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Chapter 2 and some other need-to-know stuff
 What you see is different than what the
camera sees
 GIGO Principle
 Garbage In, Garbage Out
 Power to your camera
 Battery
 AC Adaptor
 Viewfinder vs. LCD
 InsertingTapes
 Be Gentle!!!
 Adjustments to the camera
 Viewfinder
 Strap(s)
 Recording
 2 Record buttons
 Record lamp
 Recording yourself
 Fl...
 Amount of time you should leave for editing
so you don’t cut off front or back ends of
shot.
 Camera needs time after y...
 Professionals use tripods…be professional
 Leveling
 For smaller cameras—use monopods
 Don’t transport while attached
 Pan
 Tilt
 Sometimes tripods just aren’t practical
 example: football game
 Don’t zoom
 Use your own body and/or surroundings
▪ ...
 Tells the camera what objects are white
 Very blue or very orange shots
 If light is changing (ex: sun setting) you HA...
 If possible – manually white balance
 ZOOMALLTHEWAY IN on something white
 Follow instruction manual
 Don’t cover whi...
 2 levers
 W=Wide,T=Tight/Telephoto
 Lightly for slow zoom, hard for fast zoom
 Optical zoom—lens/mechanism actually
moves to adjust
 Zoom factor of 1x to 15x
 Digital zoom—super magnification BUT
f...
 Just like white-balancing, if you use
“automatic” setting, the camera has to guess
 You’re the only one who knows whatY...
 Follow instructions in manual
 Might be an “MF” button
 Done by rotating lens itself OR inside a menu
 Zoom all in the way in on your subject
 Focus
 Zoom back out and setup your shot
 If you’re shooting a person—zoom in...
 Focus is an issue of distance between the
subject and camera
 If the distance between the two changes—the
image needs t...
 Most objects need to be at least 5 feet away
to zoom/focus properly
 If within 5 feet, zoom all the way out and
move th...
 XCU…ExtremeClose-
up
 Tightest of all shots
 Ex: a puppy’s nose
 Often too tight forTV
news
 CU…Close-up
 Usually just a person’s head and the
top of their shoulders
 Common in newscasts & interviews
 MCU…MediumClose-up
 From the elbows to the top of the head
 Common in newscasts & interviews
 MS…Medium Shot
 Aka Mid Shot
 From the waist up
 Common in newscasts &
interviews
 MLS…Medium Long Shot
 Aka “3/4 Shot”
 Knees up
 Good for introducing character
 Not as common
 LS…Long Shot
 Head to toe (should nearly be
touching top & bottom)
 See in weathercasts
 Shows background
 XLS…Extreme Long
Shot
 Zoomed out the
furthest
 You may see the main
object, plus LOTS of
background
 Rule ofThirds
 Positioning subjects at pleasing distance
 If subject is looking to one side, feels
constricted on one side
 Shift subject away from the direction of the
look
 Viewers want to see where a moving
object/subject is going—not where it’s been
 Nothing distracting—like kids making funny
faces behind you
 Nothing boring—like hall walls
 Find settings that are re...
 Ex: if you’re doing a story about busses, go
outside and shoot your piece with busses in
the background
 If you’re doin...
 That’s all! For now : )
Breaking Down the Basics of Video - MIPA 2013
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Breaking Down the Basics of Video - MIPA 2013

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A breakdown of the basics of Video -
Jesse McLean

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Breaking Down the Basics of Video - MIPA 2013

  1. 1. Chapter 2 and some other need-to-know stuff
  2. 2.  What you see is different than what the camera sees  GIGO Principle  Garbage In, Garbage Out
  3. 3.  Power to your camera  Battery  AC Adaptor  Viewfinder vs. LCD  InsertingTapes  Be Gentle!!!
  4. 4.  Adjustments to the camera  Viewfinder  Strap(s)  Recording  2 Record buttons  Record lamp  Recording yourself  Flip the screen!
  5. 5.  Amount of time you should leave for editing so you don’t cut off front or back ends of shot.  Camera needs time after you hit RECORD before it actually starts  Pre Roll…count to 5 before the action truly begins  Post Roll…count to 5
  6. 6.  Professionals use tripods…be professional  Leveling  For smaller cameras—use monopods  Don’t transport while attached
  7. 7.  Pan  Tilt
  8. 8.  Sometimes tripods just aren’t practical  example: football game  Don’t zoom  Use your own body and/or surroundings ▪ Both hands ▪ Elbow in  Uncoil your body as you pan
  9. 9.  Tells the camera what objects are white  Very blue or very orange shots  If light is changing (ex: sun setting) you HAVE to reset white balance regularly
  10. 10.  If possible – manually white balance  ZOOMALLTHEWAY IN on something white  Follow instruction manual  Don’t cover white balance sensor  Be sure red from tall light isn’t reflecting off your hand
  11. 11.  2 levers  W=Wide,T=Tight/Telephoto  Lightly for slow zoom, hard for fast zoom
  12. 12.  Optical zoom—lens/mechanism actually moves to adjust  Zoom factor of 1x to 15x  Digital zoom—super magnification BUT further you zoom, the harder it is to keep focus and steady shot  500x, 750x or more  As magnification increases, quality decreases  STAY AWAY FROM DIGITAL ZOOM
  13. 13.  Just like white-balancing, if you use “automatic” setting, the camera has to guess  You’re the only one who knows whatYOU want to be focused, soYOU should use manual if you can
  14. 14.  Follow instructions in manual  Might be an “MF” button  Done by rotating lens itself OR inside a menu
  15. 15.  Zoom all in the way in on your subject  Focus  Zoom back out and setup your shot  If you’re shooting a person—zoom in & focus on their eyes, because that’s where your audience looks first
  16. 16.  Focus is an issue of distance between the subject and camera  If the distance between the two changes—the image needs to be refocused
  17. 17.  Most objects need to be at least 5 feet away to zoom/focus properly  If within 5 feet, zoom all the way out and move the CAMERA closer
  18. 18.  XCU…ExtremeClose- up  Tightest of all shots  Ex: a puppy’s nose  Often too tight forTV news
  19. 19.  CU…Close-up  Usually just a person’s head and the top of their shoulders  Common in newscasts & interviews
  20. 20.  MCU…MediumClose-up  From the elbows to the top of the head  Common in newscasts & interviews
  21. 21.  MS…Medium Shot  Aka Mid Shot  From the waist up  Common in newscasts & interviews
  22. 22.  MLS…Medium Long Shot  Aka “3/4 Shot”  Knees up  Good for introducing character  Not as common
  23. 23.  LS…Long Shot  Head to toe (should nearly be touching top & bottom)  See in weathercasts  Shows background
  24. 24.  XLS…Extreme Long Shot  Zoomed out the furthest  You may see the main object, plus LOTS of background
  25. 25.  Rule ofThirds
  26. 26.  Positioning subjects at pleasing distance
  27. 27.  If subject is looking to one side, feels constricted on one side  Shift subject away from the direction of the look
  28. 28.  Viewers want to see where a moving object/subject is going—not where it’s been
  29. 29.  Nothing distracting—like kids making funny faces behind you  Nothing boring—like hall walls  Find settings that are relevant to your story
  30. 30.  Ex: if you’re doing a story about busses, go outside and shoot your piece with busses in the background  If you’re doing a story about the school store’s Slushee Machine, and you want to interview students about their favorite flavor, where could you set up the shot/interviews?
  31. 31.  That’s all! For now : )

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