“The Cone is a visual analogy, and like allanalogies, it does not bear an exact and detailed relationship to complex elements it represents.” - Edgar Dale -
Given 11 randomized bands of the Cone of Experience, arrange the jumbled bands in order inside a cone according to the degree of abstraction.
Direct Purposeful Experiences Demonstrations Dramatized Experiences Study Trips Contrived Experiences Educational Television Visual Symbols Exhibits Recordings: Radio, Still Verbal Symbols Pictures Motion Pictures
Verbal Symbols Visual Symbols Recordings, Radio, Still Pictures Motion Pictures Educational Television Exhibits Study Trips Demonstrations Dramatized Experiences Contrived Experiences Direct Purposeful ExperiencesEDGAR DALE’S: THE CONE OF EXPERIENCE
Direct Purposeful Experiences First hand experience that serve as the foundation of learning. Learning by doing.
Contrived Experiences We make use of arepresentative models or mock ups of reality for practical reasons.
Dramatized Experiences By dramatization, we can participate in a reconstructed experience even though the original event is far removed from us in time.
Demonstrations A visualized explanation of an important fact, idea, or process by the use of photographs, drawings, films, displays, or guided motion.
Study Trips Excursions or visitsconducted to observe anevent that is unavailable inside the classroom.
How does the dictum in philosophy “there is nothing in mind that was not first in the senses” relate what you learned from the cone of experience?
Alfred North Whitehead said: “In the Garden of Eden, Adam saw the animals before he named them. In the traditional system, children name the animals before they see them.” How would you relate this remark to the Cone of Experience?