Preparing for aninterview involves:Contacting and making arrangements with theinterviewee(s)Choosing a locationPreparing equipmentTraveling to the location and setting upFinal briefing and technical checks
An interview is aconversationThe interviewer is the facilitator. (S)he chooses the topic of conversation,asks questions and guides the discussion.The guest is the subject of the interview. (S)he will do most of the talkingand get most of the camera shots.The viewer is a silent observer who has been invited into the conversation.Bring them there, make them care
Interview Terminology IVInterviewGuestThe person being interviewedOne-ShotShot of a single person, either interviewer or guest. Usually a mid-shot or tighter.Two-ShotShot of two people, e.g. interviewer and guest.Back-Cut QuestionShot of the interviewer asking a question, shown from the other side of the guest.NoddyShot of the interviewer nodding or showing an appropriate facial expression.
Most interviews seek to achieve one or more of the following goals:1.Obtain the interviewees knowledge about the topic2.Obtain the interviewees opinion and/or feelings about the topic3.Feature the interviewee as the subject
Do your homeworkHave a list of questions.Ask them what you should askBack-cut questionsLISTEN
Open-Ended QuestionsOpen-ended questions typically begin with words such as "Why" and "How",or phrases such as "Tell me about...". Often they are not technically aquestion, but a statement which implicitly asks for a response. Closed-Ended Question Open-Ended Questions Tell me about your relationship with your Do you get on well with your boss? boss. What do you think about the two candidates Who will you vote for this election? in this election? Thats an interesting colored shirt youre What color shirt are you wearing? wearing.
Leading Questions This question prompts the person to question their employment relationship. In a very subtle Do you get on well with your boss? way it raises the prospect that maybe they dont get on with their boss. This question does not seek any judgment Tell me about your relationship with your boss. and there is less implication that there might be something wrong with the relationship.
This question leads the engineer enough to answerHow do you explain the missing stars from the Apollo the specific question, while being open-endedphotographs? enough to get a complete answer. This is good. This question elicits a tenuously-relevant reply without actually answering the accusation. TheHow do you respond to people who say the Apollo engineer will give a broad answer such as "I thinkphotographs were fake? these people have got it wrong". This gives the impression that the engineer is being evasive and cant answer the question.How do you respond to conspiracy theorists who This question adds some spice with provocativeaccuse you of faking the landing and lying to phrases designed to encourage a stronger response.America?
TipsStay neutral. Try not to ooze bias. Dont appear to be persuaded by the subjects opinions. Dontjudge or directly criticise the subject.Minimize your own vocals (in video and audio interviews). Ask questions clearly and succinctly, thenlet the person speak without any more words from you. Learn to react silently as the subject talks —rather than saying things like "uh-huh, right, I see", use nods and facial expressions.Its not about you. Dont talk about yourself or add your own opinion. Your questions can be longenough to add information or interest about the topic, but the interviewee is who the audience wants tohear from.When you finish the interview, put your notebook or recorder away and have an informal chat. Aswell as being polite and leaving a good impression, you might be surprised at what additionalinformation flows when the subject thinks its all over and is more relaxed.Ask them if there’s anything you missed.