Formative Assessment


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Formative Assessment

  2. 2. Are You… ASSESSMENTSAVVY?  Skilled in gathering accurate information about students learning?  Using it effectively to promote further learning?
  3. 3. Objectives Understand the various reasons as to whyassessment is essential in teaching/learning  Describe 3 types of assessments and identify the purpose of each (why)  Identify assessment targets (what)  Explain various methods of assessment (how)  Apply assessment information to current teaching experience
  4. 4. HOW DO YOU ASSESS? List some ways you typically assess students in your classroom. 1. 2. 3. 4.
  5. 5. WHEN DO YOU ASSESS?Traditionally, teachers haveassessed students at the end of aninstructional unit or sequence.However, when assessment andinstruction are interwoven, boththe students and the teacherbenefit.
  6. 6. ASSESSMENT PROCESS Pre –Summative AssessmentAssessment (Assessment OF Learning) Formative Assessment (Assessment FOR Learning)
  7. 7. PRE-ASSESSMENT The purpose of pre-assessment is to determine what students know about a topic before it is taught. Pre-assessment will help the teacher determine flexible grouping patterns and should be used regularly.
  8. 8. Pre-AssessmentStrategies Checklist  Student Products Pre-test  Student Work Samples KWL Charts  Show of hands/EPR Graphic Organizers (Every Pupil Response) Pre-test  Standardized Test Data Student Discussions  Teacher Observation Student  Writing Prompts Demonstrations  Writing Samples
  9. 9. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Assessments FOR learning happens while learning is still underway. These are assessments that:  are conducted throughout teaching and learning to diagnose student needs  plan the next steps in instruction  provide students with feedback they can use to improve the quality of their work  help students see and feel how they are in control of their journey to success
  10. 10. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT This Type ofAssessment is NOT about accountability…it is about GETTING BETTER !!
  11. 11. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Seven Strategies Where am I going? 1. Provide a clear and understandable vision of the learning target
  12. 12. What Can Be Assessed?ACHIEVEMENT TARGETSKnowledge Reasoning Mastery ProficiencyPerformance Ability to Skills Create Products
  13. 13. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Seven Strategies Where am I going? 1. Provide a clear and understandable vision of the learning target 2. Use examples and models of strong and weak work
  14. 14. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Seven Strategies Where am I now? 3. Offer regular descriptive feedback. 4. Teach students to self-assess and set goals.
  15. 15. FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT Seven Strategies How can I close the gap?? 5. Design lessons to focus on one aspect of quality at a time. 6. Teach students focused revision. 7. Engage students in self-reflection, and let them keep track of and share their learning.
  16. 16. Formative Assessment Strategies Conference  Learning Logs Cooperative Learning  Oral Presentations Activities  Peer Evaluations Demonstrations  Problem Solving Activities Exit Card  Products Graphic Organizers  Questioning “I Learned” Statements  Quiz Interviews  Response Groups Journal Entry  Self-Evaluations KWLs
  17. 17. SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT This type of assessment is a successful end product and/or the fulfilling of the pre-stated objective.
  18. 18. SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENTA summative assessment/evaluation is designedto:  provide information  make judgments about student achievement at the end of a sequence of instruction, (e.g., final drafts/attempts, tests, exam, assignments, projects, performances)It is a means to determine a student’smastery and understanding of information,skills, concepts, or processes.
  19. 19. Summative Assessment Strategies  Unit Test  Performance Task  Product/Exhibit  Demonstration  Portfolio Review
  20. 20. The Assessment– Instruction Process Pre –Summative Assessment “finding out”Assessment “making sure” Formative Assessment “checking in” “feedback” “student involvement”
  21. 21. What types ofAssessment Methods Can Be Used?ASSESSMENT METHODS Selected Extended Written Response ResponsePerformance PersonalAssessments Communication
  22. 22. What types ofAssessment Methods Can Be Used?ASSESSMENT METHODSSelectedResponse Students select the correct/best response from a list provided Multiple choice, true/false, matching, short answer, fill-in questions
  23. 23. What types ofAssessment Methods Can Be Used?ASSESSMENT METHODS Extended Written ResponseStudents construct a written answer in response to a question or task Compare …… Analyze…… Interpret…. Solve a problem and explain work… Describe in detail…
  24. 24. What types ofAssessment Methods Can Be Used?ASSESSMENT METHODS Assessment is based on Performances: *playing an instrument, observing a performance/product *carrying out steps in and making a judgment an experiment *speaking in a foreign language *working productively in a groupPerformance Products: *term paperAssessments *lab report *work of art
  25. 25. What types ofAssessment Methods Can Be Used?ASSESSMENT METHODS Determine what a student has learned through *Responding to personal interaction with them journals/logs *Asking questions during instruction*Interviewing students in conferences Personal *Giving examinations Communication orally
  26. 26. Matching Assessment Targets and MethodsTargets Selected Extended Performance Personal Written Assessment Response Communication Response Knowledge Mastery Match the assessments at Reasoning your table with the target and Proficiency method Skills Ability toCreate Products
  27. 27. Classroom Assessments Some teachers Some teachers talk about: talk about: LEARNING VERSUS GRADES  Can these co-exist peacefully? Should one receive emphasis over the other?
  28. 28. SOME FINAL THOUGHTSFormative Assessment: Refers to what happens on a daily basis in the classroom Provides teachers with information about specific next instructional steps for students: Assessment Drives Instruction. Students know where they are at instructionally and where they need to go On-going assessment provides continual feedback that helps students progress over time