1858 was not “marked by
any of those striking discoveries which at once revolutionize, so to speak, the department of science on which they bear.” Presidential Address, Linnaean Society
quot;When the ideas advanced by
me in this volume, or when analogous views on the origin of species are generally admitted, we can dimly foresee that there will be a considerable revolution in natural historyquot;
The detection of intelligent design
“is so unambiguous and so significant that it must be ranked as one of the greatest achievements in the history of science. The discovery rivals those of Newton & Einstein, Lavoisier & Schrödinger, Pasteur & Darwin.” Darwin‟s Black Box, 1996, p. 233.
What was before?
What happened? What was after? How quickly did the change happen? Where was there a revolution?
“[C]hange in the properties of
populations of organisms or groups of such populations, over the course of generations … Biological evolution may be slight or substantial; it embraces everything from slight changes in the proportions of different forms of a gene within a population, such as the alleles that determine the different human blood types, to the alterations that led from the earliest organisms to dinosaurs, bees, snapdragons, and humans.” Douglas J. Futuyma (1998) Evolutionary Biology 3rd ed., p.4
ORGANIC LIFE beneath the shoreless
waves Was born and nurs'd in Ocean's pearly caves; First forms minute, unseen by spheric glass, Move on the mud, or pierce the watery mass; These, as successive generations bloom, New powers acquire, and larger limbs assume; Whence countless groups of vegetation spring, And breathing realms of fin, and feet, and wing
Ifthere are variations, and
If these are inherited, and If one variant is more suited to some task that the others, and Ifthat task directly affects survival and therefore reproduction, Thenselection will result in evolutionary change over time If the selective pressure is applied over time.
Two essays: On Upon
Single Vision with Two Eyes; The Other on Dew…and An Account of a Female of the White Race…Part of Whose Skin Resembles That of a Negro…By the Late W.C. Wells…with a Memoir of His Life, Written by Himself. Darwin wrote “In this paper he [Wells] distinctly recognizes the principle of natural selection, and this is the first recognition which has been indicated…” (4th edition, 1866)
“An Attempt to Classify
the „Varieties‟ of Animals, with Observations on the Marked Seasonal and Other Changes Which Naturally Take Place in Various British Species, and Which Do Not Constitute Varieties“ Magazine of Natural History Natural selection working to preserve type and essence, i.e. selection as a negative force.
1859Origin of Species 1870‟s Rise
of Neo-Lamarckianism 1899Bumpus‟ evidence for nat. seln. 1900Re-discovery of Mendel 1930‟s “The Modern Synthesis” 1953Crick & Watson‟s Nature paper The “Genetic Revolution”
“The growth of a large
business is merely the survival of the fittest … This is not an evil tendency in business. It is merely the working out of a law of nature and a law of God.” John D. Rockefeller, jr.