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The cone of experience


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The cone of experience

  1. 1. 8
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  8. 8. “The Cone is a visual analogy, and like allanalogies, it does not bear an exact and detailed relationship to complex elements it represents.” - Edgar Dale -
  9. 9. Given 11 randomized bands of the Cone of Experience, arrange the jumbled bands in order inside a cone according to the degree of abstraction.
  10. 10. Direct Purposeful Experiences Demonstrations Dramatized Experiences Study Trips Contrived Experiences Educational Television Visual Symbols Exhibits Recordings: Radio, Still Verbal Symbols Pictures Motion Pictures
  11. 11. Verbal Symbols Visual Symbols Recordings, Radio, Still Pictures Motion Pictures Educational Television Exhibits Study Trips Demonstrations Dramatized Experiences Contrived Experiences Direct Purposeful ExperiencesEDGAR DALE’S: THE CONE OF EXPERIENCE
  12. 12. Direct Purposeful Experiences  First hand experience that serve as the foundation of learning.  Learning by doing.
  13. 13. Contrived Experiences  We make use of arepresentative models or mock ups of reality for practical reasons.
  14. 14. Dramatized Experiences By dramatization, we can participate in a reconstructed experience even though the original event is far removed from us in time.
  15. 15. Demonstrations A visualized explanation of an important fact, idea, or process by the use of photographs, drawings, films, displays, or guided motion.
  16. 16. Study Trips  Excursions or visitsconducted to observe anevent that is unavailable inside the classroom.
  17. 17. Exhibits Displays to be seen by spectators.
  18. 18. Television & Motion Pictures Reconstruct reality of the past so effectively.
  19. 19. Recordings, Radio, Still Pictures  These are visual and auditory devices may be used by individual or group.
  20. 20. Visual Symbols  No longer realisticreproduction of physical things for these are highly abstract representation. Charts, graphs, maps, diagram
  21. 21. Verbal Symbols These are not like object or ideas for which they stand. They usually do not contain a visual clues to their meaning.
  22. 22. What are the implications of thecone of experience inthe teaching learning process?
  23. 23.  Do not use only one medium of communication. Do not proceed with the abstract without adequate foundation of the concrete.
  24. 24.  Don’t get stuck with the concrete. Let us strive to bring our students to the symbolic abstract level to develop their higher thinking skills.
  25. 25. Small Group Work
  26. 26.  If you teach a lesson on the meaning of ½, 1/3, and ¼ how will you proceed if you follow the pattern in Dale’s Cone ofExperience beginning with the concrete moving toward the abstract.
  27. 27. Making Connection
  28. 28.  How does the dictum in philosophy “there is nothing in mind that was not first in the senses” relate what you learned from the cone of experience?
  29. 29.  Alfred North Whitehead said: “In the Garden of Eden, Adam saw the animals before he named them. In the traditional system, children name the animals before they see them.” How would you relate this remark to the Cone of Experience?