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30 Content slides

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30 Content slides

  1. 1. 1950s-present Engines<br />There are many types of said engines<br />The types are as follows<br />V6 engine<br />V8 engine <br />Diesel engines <br />Certain “CID” or Cubic Inches Displacement engine Ex: 396 cid V8<br />Fuel Cell<br />Ex: Hydrogen Engines <br />Hybrid engines <br />Electric engines <br />Each one is used for different situations <br />Some engines made for certain cars can help a certain car to do better performance <br />“If Fiat was still building vehicles with eighteen different engines, in 1912 almost half of the vehicles produced were one of type “Zero”.” (Francesca Fauri3) <br />http://auto.howstuffworks.com/car-engine-types-channel.htm<br />
  2. 2. 1900-1949 Car models<br />Since 110 years cars have been undergoing not only an evolution of mechanics, the outlook of them as well<br />In this slide we see an antique of a car made exactly 70 years ago yet still looks new<br />Though it is new you do not see a lot of them <br />The engine itself was still going under many modifications<br />The start up was slow<br />Produce some harmful exhaust <br />Top speed was 95mph <br />Need to be replaced if broken <br />http://www.volvoclub.org.uk/history/history_40s.shtml<br />
  3. 3. Transmission<br />There are two ways transmission is referred to:<br />America: Transmission <br />Europe: Gear box <br />It is located behind the flywheel and clutch of the car <br />While being almost idle, it can go to 900 rpm (Revolutions per minute), but can go to 7500rpm if up to speed. <br />The transmission has a special gear to work <br />The most basic type is the spur gear which has straight cut teeth and its parallel to the axis of the gears <br />http://www.carbibles.com/transmission_bible.html<br />
  4. 4. Suspension<br />Suspension is something your car would be in need of because it keeps your car from shaking to pieces.<br /> If one were to go down a rough road without it your car will break one way or another <br />What the suspension is can only be two things:<br /> Coil Springs <br />Shock absorbers <br />http://www.carbibles.com/suspension_bible.html<br />
  5. 5. Steering <br />Steering is a lot more complicated then one thinks <br />At first its simple <br />Turn the steering wheel <br />The front tires move toward that side <br />Whole car turns to that direction <br />It goes beyond these three steps <br />Now the steering wheel has four parts <br />Steering wheel connects to steering system <br />Which connects to the tracking rods <br />They connect to the tie rods <br />Finally they connect to the steering arms <br />http://www.carbibles.com/steering_bible.html<br />
  6. 6. Engine Oil<br />Oil is another important thing about a car.<br />The oil is the equivalent to blood in the body<br />It goes into the “heart” of the car known as the engine <br />The purpose of oil is to stop the metal surfaces from ever grinding and breaking each other apart from friction<br /> It also can clean the engine of chemicals and build ups <br />http://www.carbibles.com/engineoil_bible.html<br />
  7. 7. Tires<br />There is some information about tires that most did not know. <br />For example:<br />Certain tires can heat up<br />Some tires heat up according to the rate of temperature the have <br />The ratings are: A, B, and C, A being highest C being lowest <br />http://www.carbibles.com/tyre_bible.html<br />
  8. 8. The Fuel and the Engine<br />The fuel is what the engine needs to start running as most know <br />The procedure for this is called the “Internal Combustion”<br />This process is quite long:<br />First takes the fuel and air and compresses both of them<br />Then both ignite using a Spark Plug or Self-Ignition <br />Next allow the explosion of combusting gasses to force the piston back <br />Last expel the exhaust gas <br />http://www.carbibles.com/fuel_engine_bible.html<br />
  9. 9. Weight Reduction <br />Weight Reduction is not required in a car. <br />It is only used in motorsport competitions and those few who love to customized their cars <br />There are only three things this add-on effects:<br />Makes the car lighter in weight <br />Increases acceleration and HP (Horse power)<br />It also helps braking since it makes it easy to stop the car when it is lighter <br />http://www.hondaclub.com/forum/articles/287-weight-reduction-overview-few-ideas.html<br />
  10. 10. Engine Control Unit (ECU)<br />Back then the ECU was not really a big thing <br />Now a days if you like customize your car the ECU would do wonders for you <br />The ECU is a computer that controls the air/fuel mixture so the catalytic converter could removed a lot of the pollution from the exhaust <br />It also has the closed-loop control, which monitors outputs of a system to control the inputs to a system <br />http://auto.howstuffworks.com/under-the-hood/trends-innovations/car-computer1.htm<br />
  11. 11. Air intake system<br />Another add-on used to make your car look cool and ran smooth <br />This system is used to make the car breath faster while running<br />This makes the car run faster and make the gas mileage greater then it was <br />There are three different types of Air Intake <br />Open Element car Air Intake system <br />Sealed car air intake system <br />Ram car air intake system <br />http://www.streetbeatcustoms.com/airinsys2.html<br />
  12. 12. Braking System <br />Braking system is one of the more easier to understand kind of performance parts <br />Its purpose is simple:<br />Its used to slow the car wheel movement through friction. <br />There are to types of systems which are important <br />Cars with an ABS system <br />Cars without an ABS system <br />http://www.2carpros.com/how_does_it_work/brake_system.htm<br />
  13. 13. Super Chargers<br />Super chargers are one of three types of ways to really boost the HP of your car <br />A Supercharger is like a turbo, but with out the turbo lag <br />When you first install it, it can increase your cars HP by at least 200-250HP <br />http://www.howstuffworks.com/supercharger.htm<br />
  14. 14. Turbo <br />A turbo system could become complicated if not well done, and this is how one looks like <br />http://www.turbobygarrett.com/turbobygarrett/tech_center/turbo_tech101.html?#t101_1<br />
  15. 15. Exhaust systems <br />There are three main functions for an exhaust system:<br />It takes the poisonous gas of the exhaust from the engine to the rear part of the car<br />It quiets the engine sound while it is running <br />Then it changes unspent fuel to spent fuel with the help of the catalytic converter <br />The exhaust system contains many components:<br />Exhaust manifold <br />Exhaust pipe<br />Catalytic converter <br />Muffler <br />Tail pipe <br />http://www.2carpros.com/how_does_it_work/exhaust_system.htm<br />
  16. 16. NA engines <br />NA Engines or Naturally Aspirated Engines is not considered to be a turbo or a supercharger <br />The NA engine is not really famous because it it generally cannot offer suitable Weight: Power ratio <br />http://en.allexperts.com/e/n/na/naturally-aspirated_engine.htm<br />
  17. 17. Ignition System<br />The reason for this part is to create a spark that will create a spark that will ignite the fuel-air mixture in a cylinder <br />Timing is an important factor and if timed wrong then the engine will run poorly or not at all. <br />The ignition system has a high voltage spark plug that contains 20,000 volts to 50,000 volts. <br />http://www.familycar.com/CLASSROOM/ignition.htm<br />
  18. 18. Car Models (1950-Present)<br />The 1950s was the time of the dream car era which made way for unexpected, unnatural, and unimaginable cars <br />Examples are: <br />1962 Fisher Body Craftsman’s Guild Model<br />1967 Lamborghini Marzal<br />1967 Chrysler 300X <br />Further on cars became more of a way to impress people by how it looks, and how fast it can run. <br />
  19. 19. Car Models (1950-Present) Cont.<br />Ever since the 1980s people were able to find creative ways to have fun with cars <br />Now they aim to have the most beautiful and fast cars <br />Some include <br />Porsche Carrera GT<br />Lamborghini Murcielago LP640<br />PaganiZonda F<br />Jaguar XJ220 <br />Ferrari Enzo<br /> McLaren F1 <br />Koenigsegg CCX<br />Saleen S7 Twin Turbo <br />BugattiVeyron<br /> SSC Ultimate Aero <br />
  20. 20. Top 10 <br />#8<br />#10<br />#9<br />#5<br />#6<br />#7<br />#4<br />#3<br />#2<br />http://www.thesupercars.org/fastest-cars/fastest-cars-in-the-world-top-10-list/<br />#1<br />
  21. 21. Car Body Kits <br />Body kits are sort of an add-on to a car which is not required for it to run<br />Its only purpose is to stylize the car in your own image<br />Body kits include from car dealers of:<br />Acura <br />Audi <br />BMW<br />Ford <br />Honda <br />Mazda <br />Nissan <br />Subaru <br />Toyota <br />http://www.bodykits.com/<br />
  22. 22. FR Layout <br />FR car is a another way to say Front engine, Rear wheel drive.<br />The lay out is as follows:<br />The engine is put in the front part of the car as in most cars<br />The way the car accelerates, the power and work is put in the rear set of wheels while the front end is used for turning the car only <br />http://www.rearwheeldrive.org/rwd/rwdbenefits.htm<br />
  23. 23. FF Cars <br />FF cars also known as the “Front engine, Front wheel drive” cars are not very common <br />They are not that popular as the FR or the 4WD cars, but they are still around <br />Their layout is as follows:<br />The engine is once again in the front part of the car <br />The power however, is in the front two tires instead of the rear this time.<br />http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1696147/advantages_and_disadvantages_of_frontwheel.html<br />
  24. 24. 4WD Cars <br />4WD drive cars (or literteraly 4 Wheel Drive) or very popular in the Japanese import tuner <br /> Many like this type of car because of how fast this car can go and its limitless ways of modifications it can use <br />There are two ways to describe this type of car:<br />One is the regular 4WD which is not so good in going fast in a high speed corner and cannot drive in the snow or off-road <br />The “AWD” (All Wheel Drive) is a full time 4WD and are made for all surfaces including pavement, snow, and the off-road <br />http://auto.howstuffworks.com/four-wheel-drive.htm<br />
  25. 25. Famous FR Cars<br />Some Famous FR cars are as follows <br />Mazda RX-7 FD3S<br />Mazda RX-7 FC3S<br />Mazda RX-8 <br />Nissan Silvia S13<br />Nissan Silvia S14<br />Nissan Silvia S15<br />Nissan 350Z Z32<br />Nissan Skyline R32<br />Ford Mustang Flashback<br />http://www.turbomagazine.com/features/0804_turp_1998_nissan_silvia_s15/index.html<br />http://www.edmunds.com/mazda/rx7/review.html<br />
  26. 26. Famous FF cars <br />Most Famous FF cars are:<br />Volkswagens Golf GTI<br />Lancia Delta Rally Car <br />Mitsubishi Eclipse GT Spyder<br /> Acura Integra Type-R<br />Honda Civic EK9 Type-R<br />Peugeot 206 <br />Renault Clio V6 <br />
  27. 27. Famous 4WD cars <br />Most famous 4WD cars are:<br />Nissan Skyline GTR R32<br />Nissan Skyline GTR R33<br />Nissan Skyline GTR R34<br />Nissan GTR R35 <br />Mitsubishi Lancer Evolution 1-10 <br />Subaru Impreza WRX STI <br />Audi R8 <br />Lamborghini Gallardo <br />http://www.rsportscars.com/nissan/2010-nissan-gtr-spec-v/<br />
  28. 28. Illegal Side of Cars<br />Though the years have pasted and gone, it has also taken effect on cars and for the worst. <br />Started since 1932 people begin to race and have these races have been so dangerous that its banned<br />Even so people still street race for the fun, thrill, being the best, and any other trivial matter <br />http://www.mdwholesale.com/Illegal_street_racing.html<br />VS.<br />
  29. 29. Rally events<br />Cars have become such a big part in everyday life that now they have come up with “Rally events”<br />Rally events can take place anywhere around the world and any who finely tuned their cars may participate <br />They take place on dirt roads and use cars only suited for the rough terrain <br />http://www.rally-america.com/news/80/<br />
  30. 30. In Culture<br />Cars have also become so famous that they appear just about everywhere<br />They appear on the streets, motorsport events, and now where they are well-known video games as well<br />Some titles include:<br />NFS Franchise<br />Gran Turismo series <br />Juiced series <br />Forza Motorsport <br />Driver Series <br />Grand Theft Auto series <br />Initial D <br />Wangan Midnight <br />shift.needforspeed.com/<br />www.gran-turismo.com/<br />

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