The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
The Chemical Revolution
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The Chemical Revolution

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  • Portrait of Lavoisier six years before his eventual death / Aged 45 / One year before the French Revolution

  • Creation of gases / synthesis of water / measurement / Traité Élémentaire de Chimie



  • In ’86, L’s work with the FG allowed him turn a profit of close to 48M USD. He used this money to support his research.
    The GA sold French gunpowder to the American revolutionaries / It gave L a home in the Arsenal when he built a lab.
    The DB lunctioned to lend money to the Royal treasury

  • Marat believed in an “igneous fluid” that was contained within bodies. As we will see, L had been working on combustion for quite a while by then.

  • Franklin / Double-blinds / No magnets required / Actually a form of hypnotism / invisible forces / action at a distance

  • A certain elitism


  • A practical science / A Kuhnian “pre-science”?
  • Open versus the closed hermetic nature of alchemy / Boyle challenged the traditional elements and the alchemical vision.


  • The Chemistry of Gases
  • was certain that, given the right materials, he could make himself invisible
  • elements of air and fire replaced



  • Sold idea to a certain Dr Schweppes
  • Devp of steam engine

  • They must be absorbing something, most likely from the air.


  • The supercollideer of its day / Need to have vessel to capture gas (CO2). Impossible to build at the time / Need to have vessel to capture gas (CO2). Impossible to build at the time


  • The supercollideer of its day / Need to have vessel to capture gas (CO2). Impossible to build at the time / Need to have vessel to capture gas (CO2). Impossible to build at the time



  • Producing Oxygen
  • Becomes oxygène in 1787 / oxy – acid … gen – generating. Some acids do contain O2 but not all.


  • One of the last supporters of phlogiston / L reprinted ESSAY with commentaries. In 1789, K reprinted the reprint with commentary. / Eventually abandoned phlogiston in 1791

  • Modern values: N 78.084 and O 20.946
  • Shy – possibly aspergers?




  • Lists 55 elements / two part names / examples Nitric, Nitrous, Nitrate, Nitrite
  • In all of this L was building on the work of others and putting it into the correct theoretical framework. Shifted Chemistry from Baconian observation to Newtonian theory.



  • Stoichiometry ...

  • Stoichiometry ...






  • 13 years old at marriage – avoiding marriage to 50 y.o. -

  • 1789

  • Letter to Ben Franklin






  • Letter to Ben Franklin
  • Storming of the Bastile 1789 / Execution of Louis 16 1793 / between 18,000 and 40,000 people were executed during the Reign of Terror (until 95) / marat robspierre danton / latter two in 1794.

  • Storming of the Bastile 1789 / Execution of Louis 16 1793 / between 18,000 and 40,000 people were executed during the Reign of Terror (until 95) / marat robspierre danton / latter two in 1794.

  • Storming of the Bastile 1789 / Execution of Louis 16 1793 / between 18,000 and 40,000 people were executed during the Reign of Terror (until 95) / marat robspierre danton / latter two in 1794.

  • Storming of the Bastile 1789 / Execution of Louis 16 1793 / between 18,000 and 40,000 people were executed during the Reign of Terror (until 95) / marat robspierre danton / latter two in 1794.

  • Himself a member of the Academy of Painting & Sculpture

  • Arrest of the Ferme Générale / Charges were pressed by an ex-FG member. All members (incl L’s father in law) were executed. Image by Beaulieu.

  • David - Death of Marat (’93)
    Charlotte Corday, Paul-Jacques-Aimé Baudry, 1860


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