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Christians, individually and in the
community of the Church, are moved to
weep over them as Jeremiah and Jesus
wept over J...
The early Christians were even
impelled to seek the peace of the
cities in which they dwell as Paul
and Augustine sought t...
St Francis throwing textiles.wmv
In the year 1182 one
individual Christian had
a sense of social
responsibility.
He saw th...
There had been several
individual Christians who like St.
Francis of Assisi were sensitive
to their social responsibility....
The Industrial Revolution was the
transition from agricultural to
manufacturing processes in the
period from about 1760 to...
This transition included going
from hand production methods
to machines, new chemical
manufacturing and iron
production pr...
Industrial revolution gave us
faster transportation,
communication and other
commodities towards a more
comfortable life.
...
Development and Progress, but
to whose expense?
In the nineteenth century, events of
an economic nature has indeed
produced a dramatic social, political
and cultural impa...
It is in this situation that the first
Social encylical Rerum
Novarum (Capital and Labor,
1891) was written by Pope Leo
XI...
The Church has never failed to show
interest in society. Nonetheless, the
Encyclical Letter Rerum Novarum
marks the beginn...
This was the most significant of all
the encyclicals. Rerum Novarum
broke down the barriers that
separated the church from...
Rerum Novarum excludes socialism as
a remedy to existing problems in
industrial revolution.
It instead expounds with preci...
It is also articulated the rights of the weak, the dignity
of the poor and obligations of the rich, the perfecting
of just...
It was at this time that Pope Pius XI
(after Pope Leo XIII: Pope Pius X)
published the Encyclical
Quadragesimo Anno,
comme...
One Concern of Quadragesimo
Anno was the post-war period,
during which totalitarian regimes
were being imposed in Europe
T...
A totalitarian government seeks to
control not only all economic and
political matters but the attitudes,
values, and beli...
It is in this context that Quadragesimo
Anno warns about the failure to respect
freedom to form associations and
stresses ...
Quadragesimo Anno confirms the principle
that salaries should be proportional not
only to the needs of the worker but also...
With the Encylcical Divini Redemtoris, on
atheistic communism and Christian social
doctrine, Pope Pius XI offered a
system...
and indicated that principal means for
correcting the evils perpetrated by it could
be found in the fulfillment of the dut...
Gaudium et Spes
Declaration Dignitatis Humanae
Second Vatican Council
Second Vatican Council
How the Vatican is working?
How the Pope is working in the
Vatican?
Shoes of the Fisherman
•The Shoes of the
Fisherman is a 1963 novel by
the Australian author Morris
West
• It was a 1968 fi...
What have we learned from this movie Shoes
of the Fisherman?
• Charity begins at home.
•There is protocol to follow in
Vat...
• Interreligious relationship
is seriously considered by
the Pope – a reflection of
Pope John Paul II.
• Congregation of F...
Gaudium et Spes
• Pastoral Constitution
Gaudium etThe Spes of
the Second Vatican Council
is a significant response of
the ...
• Gaudium et Spes presents the
face of a Church that “cherishes
a feeling of deep solidarity with
the human race and its h...
Declaration Dignitatis Humanae
• the right to religious freedom is clearly
proclaimed.
ON THE RIGHT OF THE PERSON AND OF C...
• Populorum Progressio
was issued March 26,
1967. Literally "On the
Progress of Peoples."
Pope Paul VI has
promulgated two...
• A development that
benefits everyone.
• It respond to the demands
of justice on a global scale
that guarantees world wid...
• In this regard, in 1967,
Pope Paul VI establishes
the Pontifical Commission
“Iustitia et Pax.
• It fulfills the wishes o...
Octogesima Adveniens
On the Development of Peoples
The Background:
At the beginning of the 1970s, in
a climate of turbulence and
strong ideological controversy,
Pope Paul VI returns to the ...
• The Pope reflects on post
industrial society with all of
its complex problems
• It noted the inadequacy of
ideologies in...
Pope John Paul II
Laborem Exercens
Solicitudo Rei Socialis
Centesimus Annus
Laborem Exercens was written
after the Pope had survived an
assassination attempt and
when the Solidarity movement
was dir...
• Ninety years after Rerum Novarum,
Pope Jonh Paul II devoted the
Encyclical Laborem Exercens to
work, the fundamental goo...
• Work must not be understood
only in the objective and
material sense, but one must
keep in mind its subjective
dimension...
Solicitudo Rei Socialis
The Background:
• With the Encyclical Solicitudo
Rei Socialis, Pope John Paul II
commemorates the twentieth
anniversary of Populorum
Progr...
•It deals once more with the theme of
development along two fundamental
lines:
• the dramatic situation of the modern
worl...
The Encyclical
presents differences
between progress and
development, and
insists that true
development cannot
be limited ...
Centesimus Annus
The Background
• Issued on May 1, 1991. Literally,
"The Hundredth Year,"
commemorating the one hundredth
anniversary of Rerum Novarum.
Ce...
• Pope Paul VI expanding the
concept to cover the many
modern aspects of the social
question, speaks of ‘civilization
of l...
Pope Benedict The XVI
Charity in truth, to which Jesus
Christ bore witness by his
earthly life and especially by his
death and resurrection, is ...
Charity is at the heart of the
Church's social doctrine. Every
responsibility and every
commitment spelt out by that
doctr...
It gives real substance to the
personal relationship with God
and with neighbour; it is the
principle not only of micro-
r...
For the Church, instructed by
the Gospel, charity is everything
because, as Saint John teaches
(cf. 1 Jn 4:8, 16) and as I...
Pope Francis
Lumen Fidei begins with a brief
survey of the biblical history of
faith, starting with God’s call to
Abraham to leave his ...
The Bible also illustrates how
men and women break faith
with God by worshipping
substitutes for him.
“Idols exist, we begin to see, as a
pretext for setting ourselves at the
center of reality and worshipping
the work of our...
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Revised historical development first term2014 2015

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Revised historical development first term2014 2015

  1. 1. Christians, individually and in the community of the Church, are moved to weep over them as Jeremiah and Jesus wept over Jerusalem. Historical Development Christians, individually and in the community of the Church, are moved to weep over the poor condition of their fellow human beings just as Jeremiah and Jesus wept over Jerusalem..
  2. 2. The early Christians were even impelled to seek the peace of the cities in which they dwell as Paul and Augustine sought the peace of Rome.
  3. 3. St Francis throwing textiles.wmv In the year 1182 one individual Christian had a sense of social responsibility. He saw the poor condition of the workers of his father in their textile factory. He decided then to throw the textiles of his father to his neighborhood. This is St. Francis of Assisi
  4. 4. There had been several individual Christians who like St. Francis of Assisi were sensitive to their social responsibility. Between seventeen and eighteen century however we were brought to a different situation with the birth of industrial revolution.
  5. 5. The Industrial Revolution was the transition from agricultural to manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
  6. 6. This transition included going from hand production methods to machines, new chemical manufacturing and iron production processes, improved efficiency of water power, the increasing use of steam power, and the development of machine tools. It also included the change from wood and other bio-fuels to coal.
  7. 7. Industrial revolution gave us faster transportation, communication and other commodities towards a more comfortable life. There was indeed development and progress in industrial revolution.
  8. 8. Development and Progress, but to whose expense?
  9. 9. In the nineteenth century, events of an economic nature has indeed produced a dramatic social, political and cultural impact. Events connected with the Industrial Revolution profoundly changed centuries-old societal structures, raising serious problems of justice and posing the first great social question – the labor question – prompted by the conflict between capital and labor.
  10. 10. It is in this situation that the first Social encylical Rerum Novarum (Capital and Labor, 1891) was written by Pope Leo XIII
  11. 11. The Church has never failed to show interest in society. Nonetheless, the Encyclical Letter Rerum Novarum marks the beginning of a new path. (CSDC,87) Let us be reminded that the Church’s concern for social matters did not begin with rerum novarum.
  12. 12. This was the most significant of all the encyclicals. Rerum Novarum broke down the barriers that separated the church from the worker. Never before had the church spoken on social matters in such an official and comprehensive fashion.
  13. 13. Rerum Novarum excludes socialism as a remedy to existing problems in industrial revolution. It instead expounds with precision and in contemporary terms “the Catholic doctrine on work, the right to property, the principle of collaboration instead of class struggle as the fundamental means for social change.
  14. 14. It is also articulated the rights of the weak, the dignity of the poor and obligations of the rich, the perfecting of justice through charity, on the right to form professional associations.” (CSDC,89)
  15. 15. It was at this time that Pope Pius XI (after Pope Leo XIII: Pope Pius X) published the Encyclical Quadragesimo Anno, commemorating the fortieth anniversary of Rerum Novarum. In 1930 there was the Great Depression. It was a severe worldwide economic depression.
  16. 16. One Concern of Quadragesimo Anno was the post-war period, during which totalitarian regimes were being imposed in Europe Totalitarianism, is a modern autocratic government in which the state involves itself in all facets of society, including the daily life of its citizens
  17. 17. A totalitarian government seeks to control not only all economic and political matters but the attitudes, values, and beliefs of its population, erasing the distinction between state and society. The citizen's duty to the state becomes the primary concern of the community, and the goal of the state is the replacement of existing society with a perfect society.
  18. 18. It is in this context that Quadragesimo Anno warns about the failure to respect freedom to form associations and stresses the principles of solidarity and cooperation in order to overcome social contradictions. The relationships between capital and labor must be characterized by cooperation.
  19. 19. Quadragesimo Anno confirms the principle that salaries should be proportional not only to the needs of the worker but also to those of the worker’s family. The State, in its relations with the private sector, should apply the principle of subsidiarity, a principle that will become a permanent element of the Church’s social doctrine.
  20. 20. With the Encylcical Divini Redemtoris, on atheistic communism and Christian social doctrine, Pope Pius XI offered a systematic criticism of communism, describing it as “intrinsically perverse.” In addition to Quadragesimo Anno Pope Pius XI wrote another Social encyclical: Divine Redemtoris on Atheistic Communism, March 19.1937. ,
  21. 21. and indicated that principal means for correcting the evils perpetrated by it could be found in the fulfillment of the duties of justice at both the interpersonal and social levels in relation to the common good, and the institutionalization of professional and interprofessional groups.
  22. 22. Gaudium et Spes Declaration Dignitatis Humanae Second Vatican Council Second Vatican Council
  23. 23. How the Vatican is working? How the Pope is working in the Vatican?
  24. 24. Shoes of the Fisherman •The Shoes of the Fisherman is a 1963 novel by the Australian author Morris West • It was a 1968 film based on this novel. • Opened Under Pope John XXIII in 1962 closed by Pope Paul VI in 1965.
  25. 25. What have we learned from this movie Shoes of the Fisherman? • Charity begins at home. •There is protocol to follow in Vatican even the Pope. • Concern of the Pope to his people –a reflection of the concern of Pope Francis.
  26. 26. • Interreligious relationship is seriously considered by the Pope – a reflection of Pope John Paul II. • Congregation of Faith has the responsibility to censure those whose Theology is questionable. • The Pope has to consult his councils for making a major decision.
  27. 27. Gaudium et Spes • Pastoral Constitution Gaudium etThe Spes of the Second Vatican Council is a significant response of the Church to the expectations of the contemporary world. • A new concept of how to be a community of believers and people of God are reflected.
  28. 28. • Gaudium et Spes presents the face of a Church that “cherishes a feeling of deep solidarity with the human race and its history.
  29. 29. Declaration Dignitatis Humanae • the right to religious freedom is clearly proclaimed. ON THE RIGHT OF THE PERSON AND OF COMMUNITIES TO SOCIAL AND CIVIL FREEDOM IN MATTERS RELIGIOUS PROMULGATED BY HIS HOLINESS POPE PAUL VI ON DECEMBER 7, 1965   Cambondian Genocide • to affirm the right to religious freedom for Christians and members of other religions who were suffering persecution in communist countries.
  30. 30. • Populorum Progressio was issued March 26, 1967. Literally "On the Progress of Peoples." Pope Paul VI has promulgated two Social Encyclicals. •Development is the new name for “peace.”
  31. 31. • A development that benefits everyone. • It respond to the demands of justice on a global scale that guarantees world wide peace. • makes it possible to achieve a “complete humanism” guided by spiritual values
  32. 32. • In this regard, in 1967, Pope Paul VI establishes the Pontifical Commission “Iustitia et Pax. • It fulfills the wishes of the Council Fathers that an organism of the Universal Church be set up in order that both the justice and love of Christ toward the poor might be developed everywhere.
  33. 33. Octogesima Adveniens On the Development of Peoples The Background:
  34. 34. At the beginning of the 1970s, in a climate of turbulence and strong ideological controversy, Pope Paul VI returns to the social teaching of Pope Leo XIII on the occasion of the eightieth anniversary of Rerum Novarum, with his apostolic Letter octogesima Adveniens. Pope Paul VI On the Development of Peoples
  35. 35. • The Pope reflects on post industrial society with all of its complex problems • It noted the inadequacy of ideologies in responding to these challenges: urbanization, the condition of young people, the condition of women, unemployment, discrimination, emigration, population growth, the influence of the means of social communications, the ecological problem.
  36. 36. Pope John Paul II Laborem Exercens Solicitudo Rei Socialis Centesimus Annus
  37. 37. Laborem Exercens was written after the Pope had survived an assassination attempt and when the Solidarity movement was directly challenging communism in Poland, events which opened the way for the collapse of a system based on a false doctrine of human nature and a misunderstanding of the purpose of work. Laborem Exercens September 14, 1981. Literally "On Human Work” Pope Assasination Attempt
  38. 38. • Ninety years after Rerum Novarum, Pope Jonh Paul II devoted the Encyclical Laborem Exercens to work, the fundamental good of the human person, the primary element of economic activity and the key to the entire social question. • Laborem Exercens outlines a spirituality and ethic of work in the context of a profound theological and philosophical reflection.
  39. 39. • Work must not be understood only in the objective and material sense, but one must keep in mind its subjective dimension, insofar as it is always an expression of the person. Heart Of Moses • work has all the dignity of being in which the person’s natural and supernatural vocation must find fulfillment.
  40. 40. Solicitudo Rei Socialis The Background:
  41. 41. • With the Encyclical Solicitudo Rei Socialis, Pope John Paul II commemorates the twentieth anniversary of Populorum Progressio.
  42. 42. •It deals once more with the theme of development along two fundamental lines: • the dramatic situation of the modern world, under the aspect of the failed development of the Thrid World • the meaning of conditions and requirements for a development worthy of man.
  43. 43. The Encyclical presents differences between progress and development, and insists that true development cannot be limited to the multiplication of goods and service - to what one possesses - but must contribute to the fullness of the ‘being’ of man.
  44. 44. Centesimus Annus The Background
  45. 45. • Issued on May 1, 1991. Literally, "The Hundredth Year," commemorating the one hundredth anniversary of Rerum Novarum. Centesimus Annus brought Rerum Novarum up to date and tied it to "the preferential option for the poor." •It is done in the context of the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union, Centesimus Annus still criticized both capitalism and communism.
  46. 46. • Pope Paul VI expanding the concept to cover the many modern aspects of the social question, speaks of ‘civilization of love’. • Pope John Paul II demonstrates how the Church’s social teaching moves along the axis of reciprocity between God and man. •That is, it recognize God in every person and every person in God which is the condition of authentic human development.
  47. 47. Pope Benedict The XVI
  48. 48. Charity in truth, to which Jesus Christ bore witness by his earthly life and especially by his death and resurrection, is the principal driving force behind the authentic development of every person and of all humanity. Love — caritas — is an extraordinary force which leads people to opt for courageous and generous engagement in the field of justice and peace.
  49. 49. Charity is at the heart of the Church's social doctrine. Every responsibility and every commitment spelt out by that doctrine is derived from charity which, according to the teaching of Jesus, is the synthesis of the entire Law (cf. Mt 22:36- 40).
  50. 50. It gives real substance to the personal relationship with God and with neighbour; it is the principle not only of micro- relationships (with friends, with family members or within small groups) but also of macro- relationships (social, economic and political ones).
  51. 51. For the Church, instructed by the Gospel, charity is everything because, as Saint John teaches (cf. 1 Jn 4:8, 16) and as I recalled in my first Encyclical Letter, “God is love” (Deus Caritas Est): everything has its origin in God's love, everything is shaped by it, everything is directed towards it. Love is God's greatest gift to humanity, it is his promise and our hope.
  52. 52. Pope Francis
  53. 53. Lumen Fidei begins with a brief survey of the biblical history of faith, starting with God’s call to Abraham to leave his land – “the beginning of an exodus which points him to an uncertain future” – and God’s promise that Abraham will be “father of a great nation.” Lumen Fidei
  54. 54. The Bible also illustrates how men and women break faith with God by worshipping substitutes for him.
  55. 55. “Idols exist, we begin to see, as a pretext for setting ourselves at the center of reality and worshipping the work of our own hands,” the Pope writes. “Once man has lost the fundamental orientation which unifies his existence, he breaks down into the multiplicity of his desires … Idolatry, then, is always polytheism, an aimless passing from one lord to another.”

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