Vietnam war part 1

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Vietnam War

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Vietnam war part 1

  1. 1. VIETNAM 1954-1975
  2. 2. French Indo-China  1800s France becomes colonial power in Vietnam  Japan Controls during WWII  Vietminh  League formed by Ho Chi Minh  Communist sympathizer
  3. 3. French Indo-China  1800s France becomes colonial power in Vietnam  Japan Controls during WWII  Vietminh  League formed by Ho Chi Minh  Communist sympathizer Vietnam LaosCambodia French Indochina
  4. 4. Ho Chi Minh  “He who Enlightens”  Real Name: Nguyen That Thanh  Participated in Tax revolts  Wanted Free Vietnam
  5. 5. After WWII  Prevent Communist Expansion --containment  “Domino Theory” – Eisenhower  US paying 75% of War Cost  French Losing
  6. 6. Defeated French  Dien Bien Phu  Jungle fortress in Vietnam  Signaled the end of French/European Influence in Asia  NO US help – Too soon?  Vietnminh Experience  Captured 11,721 men
  7. 7. Geneva Conference  Work out peace agreement & decide Indochina’s future  Geneva Accords (Temporary)  Cease Fire  17th Parallel (DMZ)  July 1956 – General Elections
  8. 8. Vietnam Leaders
  9. 9. Ngo Dinh Diem  South Vietnam  Anti-Communist  Corrupt Gov  Favored Catholics  Cancelled 1956 Election
  10. 10. Ho Chi Minh  North Vietnam  Totalitarian  Gave land to Peasants  Wanted Unified Vietnam
  11. 11. Civil War – Vietnam  National Liberation Front (Vietcong aka “Charlie”)  Vietnamese Communist in South  Killed Southern Officials
  12. 12. Diem’s Overthrow  Arrested & Killed Buddhist Monks  US Threatens to withdraw  Diem refuses to change  US supports overthrow  NOV 1963  Diem Assassinated
  13. 13. US Involvement  EisenhowerEisenhower  Send  $ & weapons  Advisors to train  KennedyKennedy  Increase Advisors JohnsonJohnson Expanded Effort Tonkin Gulf Resolution
  14. 14. Gulf of Tonkin  USS Maddox was attacked by torpedo boats off coast of North Vietnam  Two Naval Battles ensued  2nd attack was announced by LBJ  Not accurate  US was on spy mission (we provoked)
  15. 15. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution  Gave complete control to President LBJ  Without approval from congress
  16. 16. US Enters Vietnam
  17. 17. Operation Rolling Thunder  Continuous bombing campaign for 3 years  Did Nothing but damage country  Downed Planes: POW’s
  18. 18. Air Strikes  US introduces B-52 Bomber  Saturation Bombing “Carpet Bombing”  Dropped thousands of Explosives on North Vietnam  Fragmentation Bombing “Cluster Bombs”  Explosive projecting metal shavings  Target: Ho Chi Minh Trail
  19. 19. Ho Chi Minh Trail  Supply route through Laos and Cambodia to aid V.C.
  20. 20. Agent Orange  Pesticide to kill plants (Defoliant)  Goal: Expose hiding places
  21. 21. Napalm  Chemical agent that burns uncontrollably  Search and Destroy Strategy
  22. 22. Effects of Air Bombing 1. Strengthened V.C. 2. Soviets & China support V.C. 3. Led to South Vietnamese joining the V.C.

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