that are. •
  25. 25.  The Father’s proceeding willto be active in covenant, OT foreshadowing through sacrifice, and preservation of Israel as an efficacious symbol of Christ. The Christ’s suffering, death, and resurrection towards sinful humanity is the ―primordial‖ sacrament The Spirit imparts the Church communion, the individual will and discernment, and everlasting thirst for the means of grace given for both bodily and spiritual edification
  26. 26.  Christ immerses Himself in the boundaries of human limitation and experience.  This miraculous infusion of God and man is unknown except through scripture and by faith with the conviction of the HS Every consecration and participation in the Eucharist is a breaking down of barriers between Holiness and the profane.  It is an efficacious representation and a true ―living within‖ the incarnation of Christ Every Baptism is a declaration of Christ’s birth.  Water now is a symbol of my complete rebirth and future resurrection  I ―live my baptism‖ everyday, just as Christ lived his humanity everyday for me.
  27. 27.  Bible narrative: By Gods promise the precious Word. Again we ask You to plain Jordan River had the power to cure give us thankful hearts that we may Naamans leprosy (2 Kings 5:1-14). love Your holy Word, prize it very • highly , hear it reverently, and improve our lives accordingly. And so Pray: Almighty and everlasting may we not only understand Your God, we pray in the name of Your dear Word rightly but also meet its Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. requirements by our deeds. May we First, send a spiritual kingdom and live in accordance with it and daily the blessed Gospel ministry. Give us increase in faith and good works. May devout and faithful preachers who will these hallow Your name, let Your bring forth the treasure of Your divine kingdom come, and Your will be done. Word in truth and purity. Graciously Amen. (Luther). guard us against schisms and heresies. Do not look upon our ingratitude with which we have long ago deserved that You take Your Word away from us. Do not punish us as severely as we deserve. Rather let other harm come to use, but do not deprive us of Your
  28. 28.  TLH 65 4. When Jesus comes, --O blessed story!-- He works a change in heart and life; Gods kingdom comes with power and glory To young and old, to man and wife; Through Sacrament and living Word Faith, love, and hope are now conferred.
  29. 29. A sacrament is a sacred actA. instituted by God,B. in which God Himself has joinedHis Word of promise to a visibleelement,C. and by which He offers, gives, andseals the forgiveness of sins earned byChrist.By this definition there are twosacraments: Holy Baptism and theLords Supper."The sacraments and all the externalthings ordained and instituted by Godshould be regarded not according tothe gross, external mask (as we see theshell of a nut) but as that in whichGods Word is enclosed" (Large Cat.IV, 19).
  30. 30.  The Holy Sacrament of Holy Baptism