The World After The Cold War


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The World After The Cold War

  1. 1. The World After the Cold War <ul><li>Russian Break Up </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies around the World </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of Israel </li></ul>
  2. 2. Review Questions <ul><li>Who was Khrushchev? </li></ul><ul><li>What were some problems faced in African independent movement? </li></ul><ul><li>What were some problems faced by Southeast Asian independence? </li></ul><ul><li>List at least three things you know about the creation of Israel and its relationship with Palestinians today. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Palestine and Israel <ul><li>3,000 years of conflict over the area of the world that is now Israel </li></ul><ul><li>What is the definition of Zionist? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People who favor a Jewish national homeland in Palestine </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain asked to watch over Palestine after WWI to get it ready for independence </li></ul>
  4. 4. British Uneasiness <ul><li>The Palestinians fear the growing number of Jewish individuals living in the area </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish people ask for their own nation in the same territory </li></ul><ul><li>Britain does not believe the two groups can live together peacefully and do not want to lose support of either side </li></ul><ul><li>Britain calls for a partition of the country to ensure peace </li></ul>
  5. 5. United Nations Gets Involved <ul><li>After WWII Britain turns over the issue to the United Nations </li></ul><ul><li>The United Nations recommends partition on the state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jewish State and Palestinian State </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jerusalem to be an international city owned by both </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All Arab States vote against the proposal but still passes the UN General Assembly </li></ul><ul><li>Israel officially created on May 14, 1948 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Conflicts in the Middle East <ul><li>From the beginning the nation of Israel has been faced with conflicts with its Arab neighbors </li></ul><ul><li>Day after its creation Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria invade the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong American support allows Israel to win within months </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Israel Seizes Palestine <ul><li>Palestinian portion of the partition never comes into being </li></ul><ul><li>Israel seizes much of the land designated for the Palestinian state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt took the Gaza Strip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordan seized the West Bank </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Continued Conflict <ul><li>1956 Suez Crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt seizes the Suez Canal in 1956 which was ordered by President Nasser </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>US and British agree to provide air support to the Israelis who march on the Canal and quickly defeated the Egyptians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International community forces Israel and the </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Continued Conflict <ul><li>Six-Day War </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nasser threatens Israel in a speech </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Israel strikes at the air bases of Egypt, Syria, Iran, and Jordan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ground invasion success </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Lost 800 troops to the Arabs 15,000 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Took the old city of Jerusalem, Sinai Peninsula, The Golan Heights, and the West Bank </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Buffer zones for the Israelis </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Continued Conflict <ul><li>1973 War or the Yom Kippur war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anwar Sadat now the president of Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Israel caught by surprise and initially suffers loss of land and casualties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Counter-attack launched where Israel regains most of the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cease Fire signed after several weeks of fighting but not a peace agreement </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Olive Branch <ul><li>1977 Sadat offers peace to Israel if Israel would agree to give up the lands it took in 1967 from Egypt, Jordan, and Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Jimmy Carter jumps at the opportunity to gain some stability in the region </li></ul><ul><li>Camp David Accords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt recognizes Israelis right to exist and Israel returns the Sinai Peninsula </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Palestinian Demands for Statehood <ul><li>Originally the Palestinians were promised a state by the UN as well which never materialized and Israel occupied their land </li></ul><ul><li>Israel begins to establish settlements in Palestinian lands in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank </li></ul>
  13. 13. Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) <ul><li>Led by Yasar Arafat </li></ul><ul><li>Military wing of PLO conducts armed resistance operations against the Israelis </li></ul><ul><li>Israel begins bombing any suspected PLO stronghold in towns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Invades Lebanon in 1982 to knock out strongholds </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Peace Talks <ul><li>Finally in 1991 the two sides meet face to face for a series of peace talks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>International opinion swayed by civil disobedience and NOT the military operations of the PLO </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An agreement for Israeli withdraw and Palestinian rule of the Gaza Strip and West Bank was signed in 1993 between Sharon and Rabin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rabin Assassinated in 1995 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Withdrawal process slow and complicated by Israeli Prime Ministers who were against the plan </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Activity <ul><li>Read Chapter 19 Section 1 and answer the following questions </li></ul><ul><li>What were the steps towards democracy that each country took? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the important leaders? </li></ul><ul><li>What kind of obstacles did the countries face on their road towards democracy? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Russia and the Unholy Trinity
  17. 17. Collapse of the Soviet Union <ul><li>Politburo- ruling committee of the communist party </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the two leaders of USSR since Stalin’s death? </li></ul><ul><li>Mikhail Gorbachev placed in power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Politburo looking for mild reform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gorbachev had not lived through the Stalin Era and was open to new ideas </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Collapse of the Soviet Union <ul><li>What is Glasnost? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged soviets to discuss how to improve their society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Churches open </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Released political dissidents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unbanned books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open press investigates and criticizes government </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Collapse of the Soviet Union <ul><li>What is Perestroika? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic restructuring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allowed for local managers of farms and small private businesses (restored profit motive) </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Collapse of the Soviet Union <ul><li>What is Democratization? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gorbachev introduces plan to slowly open the political system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elections of a new legislative body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lists of candidates for each office which led to part bosses losing elections and reformists gaining political power </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Collapse of the Soviet Union <ul><li>Escape from East Germany… vacationers paradise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No reforms in Eastern Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1989 Hungary who was well on its own way to democracy allowed vacationing East Germans to enter into Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom for those who could afford the trip </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>East Germany closes its borders entirely to try and stop the flood of emigrants </li></ul>
  22. 22. Collapse of the Soviet Union <ul><li>Fall of the Wall (1989) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Huge protests break out all over the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Police refuse to break up the protests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader forced to resign power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egon Krenz new leader of Eastern Germany and believes he can restore order by allowing people to leave Eastern Germany </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Germany Reunified <ul><li>Within months the Communist Party in Eastern Germany ceased to exist as corruption and scandal were discovered </li></ul><ul><li>New leadership moves towards democracy and reunification of the country </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Process begins in 1994 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economy serious obstacle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unified and back on track as of today </li></ul></ul>